Hostile actions with Indians

List of Hostile Actions with Native Americans in the Northern and Southern Plains

The following is a list of Americans who were killed in  or died as a result of hostile actions with native Americans in the northern and southern plains between 1835 and 1891.
Not included are the hostile actions with the Eastern Sioux tribes during 1862 and 1865
Hostile actions with the Mescalero Apaches are not included.
Also actions involving Cherokees, Creeks, Chickasaws or Choctows
during the Civil War are not included.
This list is limited to military personal, members of militia,
surveyors, Army scouts, lawmen and “Indian fighters”.
The categories of militia and Indian Fighters are rather arbitrary and
depends on a certain degree of organization and or reputation.
This is not a thorough historical work, but an attempt for some completeness.
This list is open for correction.
Further more: all the information used in this list has been derived from Internet.
I only compiled the information into this list.

Chronological List Hostile Actions with Plains Indians 1835-1891


July 11 – Techuacana Springs – Capt Coleman – 2
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History, p12
two to four Texians were killed
The Siege of Béxar Descendants, The Soldiers and their Descendants
Then, Coleman’s company, in which Magill served, attacked a Tawakoni
village, and in fierce fighting, a handful of rangers were killed.
Descendants of Thomas Williams
John Williams was killed on July 11, 1835, at Techuacana Springs while serving in
Robert M. Coleman’s company..
Savage Frontier: Rangers, Riflemen, and Indian Wars in Texas, Volume I, 1835,
“We had a severe battle,” Coleman wrote.
“One fourth of my men was killed or wounded. We took their encampment by a
charge and the battle ended.”
Coleman’s party fell back to Parker’s Fort, where they arrived on July 11.

Oct 28 – nr Goliad Lt. Collingsworth – 1
Savage Frontier: Rangers, Rifleman..p48

Sept/Oct – San Gabriel Graves’ surveyors – 1
Savage Frontier: Rangers, Riflemen, and Indian Wars in Texas, Volume I, 1835
p29-30, by Stephen L. Moore
An Irishman named Lang was killed and scalped while working his compass.


Febr 25 – San Gabriel Graves’ surveyors – 2
Texas Rangers in the San Jacinto Campaign
Febr. 26, surveyors from Robertson Colony

March 19-20 – Coleto Creek, Carizzo Indians – 4
Coleto Creek Battle, Early Times in Texas
March 17-18-19 The Battle of Coleto and the death of Harry Ripley
History of the north Mexican states and Texas, by Bancroft

April – East Bank Neches, Williams – 1
Frey–L Archives
Brooks Williams killed and scalped by Indians on east bank of Neches
River east of Ft. Houston, April 1836
Brooks Williams, I (1791-1836) Find a Grave

Spring – Burleson County Braman Reed – 1
Indian Depredations in Texas

May 14 – Bastrop – Hagget &Williams, Tumlinson Company – 2
Fort Tours – Bastrop:
Travis County, TX – Hornsby Cemetery

May 19 – Fort Parker – 3
Savage Frontier p366
May 19 – Parker’s Fort massacre:
Robert B. Frost
Benjamin Parker
Silas Mercer Parker sr.

June 4 – Little River Settlers Attack – Fighters – 2
Savage Frontier
June 4th, 1836, Cameron Texas, seventeen settlers under Captain
Goldsby Childers were retreating to Nashville for protection from the
warring Indians.
..The Indians scalped Crouch and Davidson after killing them
Capt Goldsby Childers

June 7 – Bastrop Conrad Rohrer veteran Ranger – 1
Savage Frontier 1, page 156
Officers and Enlisted Men, Battle of San Jacinto 21st April 1836
Rear Guard Opposite Harrisburg
Conrad Rohrer, Captain, Wagonmaster

June/July – Sandy Creek – Robinson’s and Robbins’ Companies – 8
Savage Frontier: 1835-1837, p167-169
Captain’s Robbins Scrape
Indian Depredations in Texas, by J. W. Wilbarger
Captains Robinson and Robbins

Aug. 22 – Coleto Creek near Victoria, Pierrson’s Company – 2
Savage Frontier volume 1, page 158
..General Thomas Rusk authorized Captain John Goodloe Warren Pierson to raise
a sixty-men company of mounted men to protect the town of Washington-on-the-
..Two of Pierson’s cavalrymen were killed and another two wounded..
Those killed in this battle were Thomas J Robinson and a man called Robinett
Index to Military Rolls of Republic of Texas 1835-1845
Musician Thos. J. Robinson 21
Killed in service on the 22d Aug 1836 by Indians
Texas Lawmen 1835-1899, p255
Rangers Robinett and Thomas J. Robinson were killed, two others wounded


Jan. 6 – Elm Creek – Erath – 2
Rangers in Military Service
Private David Clark

Jan 28 – Trinity Rv East, East Texas Rangers – 3
Texas Ranger Dispatch
History of Caddo Indians
David Faulkenberry, Evan Faulkenberry and Columbus Anderson
Savage Frontier: 1838-1839, p362
Stephen L. Moore
Trinity River Indian attack,
David Faulkenberry, Evan Faulkenberry, Columbus Anderson killed

March – Lt, Wren’s – Comanches – 1
Savage Frontier page 362:
Philip Martin
Evolution of a State
The Texas Rangers Century of Conflict page 41-42
Mc Connell 190. Andrews’ Men Fight With Indians Near the PresentCity
of Austin.

May 10 – Mustang Prairie Indian Fight – 3
Savage Frontier page 362:
James Barnes, Daniel McClean, John Sheridan
Fort Tours Houston

May 27 – Perry’s Spring Indian Attack – 1
Savage Frontier page 362:
James Coryell
Milam County:
Papers concerning Robertson’s Colony in Texas, Volume 10 p431

May 6 – Post Oak Springs, Cp Daniel Monroe – 5
SHQ Online p250
Aaron Cullins, Caleb Neill, David Farmer, Sterritt Smith and
Jesse Bailey t
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History 227

June – between Leon River and Nashville – Captain Childers’ – 2
Savage Frontier Rangers, Riflemen, and Indian Wars in Texas,
1835-1837, p143-45
71-Little River Settlers Attack
Capt Goldsby Childer s

Oct. – Big Brushy, Stiffner – 1
Adam Zumwalt 1795-1872 DeWitt Colony Minutemen

Nov 10 – Brazos Capt. Benthuysen – 10
Rangers in Military Service
Private Westley Nicholson
Private Jesse Blair
Private James Joslen
Private Lewis F. Scheuster
Second Lieutenant Alfred H. Miles
Private James Christian
Private Alexander Bostwick
Private William Nicholson
Private Joseph Cooper
Private William Sanders


Summer – above New Braunfels, surveyors – 9 Indian Depredations in Texas, by J.W. Wilbarger. Evidence and Procedures for Boudary p236 along the Guadaloupe River

April – Richland Creek, surveyors – 4
Savage Frontier p8
killed: Hunter, Barry, Sparks and Holland
Ft Tours, “Indian Depredations in Texas” by J. W. Wilbarger
Texas Pioneer Surveyors and Indians

May – Settler’s Fight near Fort Oldham – 2
Savage Frontier page 363:
Dr. Bigham
Joseph Reed
Ft Tours, Burleson County

May 9 – Little Rv; Curtis, surveyors – 1
The Southwestern Historical Quarterly Vol. 27, No. 1, Jul., 1923
Memoirs of Major George Erath..
The Early History of Milam County

nr. Coleman’s Fort – Joseph Rodgers, Tumlinson Rangers – 1
Old Texas Days:
Daughters of Republic of Texas, Volume 1 p51
..Joseph Rodgers who was killed by Comanches near Coleman’s Fort in 1837
Evolution of a State
Joseph Rogers
Killed in Indian raid 1838 at Hornsby’s Prairie.

Captain Lynch – vs. Comanches – 1
Benjamin Highsmith
There was but one white man killed, and that was the brave Captain Lynch.
He was shot through the body with a ballet, and died instantly, without speaking.

Summer – Rio Frio – Surveyor Campbel – 1
Savage Frontier page 83 : 13
History of Texas from 1685 to 1892: Volume 2
On the Rio Frio, west of San Antonio, in 1838, a surveying party was attacked,
the surveyor, Mr. Campbell, killed,
Border wars of Texas
The Battle of Salado and Dawson Massacre
The Indians were ostensibly friendly, and occasionally come into San Antonio to
make treaties; they complained about the hunters blazing their trees: and late in
June 1838 finding on the Rio Frio a surveying party, the young Indians in driving
past took off with them some of the horses of the camp: in trying to recover them
Mr Campbell was killed, Capt Cage got an arrow in his face, Josh Threadgill and
others escaped.

Oct. 8 – Battle Creek surveyors – 16/18
Savage Frontier page 61
(Between 14-20)
Daughters of Republic of Texas, Volume 1 p19
Nicholas Fulton Baker October 8 1838 in Navaaro County killed by Indians
while surveying.

Oct 12 – near present-day Palestine Mexican-Indian force – 4-5
Texas Rangers: Killed in the Line of Duty:
Killed in a fight with Indians, October 12, 1838.
Scott, Thomas M., Pvt.
Bullock, Julius, Pvt.
Carpenter J.W., Pvt.
Wilson, John, Pvt.
Fort Houston Cemetery History
Savage Frontier page 363:

Oct 16 – Kickapoo Town – Gen. Rusk – 1
Texas Rangers Registry
Hall James Pvt. (Bradshaw’s Co., Mebbitt’s Btn.)
December 17, 1838. Kickapoo Creek Texas.
DOW inflicted October 16 1838 – died at Fort Houston
Savage Frontier page 362
Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas

Oct 19 – Leon Springs; surveyors – 4-5
Oct 20 – Leon Captain Cage Volunteers – 8
Savage Frontiersman p83-84
Captain Cage Fight on the Leon
A party of Mexican and white surveyors camped at Leon Creek, about four San
were attacked by Comanches on October 18.
At least five of these men were killed, including Cornelius Skinner, a Mr. Jones
of Bastrop,
and San Jacinto veteran Moses Lapham.
Mr. Earnest and others escaped on foot to town.
Sons of DeWitt Colony Texas, The Battle of Salado and Dawson Massacre
Cage and seven others were killed.
Moses Lapham
The Indians, estimated at a hundred or more, surrounded the Texans and killed
Captain Cage,
Dr. Henry G. McClung, R. M. Lee, a Mr. O’Blye, Peter Conrad, John Pickering
and a Mr. Green, and badly wounded General Richard Dunlap and Major
William H. Patton.
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad
Band of Comanches in October killed 5 surveyors at Leon Creek
Eight rangers killed


Jan 16 – Brazos (Strout’s) Mj. Bryant – 13
Savage Frontier: 1838-1839, p141- 143
Hale Barton
L. Dorsey
William Fullerton
Henry Haigwood
Hugh A. Henry
William Marlin
Washington McGrew
A. Jackson Powers
Charles Sauls
Cyrus Ward
A. Jackson Webb
Jacob Plummer
Alfred Eaton

February 15 – San Saba – Col. Moore – 1
John Moore’s Defeat on the San Saba 1838
(From John Henry Brown’s, The Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas).
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History 227
Martin Joseph S., Pvt. (Moore’s Co.)
February 14 1839. Wallace’s Creek, Texas
DOW – died a few weeks later

Febr 8 or 9 – from Ft. Warren to Coffee Station Capt. Journey’s company – 2/3
Indian Depredations in Texas , The Two Old Guards, Fannin County, Texas
Some time after this, three men left the fort to go to Preston; Bushnell Garner,
David Alberty and Isaac Camp.
Savage Frontier: 1838-1839, p46
Grayson County; an illustrated history of Grayson County, Texas. p127
Parrtial List of Texas Ranger Company and Unit Commanders

Febr 25 –Brush Creek – 4
Rangers in Military Service, Minuteman & Mounted Volunteer Units
Captain Jacob Shipman Burleson
Private John B. Walters
Private Edward Blakey
Private James Gilleland EOW: Thursday, March 7, 1839

May 14 – between Seguin and San Antonio Flores band (Indians?) – 4
Savage Frontier: Rangers, Riflemen, and Indian Wars in Texas, Volume II …
Louis Frank surveying party
Bollinger and three San Antonian Mexicans killed
Eyewitness Descriptions, The Battle of Salado and Dawson Massacre
Savage Frontier: 1838-1839, 227
In June Hays and his fellow frontiermen were involved in an expedition
against the
Comanches led by Colonel Karnes.
The expedition was in response to the May 14 killing of four Bexar sur-
veyors under Louis Franks and to a number of other killings.

May 27(26) – Bird Creek – 5
The Indians of Texas 347
Milam County
Related Line of Duty Deaths
Captain John Bird
Private Thomas Gay
Private Jesse E. Nash
First Sergeant William H. Weaver
Private H. M. C. Hall

June 12 – Brushy Creek, Webster’s party (armed settlers) – 14
The Webster Massacre
Source: The Frontier Times, November 1923
A tour of historical markers in Cedar Park and Leander
San Jacinto Veterans

July 15/16 – Nueces; Cherokees – 7/8
Chronicles of Oklahoma

July 26 – near Ft. Lamar – 1st Regiment of Infantry – 1
Stirpes, Volume 35, Number 4, December 1995, page 42
Died – On the 26th July, near Fort Lamar, Nechez Saline, Lieutenant
O’Neil of the First Regiment of infantry, Texan Army.
Lieutenant O’Neil was scouting west of the Nechez, with a small
and while riding a considerable distance in advance of his men, was killed and his body horribly mangled by a party of Indians, concealed in
the Netchez swamp.
ONEALL-L Archives
Houston Morning Star Death Notices, August 12,1839-

Nov. 11 – nr Richland Creek – Colonel Neill’s expedition – 2
Savage Frontier 361
The muster roll of Captain Reed’s Company G shows that privates
John J. Earle and Phillip Whepler were killed by Indians on November 11.
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History 230

Dec 25 – Colorado River – Col. Burleson Captain Lynch – 1
Ranger Mathew “Old Paint” Caldwell


Jan 2/4 – Captain Clendenin’s Infantry B Company – 2
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad
During Colonel Edward Burleson north-western campaign, two
privates from Captain Adam Clendenin’s Infantry Company B, deserted.
Privates Anderson and Lesley left the camp on 2 January, 1840 and
were found dead on 4 January. It appeared they had been killed by
Comanche Indians.

Febr 28 – nr. San Antonio – Captains Redd’s and Kennymore’s company’s – 2
Savage Frontier: 1840-1841; p361
On their return from Gonzales on February 28, the small party was attacked
by Indians at a point only two and a half miles from San Antonio.
Two privates––Henry Douglass of Company A and Richard L’Estrange of
Company I––were killed.

March 19 – Council House San Antonio – 4
The Council House Fight

June 18 – near San Antonio – Gonzales Rangers – 1
Savage Frontier: 1840-41, p67.
In the summer weeks of 1840, Comanches attacked many other Texas settlers.
Among others vicious assaults were those…..James Campbell on the Guadeloupe

Aug 5 – east Victoria – Caldwell (quartermaster Reg. Inf) – 1
Caldwell, Pinckney Coatsworth (1795–1840).
By May 3, 1839, Caldwell was serving as quartermaster in Houston with
the rank of major.

Aug 7 – east Victoria Cpt Zumaldt Mordeci – 1
Sons deWitt
Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas: August 9

Aug 8 Lavaca River – Tumlinson’s Co. – Dr. Bell – 1
Sons deWitt
Capt Rufus Perry
Major John Tumlinson was in the field, and was placed in command.
They met the Indians on the 9th of August, on the Casa Blanca creek,
and had a skirmish, which resulted in the loss of one Texan and five
or six Indians.
Savage Frontier 1840-41, Appendix A
Dr. Bell – Aug 9 1840 Arenosa Creek Skirmish

Aug 12 – Plum Creek – 2
Report Gen. Huston, Sons deWitt
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History 227
Wolf (deWolf), Gottip, Pvt. (Border Guards)
Augustus 12, 1840. Plum Creek, Texas
Savage Frontier 1840-41, Appendix A

Sept 17 – Chambers Creek, Cooke’s expedition – 5
After San Jacinto: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841, page 96/97
Finding Chambers Creek dry, some ten or fifteen of the men went back
upon the trail for water and, contrary to orders, without their muskets.
They were ambushed by a party of Indians and five of their number killed.
Savage Frontier 1840-41, Appendix A
4 unnamed soldiers Sept. 1840 Ambush on First Regiment

Dec betw. Red & Brazos rivers – 30
Indian Depredations in Texas, by Wilbarger: On the 18th of November, 1840, a surveyor by the name of Dick Sparks, with a company of about 40 men, left San Augustine……… They had been surrounded by a large party if Indians, and almost every man was killed lying in his blanket. Robert Wires and another men named Kellogg made their escape
The West Texas Frontier: Fate of Dick Sparks’ Surveying Party


Febr – Trinity River at West Point – Wiliam Frost, member of a posse – 1
William Frost
Fort Houston Cemetery
His last service in the Army of Texas was either December 1840, or January 1841.
William Frost, Find a Grave
Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas

May 21 – Pecan Creek – Chandler – 0
Savage Frontier: 1840-1841: Rangers, Riflemen, and Indian Wars in Texas
Thomas Smith slightly wounded
Pecan Creek
A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson,
Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas p400

May – Captain Sloan party – 1
Bill Fairley,Village Creek meant as lesson
In the spring of 1841, Capt. Robert Sloan reported to Tarrant
that an Indian had killed a member of his scouting party and escaped.

May 24 Tarrant Expedition Denton – 1
Savage Frontier: 1840-1841: Rangers, Riflemen, and Indian Wars in Texas
John Denton Village Creek Battle

Or 1843 spring Bandera Pass capt Hays – 5/6
Lee Jackson (c.1826 – c.1841)
Early Settlers and Indian Fighters of Southwest Texas

Santa Fe Expedition – 9/11
Forgotten Texas Leader
page 83-85; affair George Hull and Company, 5 killed
page 87; about September 7, with the advance party under Sutton :
Two men wandered off and disappeared…
page 89-90: on September 12, with the main party, two men killed by Indians
Kiowa Calendar
Sons of Dewitt Colony, The Santa Fe Expedition

July 29 – Llano Hays – 1
Savage Frontier: 1840-1841: Rangers, Riflemen, and Indian Wars in Texas
John Slein, July 24 Hay’s Llano River Fight

Aug 5 – Erath’s and Chandler’s companies – pvt. Smith – 1
see cordova rebellion
Savage Frontier volume 3 p313-14
Ft. Tours Erath’s Fight
In July 1841 Erath gathered his Milam County militia, met with
Capt. Eli Chandler’s men from Robertson County, and went looking for Indians…..
Suddenly Indians, either Cherokees or Kickapoos according to Erath, opened fire….
Capt. A.J. Smith was killed in the first volley
The officer down memorial page
Private Abram Trigg Smith

Aug 22 – nr. Old Franklin – Maj. Heard – 1
History of Robertson County
Savage Frontier volume 3 p 312&316
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History 227
Heard George W., Pvt., (Chandler’s Co.)
August 22 1841. Near Franklin, Texas

Oct 31 – Warren Fannin County Sowell militia captain – 1
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad
Attack Tavern of Sowell on November 28
Rangers, Riflemen, and Indian Wars in Texas 1840-1841 p 331-333 Captain Joseph Sowell’s Fannin County Minutemen Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad, p277

Dec 7 – Stein Killed Line of Duty – 1
Texas Rangers: Killed in the Line of Duty

Dec – Elm Fork Trinity River – Sloan’s company – Clubb – 1
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History 227
Clubb, David (or Samuel), Pvt. (Sloan’s det., Red River militiamen)
December 1841, Elm Fork of the Trinity River, Texas
From: History of Dallas County Texas , 1837 to 1887 by John Henry Brown
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad, p277 October/ November

Dec 25 – near Bird’s Fort – Rattan – 1
Savage Frontier: 1840-1841 p 351
Capt. Webb’s Company
Privates: Wade Rattan killed Dec. 25 1841
Settlers of Dallas County 1841-1850


Walnut Creek – James Boyce, Indian Fighter – 1
History of Texas, together with a biographical history of
Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties, p419
James Boyce 1842 Travis County noted Indian Fighter, killed by
Lipans Walnut Creek
Lipan Apache Tribe

June Keechi Creek – Captain Greer – 1
SHQ Sketch of the Early Settlement of Leon County

Sept 16 – Fight at Salado; Jouett – 1


Jan 1 – Waller Creek – William Bell – 1
William Custard

May, June – Snively Expedition – 4
Niles’ weekly register, Volume 64
During the trip John H. Davis, and Elisha C. Simons, of this town, Francis Sharpe of
this neighborhood, and a man by the name of Caldwell, from Paris, Lamar county,
were killed by Indians.
Narrative Of The Texian Invincibles.

Llano River – Cpt Hays – 2
Texas Ranger Dispatch, Captain Jack Hays
Two Rangers were dead and five wounded. Five Indians had died.

Fall – Kinney’s Fort – Pyron – 1 Savage Frontier Indian Depredations In Texas Captain Bernard Pyron


April – Nueces Canyon – Hays’ Rangers – 1
Texas Ranger Dispatch
Early Settlers and Indian Fighters in Southwest Texas
Texas Lawmen 1835-1899, p392
April 1

April 6 – nr. Kenney’s Fort – 3
The Historic Round Rock Collection, Kenney Fort
On April 6, 1844, Dr. Kenney, Henry Castleberry and John Courtney
left the fort and never returned.
Kenney’s Fort, Historical Marker, Round Rock, Texas

Colonel Oldham’s Fight on Cedar Creek – 2 Wilbarger’s Indian Depredations in Texas Reed and Bingham killed

May 30 – Corpus Christi – Col. Kinney – 3/4
Raid on Corpus Christi
Of the 11 Texans, three were killed and the rest wounded.
Texas Lawmen 1835-1899, p393
Four unknown rangers, reports indicate were killed fighting near Corpus Christie

June 9 – Walker Creek – Hays’ Rangers – 1/2
Texas Ranger Dispatch
History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson,
Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson countiesp126
Skirmish 1844 Col. Hays 80 miles from San Antonio
Rangers lost 2 killed, 5 wounded, 30 dead Indians left
Texas Rangers: Killed in the Line of Duty


Frank Litton – 1
History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam,
Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties, p648-49
Frank M. Litton ranger, member Captain Belligsley
Killed in personal encounter with Indians in 1845

June 7 – near Austin – 1
Cemetary Inventory
Atkisson William d. 7 June 1845 Ranger killed by Indians w/ Daniel Hornsby
at Blue Bluff
Travis County, TX – Hornsby Cemetery

Oct – betw Austin and New Braunfels – 2
The relations between the german settlers and the Indians in Texas,
In October, 1845, two Germans, Captain Friedrich v. Wrede and Lieutenant Oscar Claren, were killed

Nov. – Capt. Kemper – 1
Border Wars of Texas
The killing of Capt. Kemper by the Caranchuas occurred in November, 1845.


Oct – Pedernales River – surveying expedition – 3
Indian Depredations in Texas
Barlett Sims, Clark and Grant killed


June – Ft Mann – 3
Fort Mann, Kansas, 1846 – 1848
On the 19 June, just four days after Garrard had left, the Indian attack
which had been feared since the fort was established, occurred. Four hundred
warriors amassed to overrun the depot. Sloan and his men, with surprising
coolness for an untrained group, managed to repell several attacks, killing 15
and wounding 30-40 with cannon and rifle fire.
During the lull in the fighting three of the defenders left the stockade, but did
not get 300 yards from the post when they were caught by Indians and killed.
All three, Negle, Roy and Johnson were scalped.

June 26 – Grand Prairie – Lt Love – 5

July 21 – Ford cy – Easton Missouri Vol – 8
Emigrant Graves and Cemeteries
Missouri Volunteers, Lt. Col. Alton R. Easton, in battle with Comanches in eastern Ford Co.. Eight killed: William Duncan, Francis Turcott, Ludwick Tanner, Jacob Johnson, Valentine Regg, Henry Barlow, Philander Porter, and Charles Fuss.
A General History of New Mexico

July – region Llano and San Saba – surveyors – 4
The conquest of Texas: ethnic cleansing in the promised land, 1820-1875
p 221
.. a war party finally struck the surveyors (killing four) in July 1847

Aug 5 – Las Tablas, Co D, Capt. H. Baylor – 4/6
Memorializing America’s `domestic soldiers’
4 killed 8/5/1847 Los Tablas, Mexico Indians
Baylor, Henry Weidner
It spent much of its enlistment period on garrison duty in Monterrey,
Nuevo León, but experienced severe fighting with Indians near Las Tablas on
August 5, 1847, in which the company lost six men killed and an unknown
number wounded.
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History
Gooch, William J, (Co E, Chevallie’s Btn) – Aug 5, 1847 – Los Tablas
Hall, John (Co E, Chevallie’s Btn) – Aug 5, 1847 – Los Tablas
Preston, David, Pvt. (Co E, Chevallie’s Btn) – Aug 5, 1847 – Los Tablas

Nov or Dec 21 – La Encantada, Co A – Capt. Lane – 1
More Zeal Than Discretion: The Westward Adventures of Walter
P. Lane, p69-70
1 killed, 14 wounded
Ranger Walter Paye Lane, (1817-1892), by Stephen L. Moore
Lane lost four Rangers killed and fourteen wounded
The Paradise of Texas: Clarksville and Red River County, 1846-1860, p231
letter written by Major Lane
W.H. Bell killed, and McNurty and two others wounded
The Friend: A Religious and Literary p113-117
1 killed
Texas Volunteers in the Mexican War, p112
The Mexican-American War and the Media, 1845-1848
December 24, 1847: accounts from Saltillo had been received-
Camanche Indians had made a descent in large force upon the Mexican settlement;
Major Lane had to fight the Indians

Dec 18 – Laredo – Ranger Rattan – 1
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad, p289
Rotan-KL Section K


January – near Laredo – 1
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History Door Darren L. Ivey p231
Couzens, Thomas, Lt. (Co. H, 1st Mtd. Vol.)
January 11, 1848

April 9 – Trinity River surveyors – 3
The conquest of Texas: ethnic cleansing in the promised land,
1820-1875, p226-27
Caddo Indians where we came surveyors killed p318
Rangers killed a Wichita in 1848 and the Wichitas retaliated by killing three surveyors Sixty Years in Texas
The Murder of Phelps and Others in 1848.
Gone to Texas: A History of the Lone Star State, p
From Dominance to Disappearance: The Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest …p198

September 4 – Leon River – Warfield’s Company – Mangum & Heck – 2
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad 296
McConnell 229. Heck Killed and Huffman Wounded. –

Fall – Sabinal Canyon – Warfield’s Company – 1
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad 297
Pvt. Deer (Dier), John Wesley
A Texas Pioneer; Early and Overland Freighting Days on the Frontiers of
Lieutenant Knox Uvalde County, Texas
Early settlers and Indian fighters of southwest Texas‎ – Pagina 322
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p297
Lieutenant Knox’s Fight in the Sabinal Canyon. –

Oct 11 – Escondedo – Captain York – 3
Wilbarger Indian Depredations in Texas
Raid into Gonzales and De Witt Counties in 1848
Excerpt from “Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas”


Oct 7 – Canyon Creek – Capt. Marcy’s Company – Lt Harrisson – 1
Ft. Tours,Scurry County Historical Markers
Capt. Randolph Barnes Marcy: Explorer And Surveyor
October 7,1849—Lt. M. P. Harrison killed and scalped by a small band
of Kiowas.

Oct 29 – Platte River; Captain Chilton – 1
Actions with Indians, 1849
20 October 1849 – Near Fort Kearney, on Platte River, Nebraska (Sioux)
(Captain R H Chilton), Company B 1st Dragoons – 1 killed
Chronological list of engagements Indian Wars 1790-1898
October 29 Near Fort Kearny, on Platte River, Nebr. Detachment
of Company B, 1st Dragoons. Captain R. H. Chilton in command.
Soldiers killed, 1. Fight was with the Pawnee Indians.

Nov 21 – at Ft Lincoln – 1
1850 Mortality Schedule
Fort Lincoln Military Cemetery
McCann, J On the evening of Nov. 21, 1849, the blacksmith (ferrier)
was shot and killed by Indians.

Dec. 31 nr Ft. Duncan – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Hendrick / Hendricks Francis, F, 1 Inf. Private Killed in Action Indians
nr. Ft. Duncan, Texas 12/31 1849 .
Death Records 54


Jan 11/12 Corpus Christie Bryant – 1
Rangers in Military Service
(Minuteman & Mounted Volunteer Units), 1823 – 1874
Bryant, Charles G.—-Major Texas Mounted Volunteers.
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p299

Febr 20 – betw. Ft. Inge and Ft. Duncan – 8 Inf Capt Sprague – 1
Compilation Indian Engagements 1837-1866 AWC

March 3 Chacon Creek 2nd Dragoons – Capt Hardee – 1
Compilation Indian Engagements 1837-1866 AWC
shot while on escort duty
Indian exodus: Texas Indian affairs, 1835-1859‎
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Calon? Michael C 2 Dragoons Private Killed in Action Indians Chicon
Creek Texas 03/03 1850 Verify surname as ER looks like Caton. “Shot by
Indians while on escort duty.”
1850 Mortality Schedule
Michael Caton

April 7 nr Laredo 1Inf Lt Hudson – 2
Compilation Indian Engagements 1837-1866 AWC
near Laredo Cos. G&I 1st Infantry Lt. Hudson
Historic Fort McIntosh
Captain Walter W. Hudson, stationed at the fort, died April 19, 1850,
of wounds received in a skirmish with Indians
First US Infantry Combat Actions in Texas, 1849 – 1861
From The Old Army in Texas, by Thomas T. Smith
7 April 1850; Laredo, Texas: On 6 April, during a scout near Laredo,
Lt. Walter W. Hudson and Companies G and I of the 1st Infantry,
out of Fort McIntosh, attacked a camp of Indians on the Nueces River
and recovered 30 stolen horses. Hudson pursued the Indians and the next
day caught up with them.
In the ensuing fight, four enlisted men were wounded and one was killed.
Hudson received a mortal wound and died on 19 April.
Four Indians were wounded.

May 29 – between Nueces and Rio Grande – Ford’s Rangers – 1
Texas Rangers’ Battle of May 29, 1850
private Wrn. H. Gillespie mortally wounded
Rip Ford’s Texas, p159-60
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p302

June 12 – near Laredo 1st Inf Lt Underwood – 4
Compilation Indian Engagements 1837-1866 AWC
Cos. H&K, 1st Inf.
2 enlisted men killed
2 enlisted men died of wounds
Fort Tour Systems, Inc. :
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Hutchinson John R. K 1 Inf. Private
DOWR-In Action Indians Laredo, thirty miles from Texas 06/16 1850
Wounded on 06/12.

Aug 16 – Nueces – Capt. McCown – 1
Abstracts Northern Standard and Red river District, Vol2, p178
On the 16th ult., Capt McCown with 21 men had a fight with
about 30 Indians on the Nueces.
Capt. McCown lost one man, J. M. Johnson killed.

Aug 20 – nr San Patricio – Ford’s Rangers – 2
The Legend of Josiah Wilbarger
John Wilbarger
He was killed by Indians on the Rio Grande River on August 20, 1850.
Private D. C. (Doc) Sullivan, Texas Rangers


Jan 25 – Arroyo Gato – Lt. Walker, Ford’s rangers – 1
Rip Ford’s Texas p 174-177
Walker’s Gato Fight
Our loss was one man wounded and one killed
Early Settlers and Indian Fighters in Southwest Texas 824
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad, p393
The Conquest of Texas: Ethnic Cleansing in the Promised Land, 1820-1875 p240
Date Jan 31, Four killed

Jan 27 – Nueces River – Lt. Burleson rangers – 2 The Federal Indian Policy in Texas 1845-1860 Rip Ford’s Texas 177-179 Baker Barton, a gallant soldier, received three mortal wounds and died on
his feet, holding
to the horn of his saddle. He knew not how to yield. William Lackey received
two or three wounds –one of them mortal.
Early Settlers and Indian Fighters in Southwest Texas 825 Descendants of William Baker Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p302 The Conquest of Texas: Ethnic Cleansing in the Promised Land, 1820-1875 p240

March 1 – near Ft Atkinson, Capt. Hoffman, 6th Inf. – 1
Actions with Indians 1851
1 March 1851 – Near Fort Atkinson, Nebraska (Captain W Hoffman)
Company D 6th Infantry – 1 killed

June 17 – betw Ft Gibs&Wash – Hollinger 5th Inf – 1
Early Settlers and Indian Fighters in Southwest Texas
Lieut. Hollibird, a United States dragoon, below Laredo

Sept 15 – San Saba – 1
Texas Rangers: Killed in the Line of Duty
Rangers in Military Service, (Minuteman & Mounted Volunteer Units),
1823 – 1874
Willis, Henry J. ——Pvt. Texas Mounted Volunteers
Killed in a Fight with Indians on the San Saba River, September 15, 1851.
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History
Willis, Henry J, Pvt. ( H E McCulloch’s Co.) – Sept 15 1851 –
San Saba River, Texas
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p302

Oct 21 – nr Ft Gibson – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army Donelly/Donnelly John B 7 Inf. Private DOWR


Febr – Fort Graham, Clear Fork – Capt Sibley and Koweaka – 1
Lambshead before Interwoven: A Texas Range Chronicle,
1848-1878, p15-17

March 25 – Brazos pvt Baker Ft Croghan – 1

Summer – Washita Mountains-expedition;Stewart – 2
Indian Depredations in Texas
Ezekiel Rowland and John Gray killed

Oct. 18 – nr Ft. Clark 1st Infr., A – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Porter Thomas 12/18 1851 New Orleans, LA Donegal Laborer 21.000
Grey Brown Fair 5′ 5 1/2″ A 1 Inf. Private Killed in Action Indians bet.
Ft. McIntosh & Ft. Clark Texas 10/18 1853 Killed while “en-route from
Fort Clarke [sic], Texas, escort to Public Team.” RR states he was on
escort duty to Ft. Clark and had left on 10/17.


March 12 – nr Ft Arbuckle – Col. Stein – 2
Chronological list of engagements between the regular army of
the United States and various tribes of hostile Indians
March 12, Near Ft. Arbuckle, Indian Territory. Co. B, 2nd Dragoons.
Lieut. A. B. Tree in command.
Officers killed, 1, Soldiers killed, 1.
Indians killed, 1.

May 9 – Lake Trinidad Lt Cosby Mounted Riflem. – 3
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Pendergast Geoffrey F Mounted Rifles Private Killed in Action Indians
Lake Trinidad Texas 05/09 1854

July 11 – nr San Diego Cpt. Van Buren – 1
Compilation of Army War College
Michael E. Van Buren  by Frank Wagner:

July or later nr Ft Chadbourne – 2
Fort Chadbourne:
In 1854, …
Later that year, Comanches caught two military mail carriers,
tied them to a tree and burned them.
The Frontier Army in the Settlement p66:
In 1856, two soldiers carrying the mail from Fort Chadbourne,
Texas, were captured, allegedly by Comanches; tied to a tree;
and burned to death

Aug. 4 – nr Camp Blake – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Doran James K 1 Inf. Private DOWR-
In Action Indians nr. Camp Blake Texas 08/05 1854
Wounded on 08/04.

Aug 19 – near Ft Laramie Lt. Grattan 6Inf – 31 Grattan massacre, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In Grattan’s party were a sergeant, a corporal, 27 privates and a
French-Native American interpreter named Lucienne Auguste; the military
forces had two artillery pieces in addition to arms.
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Collins Michael
Corney John
Cuddy John
Donohoe John
Fitzpatrick James
Murley Patrick
Murray Walter
O’Rorke / O’Rourke Patrick
Smith Thomas
Sweetman John
Flinn John
The First Sioux War: The Grattan Fight and Blue Water Creek, 1854-1856
The First Sioux War

Sept 5 – The Lobo – Capt Jones Mounted Rifles – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Calhoun David D Mounted Rifles Private Killed in Action Indians nr. Lobo on the
Rio Grande River Texas 09/05 1854

Oct. 3 – nr Limpia Mounted Rifles Capt. Walker – 1
Indian Fight in Texas The New-Orleans Picayune
Fort Davis, National Historic Site
He lost one man killed, and his lieutenant and the guide were dangerously wounded.
Battle of the Diablo Mountains, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Mid-winter 1854-1855 – Fort Duncan – discharged soldier – 1
The Reminiscences of Major General Zenas R. Bliss, 1854-1876:
From the Texas Frontier to the Civil War and Back Again, p29
Fort Duncan 1854-55
The man who had been killed was a discharged soldier
Memoirs of General Sheridan
About mid-winter a party of hostile Lipans made a swoop around and skirting the garrison,
killing a herder—a discharged drummer-boy—in sight of the flag-staff.

Sept 3 – Blue Water – Gen. Harney – 7
Compilation Indian Engagements 1837-1866, by Army War College
Blue Water or Ash Hollow, Nebr.; 2nd Dragoons, 4th, 6th and 10th Inf.
Killed: 7 enlisted men, and 5 wounded
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Carroll Thomas
Fitzpatrick Robert
McDonald Charles
Welsh / Walsh William
Second Dragoons, regimental Battles
September 3 – Blue Water or Ash Hollow, Nebraska. Co’s D, E, H, K, 2d Dragoons.
Finck, George; died September 6, 1855, of wounds received in action; rank: private.
Lyall, Alexander; died September 3, 1855, killed in action; rank: private.
McDonald, Charles; died September 3, 1855, from wounds received on Blue Water River killed
in action; rank: private.
Rider, Marshall V.; died September 3, 1855, missing in action, supposed killed; rank: private.
Welsh, William; died September 14, 1855, Fort Grattan, of wounds received in action; rank:
Blue Water Creek and the First Sioux War, 1854-1856, p105-07, 214

Oct. 1 – nr. Ft. Duncan, Lt. Davant – 1
The Alama Battalion
Lt William M. Davant, class of 1852, an Officer in the Texas Mounted Volunteers,
was killed during the Callahan Expedition on Oct 1, 1855.
His unit was ambushed by Lipan Apache Indians while crossing the Rio Grande near
Fort Duncan, TX
All fallen Alumni
William Davant 1855-10-01 Ft. Duncan, Tx. Indian Wars KIA


Dec 22 – Concho River Cpt. Johnson 2nd Cav., F. – 2
Senate Documents – Secretary of War
In this sharp conflict Bugler Campion and Private Lamb were killed by
arrow shots through the heart, and Sergeant Gardnier and Private McKim
slightly wounded.
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Lamb Timothy F 5 Cav. Private Killed in Action Indians Main Choncho
[sic] Texas 12/23 1856
Campion Ryan F 2 Cav. Bugler Killed in Action Indians Concho River Texas
12/22 1856


Jan 31 – nr Ft Lancaster – 8Inf – 4
Compilation of Army War College
Fort Davis Soldiers’ Roster:
Killed by Indians on mail escort on January 31, 1857
Condell, Samuel, Sgt. , H 8th Inf.
Gehl, Edward Pvt. G 8th Inf.
Smith, William Pvt. H 8th Inf.
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Condell Samuel H 8 Inf. Sergeant Killed in Action Indians Howard’s
Springs Texas 01/31 1857 2 “While on escort with the Express Mail from
Fort Davis to Fort Clark.”

Febr 13 – Kickapoo Creek – 2nd Cav. Serg. McDonald – 1
Senate Documents – Secretary of War
Sergeant Walter McDonald, with a small detachment of company
D, 2d cavalry, from camp Verde, Texas, vigorously pursued, and,
February 13, successfully attacked a party of hostile Indians —
killing four, and capturing all their animals.
Private Martin, of company D, 2d cavalry, died of the wounds then received.
Early Settlers and Indian Fighters in Southwest Texas
After the fight the wounded man Martin was carried to Fort McKavett, where
Dr. Nowlin and the post surgeon there did all they could for him, but he died
and was buried there.
The old Army in Texas: a research guide to the U.S. Army in nineteenth …‎
Pagina 142 Thomas T. Smith
On Kickapoo Creek near the head of the South Concho River the command
attacked the Indian camp.
Two soldiers were killed in action and one died of wounds. Two Indians were
killed and four Indians
were wounded.
Fort McKavett and Hill Country Frontier The Post on the San Saba
In February, Sergeant Walter McDonald and a detachment of Company D from
Camp Verde pursued
Comanche raiders to Kickapoo Creek near the south fork of the Concho River.
There, an attack left two soldiers and two Indians dead.
The weary cavalrymen reached Fort McKavett after midnight, and there a
wounded trooper by the name of John Martin died before dawn.
Guardians of the republic: a history of the noncommissioned
officer corps of p98
one private killed and the bugler severely wounded
Camp Verde: Texas Frontier Defense, 102
One private was mortally wounded, bugler severely wounded.

March 12 – Nr Chadbourne 1st Inf. – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontiuer Army
McAvoy Lawrence A 1 Inf. Corporal Killed in Action Indians nr.
Ft. Chadbourne Texas 03/12 1857

April 19 – Headwaters of Nueces Rv – 2 Cav., det. B – 0
Southwestern Historical Quarterly, The Texas Frontier, 1848-1861:
In April, 1857, Lieutenant Robert C. Wood, Second Cavalry, led a scouting
party from Port Inge to the head of the Nueces River in search of Indians…..
following day the command charged the Indian camp. The Indians fled, leaving
behind their entire camp equipment

July 20 – Devils River Hood – 2
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Barry William G 2 Cav. Private Missing, presumed dead Indians Devil’s River
07/20 1857 Ryan Thomas G 2 Cav. Private Killed in Action Indians Devil’s
River 07/20 1857

July 24 – between Fort Davis and Fort Lancaster – mail escort – 1
Senate Documents – Secretary of War
July 24, 1857. The mail escort of one sergeant and six privates of the 8th infantry,
commanded by Sergeant Schroeder, and a wood party of one sergeant and six
privates of the 1st infantry, commanded by Sergeant Libbey, having been attacked
at a place known as the Ripples, about twenty-five miles from Fort Lancaster,
on the road from that post to Fort Davis, Texas, by a body of from eighty to
one hundred Indians, and Sergeant Schroeder killed
Pecos Station
Indians gave up the fight, and the tired men trudged on to the fort, finally
stumbling in at three o’clock in the morning.
Fort Davis Soldiers’ Roster:
Scheider, Ernst Pvt. H 8th Inf. died/killed by
Indians at Pecos River 7/24/57

July 29 – Solomon’s Fork – Col. Sumner – 2
Cheyennes and Horse Soldiers: The 1857 Expedition and the Battle
of Solomon p199
The charge of the First Cavalry had brought casualties to the troopers
as well as to the Cheyennes.
Private George Cade, of G Company, was killed by an arrow that
pierced his heart and passed completely through his body.
Private Martin Lynch, of A Company, was also killed.

July 30 – Cimarron – Cpt. Garnett expedition – 1
Cheyennes and Horse Soldiers:
The 1857 Expedition and the Battle of Solomon p247
En route they met the eastbound mail from Santa Fe five or six miles
west of Fort Atkinson. The mail party told them Kiowa warriors
had killed the driver of Lt. Col. Joseph E. Johnston’s private ambulance
on July 30, while the survey expedition was working along the Cimarron


May 12 – Canadian River – 3
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History
Nickles, Robert, Pvt. (Ford’s Co.) – May 12, 1858 –
Little Robe Creek, nr. Canadian Rv., IT

Aug. 27 – Sabano Creek, Corp. Rutter – 1
Guardians of the republic: a history of the noncommissioned
officer corps of …p98-99
One cavalry man was killed and two horses wounded.
Two of the Indians were wounded and all of the stolen horses

Oct 1 – Rush Spring; Major Van Dorn – 4/5
SHQ – The Van Dorn Trails
A total of five cavalrymen lost their lives in the day’s encounter and a
number more were wounded.
Both Van Dorn and Ross survived their wounds, although their recovery
was not immediate.

Dec 27 – Elm Creek; Garland Militia – 2
294. The Report of Captain Garland and His Men. –
Loss: Killed, 1, Samuel Stephens; wounded, 1, John Barnes.
Peter Garland
John Barnes, who died of wounds suffered at the Indian Hole battle;
and Samuel W. Stephens, killed at the scene, the son of John Stephens,
an early settler for who Stephenville was named.


Febr 24 – Caddo Creek Lt Powell 1C – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Holland George E 1 Cav. Private DOWR-In Action Indians
Caddo Creek Indian Territory 02/26 1859 Wounded on 02/24
1st Regiment of Infantry
Lieutenant J. E. Powell, 1st Infantry, left Fort Arbuckle February 23
1859, with a detachment composed of men from Companies D and E,
1st Cavalry, and E, 1st Infantry, in pursuit of Comanche Indians.
He met and defeated them the next day, killing five, with a loss of three men
wounded, one mortally.

May 13 – Crooked River Captain Smith – 3/4
Without quarter: The Wichita expedition and the fight on Crooked Creek 124
Company H: Privates Peter Major and Jacob Echard killed,
Private Henry Howard missing, supposed to be killed.
Company A Corporal Joseph P. Taylor dangerously wounded.
Company F Sergerant P.E. Garrison mortally wounded since died

May 23 – Brazos Reservation – Baylor&volunteers – 2/5
Shelby and Young County page 34: 3
Buck Barry, Texas Ranger and Frontiersman p113
Contrary Neighbors, Southern Plains and Removed Indians in Indian Territory p164
.. the Indians managed to counterattack, killing about five of Baylor’s men…

Oct 28 – Sabinal & Leona; Davenport & Bowles – 2
Newspaper Articles Uvalde

Dec 27 – Ringgold – 2nd Cav. – 1


Febr 19 – Tom Milligan, sheriff Mason Co. – 1
Mason County War (Tx) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1860 the county’s first Sheriff, Thomas Milligan,[1] was killed by
Indians, and the settlers, both Anglo and German, banded together to hunt
down the hostiles.
Mason County Sheriff’s Department, Texas

March 23 – Uvalde Hoffmann – 1
The first Sheriff of Bandera County, Texas
The tombstone reads “Alexander Hoffmann, Killed by Indians in Uvalde Co. March 23, 1860 – First Sheriff Bandera Co.”

July nr Camp Verde – 1
A Day’s Ride from Here: Noxville, Texas, p44/45
A detachment of Company I (2nd Cavalry), at Camp Ives battled Comanches
on the north fork of the Guadalupe River on 14 December 1859.
In July 1860 Comanches killed a trooper from Camp Verde within five miles
of that post.

Aug 6 Cottonwood Creek 1st Cav., Major Sedgwick – 1/2 Comp. Indian Engagements 1837-1866, by Army War College 1st Cav., ABCDE&I; Maj. Sedgwick; wounded: 1 enl. Man
Colonel Robert Lee’s Report on Indians Combats in Texas The loss of the Cavalry was as follows: wounded, 1st Sergeant John O’Connell, privates Michael Wheelan and Gerard M. Beech, company B, 1st Cavalry; the former slightly, and the two latter severely;–missing, private Matthew Greene, company D, 1st Cavalry. Three friendly Indians were killed, and six horses killed and disabled. The Ranch at Walnut Creek Crossing Sturgis’ report stated 29 Indians were killed.
His losses: two Indian scouts killed; three soldiers wounded; one missing
The Comanchero frontier: a history of New Mexican-Plains Indian relations p130
..losing 2 troopers
People of the sacred mountain: a history of the northern Cheyenne …: Volume 1
Two of the soldier scouts were killed, and one mortally wounded. Sturgis reported that three enemies were killed and
Irish Deaths
Donlin? Edward C 1 Cav. Private Killed in Action Indians Republican Fork
Nebraska 08/02 1860

August 26-27 Clear Fork, Brazos River – 1 Comp. Indian Engagements 1837-1866, by Army War College 2nd Cav., B&C; Maj. Thomas; killed: 1 enlisted man; wounded: 1 officer & 4 enlisted men Colonel Robert Lee’s Report on Indians Combats in Texas Major George Thomas in Texas Wounded Chief Bugler August Hausser, Privates John Zito and Casper Siddel of the band; Privates Hugh Clark and William Murphy, Company D. Murphy died of his wound on Nov. 23, 1860. Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army Murphy William D 2 Cav. Private DOWR-In Action Indians Camp Cooper Texas

Aug 27 from Cp Colorado – 1 Colonel Robert Lee’s Report on Indians Combats in Texas On the 27th of August Corporal Rutter, of company B, 2nd Cavalry, with eight men of his company, and the guide Mr. Mulky, started from Camp Colorado in a heavy rain storm in pursuit of a party of Indians reported to have stolen some horses the night previous. After pursuing the trail through mud and water for about twenty-four hours the party upon swimming a creek, in which the riders were submerged nearly to their arm-pits, wetting their arms and ammunition–came suddenly upon the camp of five Indians, and charged them. The Indians retreated to a dense thicket, which was surrounded by the Corporal and his men, but owing to the condition of the arms their fire was very ineffective. The Indians apprised of the bad order of the arms by their continued snapping, made a dash towards the creek, killing private James Cunningham, broke through the party, swam to the opposite side, and effected their escape through the thickets on foot. Three of their number were badly wounded.

Dec Yellow Wolf Creek – Capt. Cureton – 1 Indian Depradations in Texas, by Wilbarger Captain Curiton’s Fight on Wolf Creek: James Lane approached the bush where the Indian was hidden, and stooped down to look under it. At that instant the Indian shot an arrow at him….. He lived but a few days. The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History Lane, James, Pvt. (Cureton’s Co.) – 1860 – Yellow Wolf’s Creek, near Colorado River Texas Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p311 Lane, James Martin, died 9 days later Palo Pinto Volunteers, 70 men under Capt. Cureton and 40 under Capt. Ross


Febr – Comanche County – McKenzie – 1
Indian Fights of the Texas Frontier
A Fight at the Town of Comanche and the Killing of Kenneth McKenzie.

May 29 – Uvalde Indian Fighters – 2
Chalk Bluff Indian Massacre
Here on May 29, 1861, two of southwest Texas’ most feared Indian fighters were
ambushed by a band of 20 hostile Indians. Henry Robinson– tall and red-bearded–
was so well known to the tribes that they had painted his picture on a rock near
the Llano River.
He and his companion Henry Adams (also his daughter’s fiance) were in route to
Camp Wood when the attack came.
The West Texas Frontier

July 26 – Little Wichita Rv; Crp Ehrenbreck – 2
1st Texas Cavalry Regiment
Ten men of company “C” under Crp. Ercanbrack engage approximately 50 Indians,
on the Little Wichita River 50 miles north of Camp Cooper, while guarding supply
wagons going to Camp Jackson. Battle lasted for 5 hours.
Two Indians killed, undetermined number of wounded.
Five horses, pvt. James McKee killed, 6 soldiers wounded.
The following story is from the book, Horse Sweat and Powder Smoke,
On June 26, a ten-men patrol from Company C led by cpl. Thomas J. Erkenbreck,
clashed with 41 Comanches …. James McKee and William Kelly later succumbed to wounds…. Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p313

July 29 – nr Cp Cooper – Tex Cav. – Capt. Barry – 3
Buck Barry Texas Ranger and Frontierman 136-138
We lost three killed in this fight, to wit, Thomas J. Weathersby, Lip Conley and Bud Lane.
1st Texas Cavalry Regiment
July 26, 1861
Capt. Barry and 32 men of company “C” maintain running fight for about 15 miles with
approximately 70 Indians in same location between camps Cooper and Jackson.
Indian casualties about 12. Privates Wetherby, Connelly and Lynn killed, 7 wounded. Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p313

Aug – Big Spring- Tex Cavalry – Capt. Burleson – 2
1st Texas Cavalry Regiment
Davidson and Carter Coke County, Texas
During 1861, Capt. Green Burleson of Bell County was in command of a company
at Fort Chadbourne. While on a scout at a point about three miles southeast of Big Spring,
the rangers charged a large band of Indians.
During the fighting, Green Davidson was killed.
One warrior was singled off to himself and some of the boys attempted to make him surrender.
When Private Carter approached the savage, this warrior thrust an arrow into Carter’s body
and killed him.

Oct – Medina Rv. – Rangers under Taylor Thompson – 1
The Settlers’ War: The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s 124/125
Thompson plus 14 men
One of Thompson’s men was killed, five wounded.

Oct 15 – Barosito Creek – Tex. Ca., Sgt. Barret – 3
War of Rebellion,33/34
October 11-16, 1861.-Operations against Indians from Fort Inge, Tex. Report of Sergt. W. Barrett, C. S. Cavalry, forwarded by Lieutenant John Bradley, C. S. Infantry. The same evening, about sunset, upon arrival in a small clearing, we were suddenly attacked by the Indians (Lipans) were in large numbers. It seemed to be a head camping ground. as soon as attacked the men unsung their carbines and prepared for action, gut upon attempting to dis- charge them not one in a half dozen would go off, although four or five caps were used on each piece; the arms and ammunition being completely unfit for use from the soaking they and received during the day. I may here say that it rained incessantly that day form sunrise until sunset. The men who could not use their carbines drew their sabers and commenced using them. Three men who happened to have dismounted engaged the Indians hand-t-hand, killing several. I am sorry to say that the three men were also killed; that, along with 1 man and 4 horses wounded, was the only loss on our side; on the Indian side, about 10 killed and several wounded.

Oct 20 – Lampassas – Capt. Cotton’s Co. – Lt Carter – 1
Bloody Battle Saw Two Killed Comanche Moon Strikes Fear
Indian Depredations in Texas, by Wilbarger Witcher and Carter During the year 1860 a scouting party, consisting of 8 or 10 men under Captain Cotton, left the town of Hamilton upon a scouting expedition The brave Lieutenant Carter fell, pierced with a dozen bullets, early in the engagement.
Robert Carter Lampasas County, Texas
The Daily Dispatch: November 19, 1861.,

Oct 19 – James Winters; volunteers – 1
Frio County Has a Colorful Histoy: Many Mexican war veterans were early settlers of Frio county, among them Benjamin Slaughter, William A. A. Wallace, James W. Winters, and James Winters. James Winters, a valiant San Jacinto veteran, was killed by Indians. See Texas Indian Fighters page 498-503 Oct. 19 1861 Brummett Pioneers Led Influential Lives James M. Winters (1830-1861), son of William C. Winters, was killed in a fight with about 25 marauding native Americans who had stolen 200 head of horses from local settlers.


Jan – near Fredericksburg – James Billings (Ranger) – 1
Ambush at Billings; Spring
Billins was a member of Caldwell’s command, and his partner in the stock business.
In January of 1862 Billings was ambushed by Comanche Indians and killed.

nr. Forestburg – Tottey company – Tulley – 1
The West Texas Frontier, by Joseph Carroll McConnell, Private Tulley
… they struck Private Tulley, who belonged to Capt. Tottey’s company, who had
been to Wise County on a furlough, and who was returning to camp with a deer
across his horse. When Pvt. Tulley reached a point where the present Forestburg
stores now stand, he was caught and killed.

nr. Bertram – Newton Murphy – 1
West Texas Frontier, Indian Fight About Nine Miles Southwest of Bertram in 1862
…Capt. John Barton, Newton Murphy, Jesse Calvert, Wm. Allen and approximately four
more were eating their lunch, when, to their surprise, fifteen savages began circling around
them and discharging their arrows. When Newton Murphy advanced to make a charge
against the Indians, he received a severe wound in one of his lower limbs.
… It became necessary to amputate New Murphy’s wounded limb. But this did not save
him, for he died about the second day after the battle.

Knickerbocker Confederate Cav. vs. Kickapoo – 16

North of San Saba – Ranger Linn – 1
Murders and Battles in San Saba and Llano Counties Wilbarger
1862 Ben Linn ranging service killed
Benjamin F. Linn San Saba County, Texas
The West Texas Frontier, by Joseph Carroll McConnell.

Oct 2 – Llano County, Cpt. Williams – 1/2
Captain John Williams and Ed King
October 14, 1861, Capt. John Williams and his cowhands were gathering cattle
for the Confederate army. While scouting in the northern part of Llano County
near the Llano-San Saba County line and passing through Babyhead Gap, Capt.
Williams became separated from his men. The Indians then came rushing off of
the mountain and made a charge. Ned, David and John Truman successfully made
their escape, but Ed King, riding a mule, was being killed.
So Capt. John Williams rushed to his relief, but he too, was soon killed and scalped.
Cherokee Cemetery , Texas the Famous Texas Ranger Capt. Johnny Williams 1792-1862
Babyhead Mountain
The Settlers’ War: The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s 125
Berry’s Creek Cemetery
1862 October 2

Nov 24 – South Pass – private, 11th Ohio volunteers – 1
Fort Laramie p200-201
But, when Indians suddenly attacked the cavalry detachment at Sweetwater Station on November 24, post commander Captain John A. Thompson responded by sending out fifty men of the Sixth Ohio from Fort Laramie to investigate.
“We were just beginning to think what a nice time we would have here this winter, wrote an Ohio sergeant, “but all our hopes were blasted yesterday . . . . and a damd [sic] cold ride it will be too.”
The raiders, reportedly about 150 Shoshonis, had attacked the nine-man detachment at the station during the night and killed one trooper before vanishing into the mountains.
…The soldier killed in action was Joseph Good.
The Burnt Ranch Saga, a History of the last crossing of the Sweetwater
Private Joseph Good, Co. B 11th Ohio


IT – Paymaster – 1
The Handbook of Texas Online
Bagby, George H. (ca. 1805–1863). Bagby enlisted in the Confederate
Army but was discharged from active duty because of his old age.
He later served as paymaster and traveled in 1863 Arkansas
to pay the Texas troops. On the return trip through Indian
Territory he was attacked and killed by Indians.

Febr. 12 or 13 – near Camp Brunson – Captain Ward – 1
The Settlers’ War: The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s, 133
One Company under Captain Joseph Ward was based at Camp Brunson in Clay County.
Lietenant Charles Lindsey took ten men and followed the trail 13 miles and found the
Indians hold up in some timber.
Ward wrote: the men being keen for a fight, they charged the Indians, but were repulsed,
with the loss of one man killed, Thomas G. Birdwell, one man slightly wounded, Beverly Lawrence…

April 3 – Sweetwater Station – Ohio Volunteers – 1
History Wyoming
On April 3rd a band of Indians attacked a post known as the Sweetwater Station.
The hostiles were well armed and made a furious assault, but they were finally driven
off after having dangerously wounded one soldier of Company L, Sixth Ohio Cavalry
Roster Ohio Troops
Company B, Ira Grossman: Died April 6, of wounds received on April 3 in action with Indians
at Sweetwater Bridge

May 3 – Erath County Militia – 1
Samuel Everitt Rogers
Grave of Samuel Everitt Rogers in Carlton, Texas: Surveyor
He had been part of the Texas Militia who helped guard the pioneers from Indians during
those trying times.
Indian Fights on the Texas Frontier
The Settlers’ War: The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s, 138

May 15 – nr. Verdrigris River – Mounted Cofederates – 18
Roster of Quantrill’s, Anderson’s and Todd’s Guerrillas
Harrison, Charley ‘Ki’ Quantrill KIA May 22 1863 by Osage Indians led by Big Hill
Joe at the Vardigris River near Humbolt, KS. Killed along side of Harrison were W.P
McClure, John Y. Yeater, John Henderson, J.B. Kimbaugh, and Edward West. Bat Mas-
terson said of Harrison, “He was the most brilliant pistol handlers I ever saw and far
more deadly shot than most of the great gunfighters
Rocky Mountain News (Denver, CO), Date: Thursday, June 18, 1863
Bushwhackers Killed by the Osages
Guerrilla Warfare in Civil War Missouri, Volume II, 1863, Volume 2
Group of Confederates under Col. Charles Harrison
On May 15 this band of 20 rebels in Union uniforms riding west encountered a group of Osages
east of the Verdigris River.
..Soon 200 angry Osages rode in pursuit and eventually overwhelmed the rebels in and near a
sandbar of the Verdigris River in desperate fighting, sometimes hand to hand.
The victorious Osages scalped and decapitated the dead rebels, unaware that Colonel Warner
Lewis and an another rebel named John Rafferty crawled away along the river bank and made
good their escape

After May – Confederate officers killed by Osages – 2
A history of the Osage people p263-64
…later in the war, five Osages tracked down and killed 2 Confederate officers on the same
kind of mission in Southeastern Colorado

June 13 – Capt. Scanland Sqd. – 1
Wells’ Battalion Roster
Lawrence, Rensford, enlisted 20 April 63 at Camp Boluxi by Capt Scanland
A Pvt in Co A Scanland’s Sqd.
KIA in engagement with Kiowas 13 June 1863 Washita Mountains
Civil War Soldiers – Confederate – TX

June 23 – Pawnee Agency 2NebrC – 2
June 23, 1863. — Attack on Pawnee Agency, Nebr.
Report of Capt. Henry L. Edwards, Second Nebraska Cavalry.
.. I have the honor to report that the Sioux (supposed to be Brules) attacked the agency
yesterday, killing several Pawnees and wounding myself. I ordered First Lieut. Henry Gray
to follow them with 36 men, and, if practicable, to attack them. After pursuing about 50 of
them for about 15 miles, he came upon about, 400 or 500 drawn up in line ready to receive
him, and upon being assured that the Pawnees, who were with him, 300 or 400 strong, would
fight with him, he threw out some skirmishers, when the Sioux opened upon them with rifles,
killing Sergt. Joseph Dyson, and mortally wounding Private George Osborn;

July 28 (or 19) – Paint Creek det.Co.H – Capt. N. B. Loydd – 1
Buck Barry Texas Ranger and Frontierman 151-52:
The Indians were quick to see their advantage and began firing.
Sergeant Collins was killed and privates Tankersley, Howard, Hester
and Powers were wounded
The West Texas Frontier, Lewis Collins Murdered While Fighting Indians
William Lewis Collins
William Lewis Collins (b. 1840, d. 01 Aug 1863)
..died 01 Aug 1863 in Fort Bleknap, Texas.
Texas Ranger/ He was a Sargent / in camp July 1863
The Settlers’ War: The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s, 146
Frontier Defense Texas Rangers and Rebels, p54
An example is a scout undertaken by Capt. MB Lloyd, who left from Camp Colorado with
seven men on July 19.
His patrol traveled up the Clear Fork of the Brazos for five days and, after finding Indian signs,
journeyed to Camp Cooper for supplies and reinforcements.
Bolstered by the addition of eight men from that post, Lloyd and his men returned to that area,
and as expected came upon a party of Indians equal to the number of Texans

The rangers surprised their foes, and a sharp fight on horseback ensued, leaving one Texan killed,
four wounded and the Indians in flight.
Texas Lawmen 1835-1899, p394

Aug – nr Ft Belknap – ONeill – 1
The West Texas Frontier, Spencer O’Neill and Geo. Tackett
It was, perhaps, during the month of August, 1863, that Spencer O’Neill
and Geo. Tackett, (who belonged to Company G, then stationed at Belknap,
and commanded by Capt. Newt White) were detailed to perform “Pataroll duty”
from Fort Belknap to Camp Salmon…..
Spencer O’Neill was killed about nine o’clock in the morning, and Geo. Tackett
safely reached Belknap
The Settlers’ War: The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s, 153

September? 13 – 1
On September 23, The Galveston Weekly News of Texas reported: In Erath county, about ten days since, they murdered Mr. John Woods, a soldier at home on sick furlough, and his brother-in-law, young Mills…. The Settlers’ War: The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s, 154 John Wood soldier then on furlough living on the Paluxy River; hogs hunting with Mills

October – Montague County, Lt. Roberts – 1
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p315
Roberts, Isaac Van
In October 1863, Company E, a Border Battalion of the Frontier Regiment
under the command of F. M. Captain Totty, was stationed at Camp Brushy near
the present-day town of Forestburg in Montague County.
Lieutenant Robert and his eight rangers took an Indian trail and came upon the Comanches.
Robert dismounted, but his men did not.
After they exhausted their ammunition supply, the rangers retreated on horseback.
Roberts could not escape. He was hit by several arrows, killed and scalped.
The West Texas Frontier, by Joseph Carroll McConnell
The Settlers’ War: The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s, 157

Dec 23 Montague Captain Rowlands – 4
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History
Unknown Ranger (Co G, Front Reg) – Dec 23, 1863 – Potter’s settlement, Cooke County
Unknown Ranger (Co G, Front Reg) – Dec 23, 1863 – Potter’s settlement, Cooke County
Unknown Ranger (Co G, Front Reg) – Dec 23, 1863 – Potter’s settlement, Cooke County
Unknown Ranger (Co G, Front Reg) – Dec 23, 1863 – Potter’s settlement, Cooke County
Big Raid into Montague and Cooke Counties
Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas
The soldiers seen were Capt. Rowland’s with that part of his company that was with him the day before, and that part of Capt. Patton’s Company that had joined them the night before at Wallace’s as already related.
Before the fence was reached three men were killed and several others were wounded.
Mr. Green, of Capt. Pollard’s Company, also another man, whose name is not remembered, were killed. Mr. Pollard, an officer in Rowland’s Company, was severely wounded, having four arrows shot into his back, which were pulled out by Capt. Rowland after the men had reached the inside of the field, but the spikes from some of the arrows were left in his body. S.B. Potter, a son of Capt. Potter, was also wounded in the head by an arrow that struck the skull and then turned to one side
Frontier defense in the Civil War: Texas’ Rangers and rebels


Burnet Cy – Cpt. McGill – Murphy killed – 1
Indian Depredations Wilbarger
Ranger Captain McGill heard savage yells about a mile distant. Repairing to the spot,
he found that Captain Allen, who also commanded a ranging company, had engaged
the enemy. McGill joined in the fight. He was wounded in the engagement, and a man
by the name of Murphy killed.

April 12 – Fremont’s Orchard – 2
War of the Rebellion, 34-1, p 883-84:
Rep. Lt C Dunn, 1 Colorado Cav:
My command with me and engaged in the skirmish
with the Indians, numbered only 15 men, of whom 4
men were wounded, 2 mortally and 2 severly.
The Sand Creek Massacre p 40
killed: J. G. Brandly and A. J. Baird (arrow wounds).
Deaths: Colorado Territory Civil War Volunteers
Brandly John G Private
Died 15 Apr 1864 at Camp Sanborn CT from wounds received in action with Indians
near Fremont Orchard CT 12 Apr 1864
Beard Andrew J Private
Died on 15 Apr 1864 at Camp Sanborn CT from wounds received in action near
Freemont Orchard CT 12 Apr 1864

April 15 – Medina County Reuben Smith – 1
Reuben C Smith
1864: Texas State Trooper in Medina County: Capt. Geo. Robbins
Co., 3rd Frontier District Company A

May 3 – Cedar Bluffs – 1
War of the Rebellion, 34 -1, p 907
Reports of Major Jacob Downing, First Colorado Cavalry:
Had a fight with the Cheyennes to-day. Killed about 25 Indians,
wounded about 35 or 40 more. Lost 1 man killed and 1 wounded.
Deaths: Colorado Territory Civil War Volunteers
Isner Samuel E Private Killed in action with Indians at Ceader Bluff CT May 12 1864

May 16 – Smokey Hill; Lt. Eary, 1st Colorado Cav. – 4
War of Rebellion, 34-1, p935:
Report of Lieutenant George S. Eayre, McLain’s Colorado Battery:
I have the honor to inform you that on the 16th instant, when within
3 miles of the Smoky Hill, I was attacked by the Cheyenne Indians,
about 400 strong, and after a persistent fight of seven and one-half
hours succeeded in driving them from the field. They lost 3 chief
and 25 warriors killed; the wounded I am unable to estimate. My
own loss is 4 men killed and 3 wounded. .

July – Fort Larned – 1
Mrs. Dorothy Fields Satanta began by leading a raid into the vicinity of Menard, in west Texas, where he and his warriors killed several whites and captured a Mrs. Dorothy Field. Returning to Fort Larned, the Kiowas held a scalp dance to celebrate the raid. When it ended, the Koiet-senko leader Satank and another Indian wandered over to the post, where they were warned away by the sentry. Not understanding, they continued on. The soldier raised his rifle, but before he could fire Satank shot two arrows into him and the other Kiowa fired a pistol. Soldiers and Indians both panicked; the Kiowas jumped on their horses, and the garrison rushed to prepare a defense. Plains Indian raiders, p10, July 17

July 15 – near Fort Belknap – Lane – 1
The West Texas Frontier Alfred Lane Palo Pinto County, Texas
Alf Lane had been a member of Company G of the Frontier Regiment.
… was ambushed and killed by Indians.

July 19 – Cheyenne Fork, 11th Ohio – 1
History of Wyoming
Captain Marshall of Company E, Eleventh Ohio Cavalry, left Fort Laramie
in pursuit of a band of Indians who had run off some stock belonging to emigrants.
The hostiles were chased north of the Platte and they were encountered near the
spring spoken of.
A fight ensued and Lieutenant Brown was wounded with an arrow and fell from
his horse. This was in the evening and Brown was supposed to have been
killed. The next morning, the troops being camped at the spring, a party was
sent out to bring in Lieutenant Brown’s body, and much to their astonishment
they found him live but dangerously wounded.
They brought him into camp, but he died during the day and was buried at the
Indian Fights, by Vaughn, p 7-9:
Fort Laramie p240-41
Roster of Ohio Troops

Aug – First Col. Cav. – 2/4
War of Rebellion, 41-1, p237-238
Numbers 1. Report of Major Edward W. Wynkoop, First Colorado Cavalry.
Fort Lyon, Col. Terr., August 13, 1864.
A few days before that two men of Company A were murdered while out alone;
two men of Company E while at Camp Wynkoop are supposed also to have been murdered.

Aug 9 – Ellison Springs Cpl Head – 3
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History
Unknown Ranger (Co I, 2nd Front Dist) – Aug 9, 1864 – Ellison Springs Eastland County
Texas Lawmen 1835-1899, p318
Tom Gilbert, civilian volunteer, also killed

Aug 12 – Little Blue 7th Iowa Cav. – 2
Iowa 7th Cav. Keokuk County History:
Companies A and C took a tilt with five hundred Cheyenne’s on
Little Blue River, August 12, 1864, fighting from eleven o’clock in the
forenoon until seven in the evening, with a loss of only two men.

August 14 – Betw. Camp Fillmore and Fort Lyon – 1st Col. C. – 2/3
Fate Worse than Death page 130-132
(Between Camp Lyon and Denver)
John Snyder, Company E, 1st Colorado Cavalry, talked the quartermaster into
letting him an ambulance for a 200-mile trip to pick up his wife.
A teamster named Bennet, and possibly a soldier, Joel H. Dyer, of Company F,
accompanied them………..
On August 14, they were attacked by a band of more than forty Arapahoes led
by Little
Raven’s son…
The Sand Creek Massacre, Timeline Summer 1864
Series I, Volume XLI, Part II
Camp Fillmore, August 18, 1864.
Report Isaac Grey
Affairs are very exciting in this locality, caused by Indian difficulty. Yesterday I found,
some eight miles below here, the dead bodies of three men who had been murdered by
Indians on Sunday last. There was a woman along and probably carried off in captivity,
as no trace could be found of her. I may add that I sent out scouts in all directions
endeavoring to find all that I could in relation to the matter. I also found one Government
wagon (six-mule) and one ambulance, which I brought with me.
There was in the wagons some household furniture, probably belonging to the family that
composed the party, the names of which as far as I can learn are Bennett, a teamster,
Snyder, a Government blacksmith in the employ of Lieutenant Cossitt, and Colonel Boone,
says that Dyer, of Company F, and his wife were along.
I do not know whether they were or not.

Aug 15 – Elk Creek 1st Nebraska – 2
War of Rebellion, Vol 41-2,762
Incidents of the Indian Outbreak of 1864 Freighting on the Plains Plum-Creek
…..August 19, 1864, General Mitchell described the battle of August 15, on Elk Creek, ..:
Captain Murphy has just returned from the Blue. Undertook to go from the Blue to the Republican. Got as far as Elk Creek. Met 500 well-armed Indians; had a fight; killed 10 Indians and lost 2 soldiers.
First Battalion Nebraska Veteran Cavalry
Massacre Along the Medicine Road: A Social History of the Indian War of 1864 …p216
Post returns Ft. Kearny – Pvt. John Creek killed at Elk Creek

Aug 16 – Smokey Hill Crossing – 4
Appended Compilation
Det H, 7th Iowa Cv., attacked
War of Rebellion 41-1,p263-64:
Report of Major General James G. Blunt:
I am just in receipt of intelligence from Salina, that on the 16th
instant seven men of Company H, Seventh Iowa Cavalry, en
route to Smoky Hill Crossing, were attacked by a party of Indians
estimated from 100 to 300.
Four of the party were killed, the other three made their escape and
came into Salina.
Adjdant’s Report
7th Iowa Cavalry, Company H
John Bowen
William McVay
William Stewart
Thomas Turner

Sept 13 – Salt Creek Prairi – Lt. Peveler – 1
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History
Peveler, William R, Lt (Co G, Front Reg) – Sept 22, 1864 –
Salt Creek Prairie, Young County, Tex.
DOW inflicted Sept 13, 1864 – died at Flag Springs Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad p318

Sept 15 – Young County; Sheriff Cox – 1
Sheriff Harvey Staten Cox Obituaries-L Archives
Young County Sheriff’s Department, Texas
Age: 25
Date of Incident: Thursday, September 15, 1864
Sheriff Harvey Cox was killed when he and four other officers
came across a tribe of American Indians. Sheriff Cox told the
other men to leave. As the officers were leaving Sheriff Cox
got his horse to run, and left at full speed, but he forgot
to untie the horse from the tree and was thrown from the horse.
He was killed at the scene by members of the tribe.

Sept 18 – nr Ft. Cottonwood – 4
War of Rebellion 41-1, 246:
Report Lt Flanagan:
A party of 8 soldiers was sent out today to look for plums for sick
in hospital : whilst on duty they were surprised by a party of Indians
sixty to seventy in number; four of them were killed, and their bodies
found next day mangled in a horrible manner;
… the men belonged to the Seventh Iowa
North Platte and Cottonwood Spring and Fort McPherson
Adjdant’s Report Casualties Iowa Regiments
Bluford Starkey Company F
John Anderson’s Company C
William Mosier ,,
“Thus Does Glory Fade”: A History of Fort McPherson and Fort Hartsuff, 62
Privates John Anderson And William R Morair were killed 18 September 1864 in action.
Later Private Edwin W. Beutz lost his life in action 19 September 1864.
The post returns do not expand upon the cause of their deaths, Louis Holmes
claimed that these men were all ambushed in the same action near the fort,

Sept 25 – Pawnee Fork – 2
War of Rebellion 41-1,p818:
Report of Major General James G. Blunt:
Major Anthony had followed the first party of Indians up the creek about six
miles (the Indians all the time increasing in force), when he found himself over-
whelmed by numbers. He then attempted to send messengers back to me and
commenced to fall back. The messengers were cut off by the Indians and did not
reach me. My loss is 1 killed, 1 missing (supposed to be killed), and
7 wounded. We found 9 dead Indians
Fighting Cheyennes, by G Grinnell, p 162

Oct 6 – Elk Creek – Lt Bruner 1st Nebr – 1
War of Rebellion 41-1,p830:
October 6, Captain T. B. Stevenson, Nebraska militia, again moved in
southerly direction up Elk Creek, with twenty-five men, expecting to join
First Lieutenant Bremer, of his company, from Little Blue Station, with a
similar number of men. First Lieutenant Bremer was ambushed by Indians,
himself killed
Nebraska Militia, First Regiment Company A
First Lieut. F. J. Bruner, age 28, killed in a skirmish with Indians on
Elk Creek, Neb., Oct. 7, 1864.
Fort Laramie p257-58

Oct 13 – Bragg Ranch, Ft Murray – Tex Border Reg – 5
The Texas Rangers: A Registry and History
Blue, Erastus, Pvt (Co D, Border Reg) – Oct. 13, 1864 – Bragg Ranch Young County
Jones, Sim, Sgt (Co D, Border Reg) – Oct. 13, 1864 – Bragg Ranch Young County
Neatherey, Robert, Pvt (Co D, Border Reg) – Oct. 13, 1864 – Bragg Ranch Young County
Snodgrass, Henry I, Pvt (Co D, Border Reg) – Oct. 13, 1864 – Bragg Ranch Young County
Walker, JG, Pvt (Co D, Young Border Reg) – Oct. 13, 1864 – Bragg Ranch Young County

Oct. 13 – Miller’s Station – 1st Nebraska – 2
War of Rebellion 41-1,p830, 842
… Captain H. H. Ribble, commanding at Mullahla’s, also sending out fifteen
men to join Captain Ivory on Plum Creek.
Captain Ribble’s detachment met sixty Indian warriors; 2 or our men
killed instantly; seven succeeded in reaching Plum Creek; the other six
being cut off by forty warriors, dismounted and fought their way back to
Mullahla’s Station, sheltering themselves behind their horses.
Andreas’ History of the State of Nebraska Official Roster
First Regiment of Nebraska Veteran Volunteer Cavalry Company I
Jackson, Lewis C killed in action near Miller’s Ranch, Nebraska, Oct. 13,1864.
Kelley, Samuel killed in action near Miller’s Ranch, Nebraska, Oct. 13, 1864.
Fort Laramie p258

Oct 20 – Bluffs South of Platte Rv (?) – 1
The Winter Campaign that never happened
Major J. Nelson Smith was killed in action in battle of Little Blue, 21st of October 1864

Nov 22 – nr Ft Zarah (Kiowas?) – 1
Fort Zarah Barton County, Kansas
George L. Gardener, private 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry,
unassigned recruit, was killed by the Indians near Fort
Zarah on November 22, 1864.
War of the Rebellion, 41-1,934

Nov 25 – Adobe Walls – Col. Carson NM&Cav – 2/5
First Battle of Adobe Walls
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
As it was, Carson lost six dead and twenty-five wounded, including one Indian scout
killed and four wounded,

Nov 29/30 – Sand Creek 3rd Colorado Vol. – 15-24
The Notorious Fight At Sand Creek
There was also sporadic fighting the next day (November 30),
with two soldiers and perhaps a dozen Indians being killed.
In the two days of fighting, Chivington’s force suffered 54
casualties–14 troopers killed and 40 wounded
History: Colorado Territory Civil War Volunteers
Troop losses amounted to seven killed and forty-seven wounded of whom seven died
later with one missing.
Michno, Battle at Sand Creek, p. 241
Although initial reports indicated 10 soldiers killed and 38 wounded, the final tally was 4 killed and 21 wounded in the 1st Colorado Cavalry and 20 killed or mortally wounded and 31 other wounded in the 3rd Colorado Cavalry; adding up to 24 killed and 52 wounded

Dec 4 – Cow Creek; 7th Iowa Cav. – 1
War of the Rebellion, 41-1, 981
Rep. Cp T Conkey:
Four men of the 7 Iowa Cav, forming an escort to a six mule
team and wagon loaded with ammunition for this post,were
attacked by Indians while in camp on Cow Creek, fifteen miles
east of this post, and the driver killed, and one of the escort wounded
in the arm
The Winter Campaign that never happened
Plains Indian Raiders p16-17:


Jan 7 – Julesburg Iowa Volunteers – 19
The Great Indian Offensive; January and February 1865
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, p17-20

January 8 Dove Creek Captain Fosset – 26 -35
The Handbook of Texas, Volume 1‎ – Pagina 517Walter Prescott Webb,
Texas State Historical Association – 1976
In a desperate battle the Texans were defeated, losing thirty-six killed
Kickapoos: Lords of the Middle Border, p205
The surprise of the attack stunned the warriors momentarily, but recovering quickly, they
scooped up their weapons and retreated to the brush-choked ravines back of their camp.
Their modern, long-range rifles took a deadly toll among the troopers; in a matter of minutes
their withering fire had cut down thirty of Totten’s men, including four officers.
After a half-hour of close fighting, the Confederate line broke, and many of the Texans ran to
their horses in panic.
The Kickapoos counterattacked on foot and pulled several soldiers “from their saddles and
slew them with demoniac fury”.
Fossett’s line wavered after capturing the horseherd, and a Kickapoo force flanked his troops,
recaptured the horses, and killed several of his confused troopers.
A “scattering fire was exchanged until dark”, when the Texans retreated to safety on the ridges
to the east of the Indian camp.
Their the officers counted their casualties and discovered that the Kickapoo sharpshooters had
slain 26 Texans, and critically wounded 60 others, and shot down 65 of their mounts.
The Battle of Dove Creek, the Battle that should not have been
In all the two forces suffered 25 were killed and 60 wounded, many of which died later during
a bitterly cold march back through deep snow.

Jan 20 – nr Fort Larned – 1
War of Rebellion, 48-1, 57-58:
… sutler trains destined for Fort Lyon, which left Fort Larned on the 17th day of
January, 1865, with an escort of twenty-five First Veteran Cavalry of Colorado and
six men of the Second Colorado Cavalry, were attacked by a party of Indians when
three days this side of Fort Larned. Our loss was 1 man killed and 2 wounded, viz: Private Fields, Second Colorado
Cavalry, killed;
Robert F, Cole, Company A, First Veteran Cavalry of Colorado, severely wounded;
Private Donahue, Second Colorado Cavalry, severely wounded.
The Winter Campaign that never happened
January 20, 1865: Private C. Boucher, co.”M”, wounded in action near Fort Larned.

Jan betw 22&27 – nr Julesburg – 3
Official Records
No. 3. Report of Lieutenant Albert Walter, Second Colorado Cavalry. February 1, 1865.
The 23rd I received a telegram dated January 21, 1865, from headquarters, Denver, Colo. Ter., to escort an ox train to Living Spring. I left Julesburg the 24th of January to comply with said telegram, and proceeded to Gillett’s ranch, nine miles west of Julesburg, where I found the owner of the train. His cattle were captured two days before by the Indians. Immediately after my arrival I sent a party after them with one guide, with orders to return before dark in camp and not to stray away from each other. Five returned with the guide, bringing twenty-two head of stock with them; three of my men were missing. Early in the morning of the following day I sent out another party, with two guides, in search of the three missing. After a careful search during that day returned without them. The names of the missing men are Peter Brine, Frank. Thompson, and Ed. Kelso.
The Great Indian Offensive; january and february 1865:
..a company from 2nd Colorado cavalry under command of
2nd Lieutenant A. Walter.
Walter met Indians several time during the march. His pickets were fired at etc.
January 22. Walter reached Julesburg, and was send to chase Indians who had stolen
lot`s of cattle in the area. Some cattle was recovered, but during the search three
soldiers went missing, probably killed by Indians.

Jan/Febr – 2/9
Genocide on the Great Plains, by James Horsley
One day a party of raiding Cheyennes came across nine men
who had been discharged from Chivington’s command. They were
returning home. The Cheyennes killed them all
Death on the Prairie: The Thirty Years’ Struggle for the Western Plains, 67
Life of George Bent Written from His Lettersp 180-181
During these raids, a war party of Young Cheyennes ran across nine of Chivington’s men
who had taken part in the Sand Creek affair and ha d recently been discharged, as their term
of service had expired, and they were now on their way to the States.
These men were all killed by the Cheyennes, and after the fight the Indians found in their valises
two Indian scalpes who were at once recognized as those of White Leaf and Little Wolf
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865
About this time, Little Bear and Touching Cloud and a number of other Cheyenne came upon
two discharged soldiers riding a wagon.
After the riders killed them they found two scalps.

Febr 1 – nr Fort Zarah – 1
Appended Compilation:
Fatigue party fr Co.C, 2 Color. Cav, fired upon by Indians
War of Rebellion, 48-1, 75:
… mortally wounding, one pvt, S. Dutton, of Co. C, Second Col. Cav
Fort Larned/Fort Riley Road

February 4-6 Mud Springs, and 8-9 Rush Creek; 11th Ohio & 7th Iowa – 3-5
Circle of fire page 37-44
Collins’ first chore was to make out his report of the expedition.
He stated his own losses at three killed, sixteen wounded, and seven disabled from
frostbite suffered during his night marches.
He estimated the total Indian loss in all engagements to be between 100 and 150,
which varied markedly from George Bent’s later recounting of no dead and two
wounded – the Cheyenne Yellow Nose and a Sioux.
page 44
One of the first to spread the news of Collins’ victory back East was the
colonel’s son, Caspar.
In a written letter to his mother, published in the Columbus, Ohio, High
Land Weekly News, Caspar wrote:
…. of the “terrible eleventh” with a loss of only two killed and fifteen
or so wounded.
Two of the wounded has since died
The Battles of Mud Springs and Rush Creek
Febr. 7 : Pvt. John Harris Co. D 7th Iowa and Pvt. William Hartshorn Co. C 11th Ohio.
War of Rebellion, 48-1, 92-97
Nebraska Indian Battles & Massacres
Collins did not continue the pursuit of the Indians, and on February 10, began the journey back to Fort Laramie. Collins reported two men killed and nine wounded with another 10 men suffering frostbite.
Battle of Rush Creek, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bent tells an equally detailed story of a third soldier, a courier, being killed.

Febr. 13 – La Prelle, DT., – 11th Ohio – 1
Rinehart, Levi M.: Captain, 11th Ohio Cavalry co.”G”. Killed by Indians at La Bonta Station,
february 13th 1865.
Capt. Rinehart was killed in a skirmish with some Cheyenne Indians on the North Platte,
near Deer Creek, on the morning of the 13th of February, 1865, meeting his death as
becomes a brave soldier in the lead of his party.”
Bretney, who had succeeded to command of Company G on February 13 when its captain,
Levi M. Rinehart, had been accidentally killed by a drunken trooper during a skirmish, was
not on good terms with Anderson.
Levi M Rinehart
Appointed Captain on 29 May 1863.
Killed By Indians Near LaPrelle Creek, Dakota Territory on 13 February 1865.
See Additional Unit: Company E, 60th Ohio Infantry (1 Year)
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865
On Febr. 13, at La Prelle Creek, west of Ft. Laramie, the men of company G, 11th Ohio
skirmished with Sioux warriors, losing their commander, Capt. Levi M. Rinehart

March 8 – nr. Poison Creek, Pvt. Phillip W. Roads – 1
Eye of the blackbird: a story of gold in the American West 128
March – between Sweetwater Station and Platte Bridge Station
Attack of Arapahoes on supply wagon.
Private Phillip W. Roads killed
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, p54
On march 8, near Poison Creek, Arapahoes attacked Pvts. William T. Kame and
Philip W. Rhodes of Company G, (11th Ohio Volunteers), when they were driving a wagon from Platte
Bridge to Sweetwater Station.
In a running fight they killed Rhodes, but Kame kept on driving his team, returning
the raider’s fire until dark.
Roster of 11th Ohio Troops

March 12 – nr Fort Halleck – 1
Soldiering on the High Plains,The Diary of Lewis Byram Hull, 1864-1866:
Nr Ft Halleck, Wyo, 7 Iowa Cv, D
Mar. 12, Snowing considerably, but pleasant. Indians killing
all the stock.
Captain Rinehart killed by them.

March 28 – Fort Marshall, 11th Ohio – 1
Roster of 11th Ohio Troops
Holmes, Patrick; killed March 28, 1865, in action with Indians at Fort Marshall

Spring – Home Guard under Captain Mitchell & deserters – 1
Jose Policarpo Rodriguez
So I went back to my home and joined the “Home Guards.”
We elected one of my neighbors, a Mr. Mitchell, captain. It was our business to defend the neighborhood from the wild Indians and to
keep down the disorderly element at home.
..On one occasion, when camped on the head waters of the Llano, we found
two men who had been starving for nine days.
…They had deserted the Confederate service out West and were traveling together when they came unexpectedly into an Indian camp.
The Indians fired on them and killed one of their number.
The other two left everything and fled into the brush, and so escaped, and
had been wandering for nine days ..

April 21 – LaPrelle, DT., 11th Ohio – 1
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, p56-57
As Spring blossomed raiding became more frequent.
On April 21, Pvt. John Donjon of the 11th Ohio lost his life in a fight with Indians
on La Prelle Creek, and the new Kansas troops had their first skirmish shortly thereafter.
Roster of Ohio Troops
Donovan, George, killed April 21, 1865, in action with Indians at Laperelle

April 23 – Camp Marshall, 11th Kansas – 1
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, p56-57
On April 23, Pvt. L. E. Timmons died in an exchange of fire with a party of Indians at
Camp Marshall.

May 13 – Dan Smith’s Ranch near Julesburg – 1
WoR: 48-1, 27
Report of Captain George F. Price, Second California Cavalry
Julesburg, May 13, 1865
Twenty or thirty Indians attempted to run off stock this morning at Dan Smith’s. Troops fought them all morning.
Galvanized Yankees: 33
Andreas’ History of the State of Nebraska, Official Roster
Com. Sergt. Hiram Creighton, killed in a fight with Indians at D. Smith’s Station, Neb., May 12, 1865.
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, p58

May 18 – Elm Creek Station – 2
Galvanized Yankees, by D. Brown; p36-39:
In a matter of seconds, two soldiers were dead, six wounded.
Pvt W. Mers, Co C
War of the Rebellion, 48-1, 273-74, 283-84:
Rep. Lt W Bartlett, 3 US. Vol:
.. on the 18instant was attacked by Indians and lost 2 men killed and 6 wounded
History Wyoming
On the 18th of the same month Indians attacked a detachment of men en route to Fort Kearney.
Two of the soldiers were killed and six wounded.
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, p59

May 21 – Deer Creek Station – 11th Kansas Cav. – 1
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, p59
Wyoming Battles
In the first battle, some 25 warriors came into conflict with Lieutenant W.B.
Godfrey of Company D and 3 soldiers about three miles above the Deer Creek
Station. After a brisk two-hour fight the men succeeded in repulsing their attackers,
due to their superior weapons, without suffering casualties. However, two of the
warriors were killed and another four wounded.
On the same day, another band of 50 warriors besieged the camp of a Sargent Smythe
and six of his men. After two and a half hours the soldiers prevailed, once again due
to their superior weapons. However, the warriors made off with about 26 cavalry horses.
The Indians lost 3 warriors and 5 were wounded. One soldier was killed.
War of the Rebellion, 48-1, 164, 286:
Rep. Cp G. Price, 2 Cal Cv:
Cl Plumb gave them chase with 30 men….
One soldier killed
11th Regiment Kansas Volunteers–Cavalry Company A
Private Glidden George W.
Killed in action May 2, 1865, Dacotah Territory.

May 20 – Pawnee Rock, 2nd Col. Cav. – 1
War of the Rebellion, 48-1, 286:
Affair nr Pawnee Rock, Kans
…a party of Indians attacked two men coming from Ft Larned
to this post, killing one man of the 2 Colorado Cav by the name of
The Pike’s Peakers and the Rocky Mountain Rangers
Kuhn, Joseph, from Company A 3rd Colorado Infantry killed May 20

May 28 – Elkhorn, 11th Ohio – 1
Roster of Ohio Troops
Curless, Alfred, killed May 28, 1865 in action with Indians at Elkhorn

June/July – betw. Sweetwater and South Pass stations, Co., I, 3rd US. Vol. – 1
Galvanized Yankees, 50
Regt. Muster Rolls and Record of Events May-Nov 1865
Report Captain Lybe of Co., I.
Garrison of Sweetwater had fight under Sergeant William Moody, with one killed
and one wounded

June 3 – Dry Creek – 2
War of the Rebellion, 48-1, 305-06
…two pvt’s, W Bonwell, Co F, 11 Kansas, and Stahlnecker Co G, 11 Ohio Cavalry,
were killed
Report of First Sergt. Samuel B. White, Eleventh Ohio Cavalry.
History of Wyoming
One-half of Colonel Plumb’s force had fallen behind on account of their horses being
unable to keep up. The Indians, aware of the situation, now turned and made a vigorous
charge on their assailants, but Colonel Plumb and his ten troopers received them by
showing a compact front and delivering a galling fire.
The Indians now turned and fled.
Shortly after, about sixty Indians charged down the bottom of Dry Creek, a half a
mile to the left of the command, with the evident purpose of cutting them off from
Platte Bridge.
The little party now realized that they were in a dangerous position, but fortunately
the twenty who had been ordered to follow from Camp Dodge appeared in sight and
the Indians turned and fled. Six or seven of the soldiers started in pursuit of some
hostiles who had turned to the right.
The soldiers pressed them closely and were led into ambush by about thirty Indians
in front and rear.
At the time of this attack the soldiers found themselves with empty revolvers and
were unable to hold their ground until assistance could arrive.
In this affair Private Bonwell, Company F, Eleventh Kansas, and Private Sahlnecker,
Company G, Eleventh Ohio Cavalry, were killed.
Night coming on, the troops returned to Platte Bridge Station.
Wyoming Indian Battles
Roster of 11th Ohio Troops
11th Regiment Kansas Volunteers–CavalryCompany F

June 6 – Boyd’s Station, 7th Iowa, escorting mail – 1
Adjudant-General’s report Iowa Regiments
7th Reorganized, Company E: Private Newton Grubb
Post South Loup, Fork

June 8 – Saga Creek Station – 11th Ohio – 3/4
War of the Rebellion, 48-1, 295:
At daylight the morning of the 8th instant the detachment at Sage Creek Station
was attacked by about 100 Indians.
After one hours severe fighting they were compelled to evacuate, in consequence of a
deficiency in ammunition.
The men were all well mounted and accompanied by two citizens, names unknown.
The moment they left the station they were completely surrounded.
There ensued a desperate fight; the detachment retreated Toward Pine Grove Station.
The Indians followed them for 8 miles, killing George Bodine and Perry Stewart, woun-
ding and capturing Orlando Ducket, wounding Corp. Caldwell and pvt Wilson, all of Co
K 11 Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.
Two citizen were also missing
…..found bodies of Stewart and Bodine.. also one citizen.
The other citizen and Ducket could not be found
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, p68
History Wyoming
Soldiering on the High Plains
June 15: Hear that Duckett is safe; greatly surprised.
Official Roster Ohio of Soldiers of state of Ohio
Orlando Duckertt mustered out in 1866

June 9 – Chavis Creek, attack on wagon train enroute to Ft. Union – 0
Appended Compilation Battles against Indians 1790-1898
Attack on wagon train enroute to Ft. Union
WoR, p312
Plains Indian Raiders: The Final Phases of Warfare from the Arkansas to the …,p28
one teamster killed

June 12 – Cow Creek – 2nd Colorado – 0
48-1, 313

June 12 – Fort Dodge, 2nd US. Vol. – 2
Galvanized Yankees: p 71
WoR, 48-1
Major Armstrong
On Monday morning, June 12, 1865, the Indians, between 300 and
400, made an attack on this post, in which they succeeded in capturing
all the horses arid mules at the post except eight horses.
We had 3 men wounded and 2 captured or killed whose bodies have not been found.
Plains Indian Raiders: The Final Phases of Warfare from the Arkansas to the …p28

June 12 – Plum Butte – 2nd Colorado – 1
War of the Rebellion 48-1, 314:
….Serg. Cronk, Co I 2 Colorado Cav, and 19 men escorting
trains to Ft Zarah, at the Plum Buttes; he says that his train
has been attacked by at least 100 indians, and serg. Cronk drove
them from the train.
One of his Patrick Sullivan was separated and supposed to have
been killed
The Winter Campaign that never happened
June 12th 1865: Private Sullivan, co.”I”, killed in action
while on escort duty, Cow Creek.

June 12 – nr Ft Zarah (Pawnee Rock) – 2nd Col. Vol. – 2
The Winter Campaign that never happened
June 12th 1865: Corporal Hicks, co.”K”, killed in action
near Fort Zarah while acting as a messanger.
June 12th 1865: Private Huestis, co.”K”, killed in action
while acting as a messanger.
War of the Rebellion, 48-1, 309 &315
Plains Indian Raiders: The Final Phases of Warfare from the Arkansas to the …p29
June 11 Corporal Hicks and Pvt. Huestis had left Ft. Larned, killed at Ash Creek.
2nd Colorado Volunteers.

June 14 – Horse Creek – 4
War of the Rebellion, 48-1, 324:
Our loss in action was 4 killed and 4 wounded:
Cpt. Fouts, pvt E McMahon, R Groger, Co D 7 Iowa Cav
Pvt P Ahler Co B
Adjudant-General’s report Iowa Regi ments

June 16 – Deer Creek – 1
11th Regiment Kansas Volunteers–Cavalry Co A
Private Hinshaw Silas Killed by Indians June 16, ’65, Dacotah Ter.
Silas Hinshaw
Silas Hinshaw died Jun 16 1865, Deer Spring / Deer Creek Station, Dakota Territory.

June 17 – Dead Man’s Fork – 0
WOR, 48-1, 325-27

June 19 – Pawnee Ranch – 1
1th Regiment Kansas Volunteers Additional Enlistments, Co mpany E
Private Drake Peter Killed by Indians June 19, ’65,
Pawnee Ranch, C. T.

June 22 – Sweet Water Bridge; 11th Ohio – 1
Roster Ohio Troops
Guynn, Edgar; killed June 22, 1865, in action with Indians at Sweet Water Bridge.

June 30 – Rock Creek, 1st Col. Cav. – 1
War of the Rebellion, 48-1, 390:
..the Indians ran off sixty head of cattle from Rock Creek and
killed one soldier
Deaths: Colorado Territory Civil War Volunteers
Teakle, John Thomas Private Co.D, 1st Colo. Cav
Killed in action with Indians at Rock Creek CT Jun 30 1865

June 30 – Little Arkansas (southern tribes?) – 4
City McPherson, Kansas
In another Indian raid, Captain Joel H. Shelly of the 13th
Missouri Cavalry dispatched on June 30, 1865, that Indians
have killed and scalped four more of his command including
three of his cavalrymen and a corporal of the 2nd Colorado
Cavalry in two separate attacks. The band numbered about 25
or 30 and crossed the Santa Fe Road about seven miles east of the
Little Arkansas. They killed two of the dispatch bearers and captured
the dispatches that were being forwarded east from Major James M.
Turley at Fort Zarah in present-day Barton County. The Indians then
passed down and crossed the Little Arkansas about eight or ten miles
below Station Little Arkansas where they found four men of Captain
Shelly’s command killing buffalo and killed two of them.
One of the men was dispatch-carrier Corporal (James?) Douglass of
Company D, Second Colorado cavalry.
The others were Private H. Hogan, Private James Jones, and (Private?)
G. W. Norris of the 13th Missouri Cavalry.

July 4 – Frio English vs. Kickapoo – 3
Frio County Has a Colorful History July 4, 1865, Indians chased Ed Burleson, but he managed to reach his home in safety. The following neighbors started on the trail of the redmen: namely, Levi English, A. L. Franks, G. W. Daugherty, A. D. Aiken, Ed Burleson, W. C. Bell, Dean Oden, Bud English, John Berry, Frank and Dan Williams. A fight ensued in which Dean Oden, Dan Williams and Bud English were killed.
Fight on the Frio, July 4, 1865 The loss of the whites were three killed-Daniel Williams, Dean. Oden, and Bud English. … fight of July 4, 1865, the Indians lost six killed and thirteen wounded. …
July 5 – Medicine Bow River – 1
11th Regiment Kansas Volunteers–Cavalry Company A
Commissary Sergeant Gale Henry C. Killed by Indian,
July 5, 1865, on Medicine Bow river, D.T.
Civil War Days & Those Surnames
Eleventh Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, Company’s A.
Henry Charles Gale
He was killed by Indian’s on July 5, 1865, at Medicine Bow River in the Dacotan Ter.

July 26 – Platte Bridge Fight/Red Buttes; Lt Collins – 28-29
Battle of Platte Bridge
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
29 killed, 10 seriously wounded
Roster of Ohio Troops
Lt. Collins
Hamilson, Rice; killed July 26, 1865, in action with Indians at Fort Caspar
11th Regiment Kansas Volunteers–Cavalry Company D
Corporal Miller William H.
Private Green Martin K.
Private Powell Thomas K.
Private Summers Edwin
Private Gray William D.
Private Tull Samuel
Private Zinn Jacob
Private Zinn John R.
11th Regiment Kansas Volunteers–Cavalry Company H
Commissary Sergeant Custard Amos J.
Private Antram Jesse E.
Private Brown Moses
Private Brown William
Private Heil George
Private Hoppe August
Private Long William B.
Private Schaffer Ferdinand
Private Sproul Samuel
Private West William
Private Young Thomas W.
Private Ballew James
Private Horton John
11th Regiment Kansas Volunteers–Cavalry Company I
Private Culp Adam
Farrier McDonald George W.
Farrier Porter James A. K
11th Regiment Kansas Volunteers–Cavalry Company K
Private Nehring Sebastian
Private Camp George

Aug 3 – Ash Creek, 2nd US. Volunteers – 3
Galvanized Yankees p74-75
messenger detail from Ft. Larned to Ft. Zarah ambushed

Aug. 5 – Little Laramie; Pvt. Ba(r)ker – 1
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, 222
Private G. W. Barker killed by Indians Aug. 5 on Little Laramie
His body had been in a wagon and piles of bacon piled around him
Edwin R. Havens Letters June to December 1865
One of the drivers left his team and made his escape.
The other George Baker of Co. B. did not leave his team and was overtaken and killed.
A Sergeant of the Colorado. Cav. was killed and scalped by them; his body was afterwards recovered and buried by our men.. but the body of Baker was not recovered.
List of killed in action Seventh Michigan Cavalry
Baker, George, Private B Killed by Indians August 5 1865

Aug 13(or 12) – Willow Springs, Michigan Regiment – 2
Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman, Michigan regiment
William O’ Hayes Pvt C by Indians Aug 13 1865
Samuel Mathews Pvt A Aug 13 1865
Record of service of Michigan volunteers in the Civil War, 1861-1865
Mathews, Samuel M. Enlisted in company
A, First Cavalry, Nov. 24, 1863, at … Killed by Indians at Willow Springs, Col., Aug. 13. 1865

Aug 13-15 – Powder River, Sawyers’ experdition – 3
Galvanized Yankees, by D. Brown p167-183
War of Rebellion, 48-1, 388-89
Report of Captain George W. Williford, Fifth U. S. Volunteer Infantry.
Companies C and D, Fifth U. S. Volunteers, embarked
on steamer J. H. Lacy and proceeded to the mouth of
Niobrara River for the purpose of escorting a party of
engineers opening a wagon road from that point westward.
On the 16th (june) we were joined by Lieutenant Wood and
twenty-four men belonging to Company B, First Dakota Cavalry
….. we were attacked by several thousand Indian warriors, who kept
us corralled nearly four days and nights…..
I have to report the following men of my command killed:
Orlando Sous and Anthony Nelson, privates Company B, First
Dakota Cavalry Volunteers; Nathaniel D. Hedges, citizen, and
suttler for the expedition.
South Dakota Military Data Dakota Cavalry, 1862-1865Company B
Anthony Nelson
John Rouse.
Wyoming Indian Battles – Page 3
Battle of Bone Pile Creek (August 13-15, 1865)

Aug 19 – O’Fallon’s Creek during march Cole’s column – 1
Circle of Fire, p130-31
on July Pvt. Nicolas Thomas disappeared while on flanking duty,
probably captured by Indians
Report of Lieutenant William Rinne, Battery C,
Second Missouri Light Artillery.
Private Nicolas Thomason, with one horse and equipment,
was missing while detailed on flanking duty and was supposed
captured by Indians on the 1st of August.

Aug. 25? – Little Laramie, 1st Colorado Cavalry Sgt. Cooley – 1
Circle of Fire The Indian War of 1865, p110
killed Sergeant Cooley of the 1st Colorado Cavalry.
They shot him through the head
White Cloud Kansas Chief
31 August 1865

Aug 25? – Mantell Ranch, Little Laramie – 1
Circle of Fire The Indian War of 1865, p110
One discharged soldier, John Owens formely of the 2nd Cal. Cav. Went out
fishing and was killed.

Aug 29 – Tongue River – 2
Appended Compilation:
Tongue Rv, Momt. Gen P Connor, Elements of 2 Calif Cav, 7 Iowa Cav,
11 Ohio Cav; Pawnee and Omaha scouts
The Powder River Indian Campaign
Two of our soldiers, white men, I forgot their names, were found among the dead
and three or four died of North’s Indians were killed
Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865, P112/116
Serg. Charles M, Latham of the Signal Corps received a wound in the heel.
… The wound led to lockjaw, and he died a few days later

August 31 – Little Tongue River, Sawyers’ Expedition – 3
Circle of Fire page 124-126
The party continued to make good progress, fording the Big Piney on August 30
and, after crossing several divides, camping on Beaver Creek.
The next day, the wagon train covered twenty-two miles, fording Goose and Wolfe
Creeks and the Little Tongue River.
That night, one-armed Captain Osmer F. Cole of Galesburg, Illinois, Company L, 6yh
Michigan, was surrounded and killed by Indians while scouting in advance of the train.
…buried Dilleland and Merrill
Michigan in the War, p611
Captain Osmer F. Cole.
Killed by Indians at Tongue river, Ы. Т., August 3d, 18t>5. …
Journeys to the land of gold: emigrant diaries from p362-63 James Sawyer Diary

Sept 1-10 – Powder River; Cole&Walker – 14/15
War of the Rebellion 48-1,379-388:
Cole’s report 1867:
The loss of my command in the several engagements
with the Indians was as follows: Second Missouri Light
Artillery, 9 killed, 1 missing, 1 officer wounded;
Twelfth Missouri Cavalry, 3 killed, 1 missing.
Cole’s report 1865
My loss in the several engagement with the Indians is as follows:
Twelfth Missouri Cavalry, 3 killed, 1 missing;
Second Missouri Light Artillery, 5 killed, 1 officer slightly wounded,
4 men (3 since died), I missing.
Report of Colonel Oliver Wells, Twelfth Missouri Cavalry.
On the 4th of September the Indians attacked a lieutenant and
fourteen men, who had been sent to the camp of the previous
day on Powder River, and followed him to the command.
My whole regiment was engaged in skirmishing this day, in front,
in rear, and on our flank….
On the following morning the Indians appeared…
An irregular skirmishing was kept up for two or three hours before
the command moved out, and the artillery was brought
We lost 2 men killed
On the 7th of September a party of our hunters met about thirty
or forty Indians. One of our men was killed
Our total loss from the 1st is 3 men killed and 1 man missing.
Report of Captain Edward S. Rowland, Battery K, Second
Missouri Light Artillery, of skirmish September 1.
In the skirmish I lost 3 men killed and 2 wounded.
……I have the honor to report the names of killed and wounded;
Sergt. L. L. Holt, Privates Jesse Easter and Abner Garrison, Company
K, killed; Sergt. J. L. Duckett and Private Robert W. Walker, Company K,
Report of Lieutenant John H. Kendall, Battery L, Second Missouri Light
Artillery, of skirmish September 2
I have the honor to report the result of a skirmish with a lost two of my
company and some Indians on the 2nd of the month: I lost two men killed.
The men killed by the Indians had been out hunting and were returning to camp
when attacked.
Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas
Sixteenth Regiment Kansas Volunteers – Cavalry Company E
Private Long William P. Killed in action Sep. 8, ’65, Powder River, M.T
Circle of Fire, p130 -35
Bennett, L. G. Diary
Sept 7
Attack on party of stragglers from 12th Missouri Cavalry, 1 man killed.
Sept 14,
Indians attack stragglers on two occasions, 1 trooper killed.
March 9½ miles, passing mouth of Clear Creek
Powder River Expedition (1865), From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Killed in Action
Unknown Private, Killed on the Tongue River, August 29, 1865.
Unknown Private, Killed on the Tongue River, August 29, 1865.
Killed in Action near the Alkali Creek Campsite on the Powder River on September 5, 1865.
Sergeant Larkin L. Holt, Battery K, 2nd Missouri Light Artillery
Private Abner Garrison, Battery K, 2nd Missouri Light Artillery
Killed in Action near the Alkali Creek Campsite on the Powder River on September 1, 1865.
Private Jesse Easter, Battery K, 2nd Missouri Light Artillery,
Unknown U.S. Soldier, Volunteer Regiment, Missing, and Presumed Killed
Unknown U.S. Soldier, Volunteer Regiment, Missing, and Presumed Killed
Missing, and Presumed Killed in Action on the Powder River on September 2, 1865.
Unknown U.S. Soldier, Battery L, 2nd Missouri Light Artillery
Unknown U.S Soldier, Battery L, 2nd Missouri Light Artillery
Killed in Action Near Ash Creek, on the Powder River on September 5, 1865.
Private George McGully, Company B, 12th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry
Private James T. Morris, Company B, 12th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry
Killed in Action on the Powder River September 7, 1865.
Private Elijah Bradshaw, Company A, 12th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry,
Killed in Action on the Powder River, September 8, 1865.
Private William P. Long, Company E, 16th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry,
Mortally Wounded and Died on the Tongue River, August 29, 1865.
Private John M. Latham, United States Signal Corps,
Accidentally Killed
Private Frederick/Fritz Hacke, Batteries B, L, 2nd Missouri Light Artillery. Killed by an accidental gunshot in camp on the Powder River, September 17, 1865.

Sept 27 – Fort Laramie, 11th Ohio – 1
Roster Ohio Troops
Lorance, William; Killed Sept. 27, 1865, by Indians at Ft. Laramie.

Oct 13 – Nebraska Volunteers – 2
“Devotion to the Good Cause”: Nebraska in the Civil War, 68
Skirmish with Indians Privates Jackson and Kelly killed

Oct. 21 or 22 – Alcote (Alkali) Station; 1st Nebraska – 3
The First Regiment of Nebraska
Up to October 21, the First Regiment was engaged in protecting the
United States overland mail route, escorting coaches from Fort Kearney
to Fort Sedgwick, Colorado Territory, scouting, etc.;
on the 21st, a detachment of Company C, under command of Lieut.
Smith, fought 300 Indians near Alkote Station, Neb., losing three men
killed and one wounded
Andreas’ History of the State of Nebraska Official Roster:
killed by Indians at Alkali, Neb., Oct. 22, ’65.
Company C.
Sergt. James Gruwell
Corp. D. L. Chase
Private Stanley, F. M.,

Oct 27 Morrow’s Ranch – 1
Sixteenth Regiment Kansas Volunteers – Cavalry Company A
Private Quawpaw Peter Killed Oct. 27, ’65, Morrow’s Ranche, N. T.

Nov 22 – Chalk Bluff Station – 2
Special Correspondence of the New-York Times.
Chalk Bluff Station, Thursday, Nov. 23. 1865
We left Grannel Station before daylight, and arrived at this place without discovering
any sign of the presence of Indians.
Yesterday, two soldiers ventured from the train a short distance, to shoot a buffalo,
when a number of Indians, who had been following the train, concealing themselves as
much as possible by means of the ravines, attacked and killed one of the soldiers at scalped
the other, who made his escape to the train.
Autobiography of Capt. Richard W. Musgrove
At Monument we found one man belonging to the cavalry who had had his scalp taken by
It seemed that a few days before our arrival two men were on the prairie hunting when they
were fired on by Indians in hiding. One was killed outright and the other wounded.
The wounded man feigned dead as the Indians, gloating over their fiendish work, came up.
One Indian struck him on the ispine with his tomahawk, but still he showed no signs of life.
Then another passed his knife around the outskirts of his hair, and, with a quick, strong pull,
stripped the scalp from his head, leaving the cranium entirely bare.
Then they left him. After a little he got up and walked half way to the station, became bewil-
dered, and going back, again laid down beside his dead companion.
In this position he was found later by comrades, taken to the station and his wounds dressed.
Strange to say he was in a fair way to recovery when he took cold by his own carelessness
and soon after died.


Jan. 26 – BlackWater River – 1
Adjudant-General’s report Iowa Regiments
7th Cavalry Reorganized
Company H: Jesse Rowley killed 26-1-66 while scouting Blackwater Rv.
Roster and Record of Iowa Troops In the Rebellion, Vol. 4
Rowley, Jesse. Age 27. Killed in action Jan. 26, 1865, Black Crater River, Kans
Thus Does Glory Fade”: A History of Fort McPherson and Fort Hartsuff, 67
Private Jesse Rawly, 7th IVC Co H., was killed in action at Black Water, Kansas

Jan/Febr – Expedition from Fort Cottonwood – 1
“Thus Does Glory Fade”: A History of Fort McPherson and Fort Hartsuff, 67
The command had taken the field on another expedition against the Indians.
They returned to the post 20 February 1866, after having run into hostile Indians
in Kansas. The command did not get away from this skirmish unscatched, as
Private Horace Blanchard, 7th Iowa Volunteer Cavalry Co. B., was killed while
on scout for the expedition, and
Adjudant-General’s report Iowa Regiments
7th Cavalry Reorganized
Company B: Horace Blanchard killed 29-10-65 Alkali DT

March 8 – 1
Fort Reno D. T. Post Cemetery Register:
Leggitt M. K. Private C 5 U. S. Vols., 03/08/1866 Killed by Indians

June 29 – Parker Cy minuteman Clark – 1
Rangers in Military Service
(Minuteman & Mounted Volunteer Units) 1823 – 1874
Clark, Alvin A.——Pvt. Co C Parker County Minutemen.
Killed in a fight with Indians, June 29, 1866.
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad

July 2 or 12 – 2
Fort Reno D. T. Post Cemetery Register:
Johnson J. M. Private D 5 U. S. Vols. 07/02/1866 Killed by Indians
Thompson J. M. Private D 5 U. S. Vols. 07/02/1866 Killed by Indians

July 17 – between Pineys & Pino Creek – 2
Chronological List actions:
July 17, Reno Cr, Dak., 2batl,18 Inf, D,E,F; cp Haymond
Killed: 1 enlisted man, 4 wounded
The Fetterman Disaster by D. Brown p 85
Killed 2, wounded 3
The U.S. Army in Frontier Montana p91
History Wyoming
The next day, July 17, Indians crawled close to the fort and ran off a lot of stock.
Brevet Major Hammond and an orderly started in pursuit, leaving word for mounted
men to follow, but this order did not reach the fort until two hours after, when fifty
mounted men and two companies of mounted infantry marched rapidly over Lodge
Trail Ridge and came upon the scene of a massacre.
A party of six white men, composed of Louis Gazzous, Henry Arrison and four
others were found killed.
The Indians had driven off the cattle belonging to the train and partially plundered the
wagons. Gazzous had long been an Indian trader, and from the fact that he had a Sioux
woman for a wife he felt confident that there was no danger to be apprehended. Gazzous,
better known in Wyoming as “French Pete,” had been warned by Black Horse that there
was danger to himself and friends, but he neglected the warning and the worst came.
The soldiers from the fort attacked the Indians, but finding them in great force, retreated
to the post. Two soldiers were killed and three wounded.
Records Relating to Investigations of the Ft. Philip Kearney (or Fetterman) Massacre
Testimony of Col. Henry B. Carrington- Page 1

July 19 – near Ft. Kearney – 1
Ft. Phil. Kearney Cem.:
Lindsburger Frank Corporal A 18th Inf. (2d Bat.) 07/19/1866
Killed by Indians

July 20 – Crazy Woman’s Fork – 3
Chronological List actions:
21 July Crazy Woman’s Fork, Dak; 18 Inf detG, killed: 1 officer&
1 enlisted man
The Fetterman Disaster by D. Brown p 96-98
The Legend of Crazy Woman Creek:
The most significant such encounter occurred on July 20, 1866, when a band of
Sioux attacked a small detachment of soldiers headed for Fort Phil Kearny.
While the battle was going on, a column of cavalry from the Fort led by Captain
David Jordan and guided by Jim Bridger arrived in time to rescue the group but not
before two of its members, a Lieutenant Daniels and a Sergeant Terrel, were killed.
Crazy Woman Battlefield
The relief force was a supply train headed from Fort Phil Kearny to Fort Reno.
Its commander, Captain T.B. Burrowes, took command of both parties. The body
of the lone soldier killed at the end of the battle, Lance Corporal Terrence Callary,
was buried near the corralled wagons. Lt. Daniels’ body was recovered the next
morning, and after the arrival of another relief force from Fort Reno, both trains
traveled on to Fort Reno.
Testimony of Col. Henry B. Carrington- Page 1

July 21 – nr Ft Riley, Twin Creek – 2nd Cav., I – 1
Emigrant Graves and Cemeteries
Roche, Pvt. E_ d July 21, 1866; killed by Indians on Twin Creek
The Creation and Organization of Osborne County
While escorting the surveying party along Twin Creek on July 21st, soldier
Edward Roche of Company I, 2nd U.S. Cavalry, was killed by Indians.
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Roach Edward I 2 Cav. Private Killed in Action Indians nr.
Ft. Riley Kansas 07/21 1866

July 31 – nr Ft Rice – 1/2
Chronological List actions:
July 31, Rice, FT.(near) 13 Inf Lt Marshall; killed 1 enlisted man
With the 13th Infantry in Dakota
During the summer and autumn there were daily drills, but very little target-practice, and
much cutting of wood for the winter fuel and hay for the animals, which were increased
greatly by the arrival of 350 head of cattle belonging to the Subsistence Department, and
which was to furnish our fresh beef during the winter. Before the winter was over they
became so poor in flesh, the soldiers spoke of them as “dried beef on the hoof.”
This herd added to the guard duty too, for it had to be driven daily to the prairie in the
bottom-lands above to graze, and required a guard of at least twenty or thirty to conduct
it back and forth and protect it while there, a specially burdensome duty during, the bitter
cold winter weather.
And notwithstanding which a war party of Unca-papas swooped down on it one morning
just as it reached the grazing ground and while the sergeant was posting his vedettes,
attacked and dispersed the main guard, killing two men and wounding two, and was driving
the whole herd to the hills.

End of July? – sentry by warrior in wolfskin – 1
Fetterman Disaster, 101
The Long Death: The Last Days of the Plains Indian, 105
brave under a wolfskin try to shoot a sentry
My Army Life and the Fort Phil Kearny Massacre
Once indeed, Indians, knowing that the soldiers were accustomed to put
poison on the offal at the slaughter-yard to secure the pelts of the
wolves for robes, crawled up close to the stockade, crawling under
wolf-skins that covered their bodies, and a sentry was actually shot
from the banquet that lay along the stockade, by an arrow, before any
knowledge of the vicinity of the enemy came to the garrison. …
More than once they crawled up to the stockade covered with wolf-
skins and imitating the wolf cry, and on one occasion actually shot a
sentry from his platform with an arrow that noise-lessly pierced his heart.
The “call of his post by number” not having sounded, summoned the guard,
but the soldier was silent.

Aug 21 – Cheyenne Fork – 1
Indian Fights by J. Vaughn p10
On August 21, 1866, Caspar H. Walsh, a soldier was killed, on the Dry Fork of
the Cheyenne River, while W. R. Pettis and A. G. Overholt, civilians were wounded
History Wyoming
Caspar H. Walsh, a soldier, was killed on Dry Fork of the Cheyenne, on the 21st
W. R. Pettis and A. G. Overhelt, citizens, were wounded.
Testimony of Col. Henry B. Carrington- Page 2

Sept 14 – Gilchrist – 1
The Fetterman Disaster by D. Brown p 122
Private Allando Gilchrist, missing, presumed killed by indians’
History of Wyoming
A soldier named Gilchrist was killed on the 14fh, and on the 16th Peter Johnson,
belonging to a haying party, was cut off by Indians. On the day following,
forty-eight head of cattle were run from the south side of the fort, but the Indians
being promptly pursued the cattle were recovered.
When portion of his clothes s found bloody….
Testimony of Col. Henry B. Carrington- Page 2
On the 14th, Private Allande Gilchrist, of the 18th Infantry, is supposed to have been
killed by Indians, as a portion of his cloths were found bloody, without his body.
Where a hundred soldiers were killed, p74
The very next day a patrol of soldiers found the bloody uniform of a private,
probably a deserter, who had been missing for four days

September – 17 nr Ft Ph. Kearny – (1)
Ft. Phil. Kearney Cem.:
Glover[Ridgeway5] Q. M. Employee 09/17/1866 Killed by Indians
Dee Brown: one of the fort’ civilians

Sept 20 – near Ft C.F. Smith – 2
Chronological List actions:
Sept. 20 CF. Smith, Ft, 18 Inf D, G, Cp Kinney, killed 2 enlisted men
Record of Events – Fort C.F. Smith
Parties procuring Timber and Hay, are occasionally attacked by Indians, two casualties
have occurred.
Corporal Alvah H. Staples Co. D 2nd Batt. 18th Inf. and Private Thomas Fitzpatrick
Co. D 2nd Batt. 18th Inf. who were killed by Indians Sept. 20th 1866, about three miles
from this Post
Report Surgical Cases

Sept 21 – between P.Kearny and CF Smith – 1
Record of Events – Fort C.F. Smith
Private Charles Hackett Co. D 2nd Batt. 18th Inft., who was badly wounded by
Indians in a skirmish, whilst en-route with Mail Party from Ft. Philip Kearney D.T. to
Fort C.F. Smith M.T. September 21st 1866.
The mail Party consisting of 20 men under charge of Sergt. John Murphy Co.
Charles Hackett D Co. died Oct. 4th ’66 of wounds received in skirmish with Indians.
The U.S. Army in Frontier Montana p95 & 105

Sept 26 or 16 – Johnson – 1
The Fetterman Disaster by D. Brown p 122-23:
Near Ft Ph. Kearney. Private Peter Johnson escort service
Where a hundred soldiers were killedp74
On September 26 warriors killed a soldier riding out as flanker for
hay-cutting wagons returning from Lake DeSmet.
The soldier, Pvt. Peter Johnson was attacked by a single warrior
charging out of a ravine.
The U.S. Army in Frontier Montana p92
Testimony of Col. Henry B. Carrington- Page 2

Sept 27 – near Fort P.Kearny – 1
Ft. Phil. Kearney Cem.:
Smith Patrick D. Private H 18th Inf. (2d Bat.) 09/18/1866 Killed by Indians
The U.S. Army in Frontier Montana p93
Sept. 27th, Patrick Smith was scalped at the Pinery.. survived 24 hours.
Records Relating to Investigations of the Ft. Philip Kearney (or Fetterman) Massacre
Testimony of Col. Henry B. Carrington- Page 2
September 27th, Private Patrick Smith, 18th Infantry, at work in the Pinery, was scalped alive and mortally wounded with arrows, crawling half a mile to the block house, and surviving twenty-four hours.

October – Cedar Gap – 1
Encyclopedia of Indian Wars 191:1
October 1866; Brownwood, Texas:
The posse, which included about 40 men with a few bloodhounds, rode through
the night into the hills near Gap Creek. There they discovered a sleeping Comanche
camp and surrounded it.
At first light they charged the Indians with a Texas yell.
Five warriors died in the first fire, and their scalps were soon hanging from the
Texans’ belts. Eighteen-year-old Freeman Clark’s revolver misfired and a Comanche
shot him in the ribs.
A bullet shattered Larkin Stone’s pistol grip in his hand.
When the Indians mounted up and fled, the Texans chased them for several miles
before losing them.
All told, the Texans lost one man and one was wounded.
They killed and scalped seven Comanches and wounded four.
Indian Depredations of Texas, 493-498, The Cedar Gap Raid

Oct. – Gillespie Cy. – J. Banta – 1
Texas Rangers
The frontier troops were paid by Texas and provided protection from Indians,
enforced Confederate conscription, rounded up deserters and gave protection
from renegades and bandits. Texas Rangers are known as — Rangers, Ranger
Companies, Minute Men, Mounted Volunteers, Mounted Gunmen, Mounted Riflemen,
Spies, Frontier Men, Texas State Troops, Special Force, Frontier Battalion and State
Banta, Jacob Rhinerson Texas Ranger (of Spring Creek); Pvt. Co. of Mtd. Vol. Tex.
Fr. Rgt., TST 1862 Born 27 Apr 1835, Died Oct 1866
Jacob Rynierson Banta

Oct. 6 – near Fort Phil Kearny – 2
Ft. Phil. Kearney Cem.:
Oberly Christian Private D 18th Inf. (2d Bat.) 10/06/1866 Killed by Indians
Wasser John PrivateD18th Inf. (2d Bat.) 10/06/1866Killed by Indians
The Fetterman Disaster by D. Brown p 143

October 19 – between Fort C.F. Smith and Ft.P. Kearny – 1
Ft. Phil. Kearney Cem.:
Brannen James J. Scout 18th Inf. (2d Bat.)
10/19/1866 Killed between Ft. C. F. Smith and Ft. Phil Kearney
Officer and Non-Commisioned Officer Losses in the Plains 1866 – 1869.
Branson, James.: Quartermaster Scout, Mountain District. Killed in action
between Fort C.F.Smith and Ft.P.Kearny, 19th october 1866.
Testimony of Col. Henry B. Carrington- Page 2
Lieutenant Bradley’s party, returning from Fort Benton, and about thirty miles from
Fort C.F. Smith, were attacked by a large force of Sioux, about noon. Mr. Braman,
guide, detached for special duty on the trip, while leading the advance, with Acting
Assistant Surgeon McCleary, was suddenly attacked by a party of Indians. Braman
was killed and scalped.
The Fetterman Massacre, 151 Jim Brannan

Dec 6 – Goose Creek – 2
Chronological List actions:
Dec. 6, Goose Creek, Dak., 2 Cv & 18 Inf. Lt. Bingham
Killed 1 officer, 1 enlisted man; 2 wounded
Ft. Phil. Kearney Cem.:
Bingham H. S. 2d Lt. C2d Cavalry
Bowers G. R.Sergeant E 18th Inf. (2d Bat.)
The Fetterman Disaster p179

December 11 -near Fort Reno – 1
Headquarters Department of the Platte, Omaha, Nebraska,
December 27, 1866
December 11, a private soldier was killed in sight of Fort Reno.
Geo. Cooke,
Brevet Major General Commanding.
February 1, 1867

Dec 21 – near Phil Kearney – 80-81
Chronological List actions:
Dec 21, 2 Cav & 27 Inf, Cp Feterman killed 3 officers & 79 enlisted men
78 army & 2 civilians
Executive Papers of the Ward Dept., U.S. Serial Set.
79 soldiers killed and 2 civilians
Ft. Reno, D. T. Post Register


J Coldwell Tex Ranger – 1
Fort Tours Nocona’s Blood Trail
In 1867, a group of citizens/Rangers was out scouting when they struck an
Indian trail and followed it a few miles west of the town of Perrin where they
encountered an overwhelming force of warriors and engaged them in a fight.
Among the Rangers, Jack Coldwell was killed immediately ..
The West Texas Frontier, Jack Coldwell, Parker County, Texas

Jan 1 – near Fort Buford – 1
A Chronological Structural History of Fort Union Trading Post 1829-1867
On New Year’s Day Hoffman visited Fort Union under an escort
of soldiers. On the way home, two men were following behind the
escort when they were cut off by the Sioux less than one mile from
Fort Buford. At least one soldier was killed in the rescue.

Jan 22 – nr Meig’s Ranch – 1
Indian Pursuit, Second-Lieutenant George A. Armes, Second US Cavalry
I lost one man, who, I think, was captured by the Indians when I charged
into the bluffs, as I have not seen him since.

March 12 – Pecos River 4th Cav. Captain Wilcox – 4
Texas’ last frontier: Fort Stockton and the Trans-Pecos, 1861-1895‎ – Pagina 69
Captain John A. Wilcox, Company C, Fourth Cavalry, while camped near Live Oak
Creek and the abandoned Fort Lancaster, picked up a fresh trail of what appeared
to be about 200 Indians. They followed it for four four days to the hills west of the Pecos.

Upon overtaking the Indians on March 12, he engaged them in a running fight that that
lasted for four hours and about fifteen miles.
Wilcox reported that he had four men missing in action, five wounded, and a guide killed
and that forty Indians had been killed and a number wounded

March 27 – near Fort Reno – 3
Fort Reno D. T. Post Cemetery Register:
McClure Samuel Sergeant I 27 U. S. Inf. 03/27/1867 Killed by Indians
Mahan Patrick Private B 27 U. S. Inf. 03/27/1867 Killed by Indians
Riley Charles Private I 37 U. S. Inf. [sic] 03/27/1867 Killed by Indians
Chronological List:
Febr. 27 Reno Ft, killed 3 enlisted men; attack on hunting party from
the fort.

April 26 – near Platte River – 1
Fort Reno D. T. Post Cemetery Register:
Erustberger Charles Private I, 27 Inf. 04/26/1867
killed by Indians while escort to Govt. train en route
to Ft Laramie DT. Nr 1st crossing of Platte River
Chronological List actions:
April 26; nr. Ft Reno, 27 Inf, I; 1 enlisted m killed

nr Camp Cook – 1
Then & Now: Thirty-six Years in the Rockies p77:
..1867, and a soldier was killed by Piegans at Camp Cook in the spring of that year.

May 1 – La Prelle Creek, 2nd Cav. – 1
Chronological List actions:
May 1, La Prelle Cr,Dak.; 2 Cav. det. E, Corp. Dolfer ; killed 1 enlisted man

May 12 and 13 – Rock Creek 2 escorts – 2
United States Congressional serial set, Volume 1346, p27
While in camp between Dutton’s and Rock creek, we met with a calamity,
in the loss of two of our party, Sergeant Clair of our escort, who was killed
on the 12th , and Stepan Clark of Albany who was mortally wounded on the 13th
of May, by a party of Indians supposed to be Sioux.
Northern Pacific Railroad Company: Pamphlet Vol.], Volume 1
Mr Brown’s party had been attacked twice before.
Once near Rock Creek, when he had lost one of his best man, Mr. Clark one of the escort.

May 23 – Bridger’s Ferry – 2
Chronological List actions:
May 23, Bridger’s Ferry,Dak.; 2nd Cav. Det E; killed 2 enlist.m.
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Killed in Action Indians nr. Bridger’s Ferry Dakota Territory 05/23 1867 Killed while
“enroute to rejoin Co… in discharge of his duty…”
Killiher / Killigher Patrick E 2 Cav. Private
Jordan Thomas E 2 Cav. Private

May 23 – bet. Pole Creek & Spring Creek DT 36th Inf., E – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Mangan Thomas E 36 Inf. Sergeant Killed in Action Indians bet. Pole Creek &
Spring Creek Dakota Territory 05/23 1867 “While conveying the mail from
Pole Creek to his Co. on Spring Ck. DT.” RR had death date as 05/25.

May 25 – Cow Creek, 7th Cav. – 5

Years in the Southern Plains 1867 – 1869:
In May 1867 6 soldiers of the cavalry detachment in Fort Hays
deserted. They were attacked by 20 Indians in Cow Creek.
5 of the deserters were killed and one was wounded.

May 30 – near Ft Reno – 1
Fort Reno D. T. Post Cemetery Register:
Slagle 2/ Stagle 1 Cornelius 2/ Charles 1 Private
27 U. S. Inf. 05/30/1867 Killed by Indians
Chronological List actions:
May 30; nr Ft Reno, 27 Inf, det F 1 enlisted m. killed while herding

May 31 – Bluff Ranch escort 37th Inf – 2
Chronological List actions:
May 31, Bluff Ranch, Kans., 37 Inf I killed 2 enlist m.; escort fr Ft Dodge
Today in Old West History
1867- Bluff Ranch, Kansas- two enlisted members of an escort from Fort Dodge
are killed by Indians near the ranch.

May 31 – near Fort Aubrey – 37th Infantry, while hunting – 2
Fort Aubrey, by Louise Barry
Two men of Company I, 37th U. S. infantry were killed near Fort Aubrey on May 31,
while hunting.
House documents, otherwise publ. as Executive documents: 13th congress, 2d p63
H. Douglas, Major Third United States Infantry
Nebraska 1866-1879, p86
Co. I, 37th Infantry, skirmished with Indians near the abandoned Fort Aubrey in
southwest Kansas on 31 May. Two privates were killed in action.

June 1 – Fairview – 1
Chronological List actions:
June 1; Fairview, Colo. 4 Inf,G; cp Powell; killed: 1 enlist.m.

June 5 – Ft Henshaw – 4
Kansas Forts
June 5, 1867, when the Indians killed four men and stampeded
the horses. At the time the station was guarded by only ten soldiers
and two stock traders

June 11 – Big Timbers – 1
Chronological List actions:
June 11 Big Timbers, Kans; 7 Cav., det. I & 3 Inf., det E; Lt. Bell
Killed: 1 enlist. M.
Report Fort Wallace
Pvt. Jacob Miller, 3rd US Infantry, E

June 12 – near Fort Dodge – 1
The Ranch at Cimarron Crossing
On June 12, east of Fort Dodge, upwards of 160 Kiowas, headed by
Satanta, got away with 71 horses of Company B, Seventh cavalry.
Pvt. Joe Spillman, a herder, received arrow wounds from which he died next day.
Report of Soldiers and Citizens at or near Fort Dodge
7th Cav, Co B
Report Surgical Cases
Plains Indian raiders p80-81

June 12 – near Ft Ph. Kearny – 1
Chronological List actions:
June 12; nr Ft Ph.Kearny; 2 Cav, D; cp Gordon; killed 1 enlist.m.
The U.S. Army in Frontier Montana p99
In June Indians made additional attacks to stampede sock and on the 11th
three soldiers were attacked while out hunting and one died of his wounds

June 14 – Grinnell Springs – 1
Chronological List actions:
June 14; Grinnell Spring, Kans.; 37 Inf., det H; killed: 1 enlist. m.

June 15 Big Timbers – 2
Chronological List actions:
June 15; Big Timbers, Kans.; 3Inf, E; killed: 2 enlist. m. (& 1 civilian)
Plains Indian raiders p84
On June 15 300 warriors attacked a convoy of three stages escorted by 23 soldiers.
In a running fight of 30 miles wets of Fort Wallace the convoy was able to shake
off the pursuit and continue the journey, but Privates McNally and Waldruff
of the 3rd Infantry were killed and Private Morehouse was wounded
Report Fort Wallace
Wuldrolf, Joseph
McNalley, Edward
3rd US Infantry, E

June 16 – Cimmaron Crossing 37th Inf., I – (1)
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Lennon Thomas I 37 Inf. Private Killed in Action Indians
Cimmaron Crossing Kansas 06/17 1867 Accidentally shot himself
with his rifle during an engagement with Indians 06/16.
The Ranch at Cimarron Crossing
Major Douglass, in a June 18, 1867, letter reported:
I despatched Lieut. [Henry M.] Karples 37th Infantry with forty men of the 37th
Inf. in wagons to the station, and they covered the crossing of the balance of the
train, exchanging a few shots with Indians. . .
… Lieut. Karples lost one man by the accidental discharge of his rifle. [28]

June 21 – Pond Creek Station Fort Wallace – 2
Chronological List actions:
June 21, nr Ft. Wallace; 7 Cav., dets, G & I, Lt. Bell; killed: 2 enlist. m.
Report Fort Wallace
Dummell William, Sergeant: 7th Cav, G
Bacon Frederick Pvt: 7th Cav, I
Years in the Southern Plains, 1867 – 1869
On 21st of june about 300 Indians attacked a mule herd near Wallace and took 26 mules.
Lieutenant Bell collected the few troops he had and rushed out to rescue the herd and
herders threatened.
A skirmish followed and lasted for 2 hours. Bell has received less than enthusiastic
support from mounted civilians who according to some reports abandoned his troopers
when fighting became heavy.
Soldiers were not able to get the herd back. Sergeant Dummell, commanding the squad
of company “G”, was killed in the fight as well as private Bacon of company “I”.
Two soldiers were badly wounded
The Battle of Beecher Island and the Indian War of 1867-1869 p82
The same day, the Indians attacked a party of men quarrying limestone.
Within sight of the fort.
They killed a contractor named Pat McCarthy, and another man
Plains Indian Raiders: The Final Phases of Warfare from the Arkansas to the p86-88

June 26 – near Ft Wallace – 6-7
Years in the Southern Plains 1867 – 1869
Indians pulled out their favorite trick and draw soldiers in the middle
of hills. Then they attacked with a superior force and with determination.
Company was driven off the field in confusion. This was especially the
fault of sergeant Hamlin who fled shamefully. Company retreated until
Barnitz managed to rally it and formed a skirmishline. Indians attacked
with great spirit but the skirmishline held.
….. The losses in battle of Fort Wallace:
Killed: Sergeant F.Wyllyams. Company “G”.
Corporal J.Douglas. Company “G”.
Bugler C.Clarke. Company “G”.
Private F.Reahme. Company “G”.
Private N.Trial. Company “G”.
Private J.Welsh. Company “E”.
Chronological List actions:
June 26, nr. Ft Wallace, 7 Cav., det. G&I, cp Barnitz; killed: 6 enl. Men
Plains Indian Raiders: The Final Phases of Warfare from the Arkansas to the p92 7 killed

June 25 or July 23 – Wyoming – Percy Brown Engineer – 1
Atlas of the Indian Tribes of North America and the Clash of Cultures, 101
.. on June 23, a large Sioux war party of some three hundred attacked a survey
party consisting of engineer Percy Browne, an assistant, and five soldiers in cental-
south Wyoming, about mid-way between Laramie and Green River.
Browne wounded in the attack, died within days
Northern Pacific Railroad Company: Pamphlet Vol.], Volume 1
July 23, 15 miles north of Laclade Station; Brown mortally wounded.
United States Congressional serial set, Volume 1346, p28
The Builders of the Union Pacific Railroad
Railroad Tales

July (early) – Beaver Creek, Lt. Kidder – 11
Chronological List actions:
July 22, Beaver Cr, 2 Cav, M, Lt Kidder, killed: 1 officer & 10 enlist. m.
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Connell Michael
Haley Richard
Lawler Michael

July 17 – Downer’s Station – 1/2
The Battle of the Washita: the Sheridan-Custer Indian campaign of 1867-69 p16-17
On the morning of the 17th, while the force was halted west of Downer’s Station
for coffee, Custer ordered Connelly to take six men and go back to pick up a soldier
who was riding a mare belonging to Custer.
While doing so, Connelly’s party was attacked by Indians.
The men made a dash for Downer’s Station, leaving behind two soldiers, one of them
wounded and one fairly certain to have been killed.
Carpenter went out and brought in the wounded man and the dead trooper.
Captain West who was very angry over the killing of his trooper Johnson…
My Life on the Plains, by Gen. George A. Custer
… until we arrived near Downer’s Station.
…a small party of our men, who had without authority halted some distance behind,
came dashing into our midst and reported that twenty-five or thirty Indians had attacked
them some five or six miles in rear, and had killed two of their number.

Aug 1 – near Ft. CF Smith – 3
Record of Events – Fort C.F. Smith
On the 1st inst. a party of nineteen soldiers and six civilians under command of
2nd Lieut. S. Sternberg 27th Inf. who were guarding a party cutting hay were
attacked by a force of Indians variously estimated at from 500 to 800.
The troops were partially protected by a brush and log corral and fought heroically
three or four hours until relieved by troops sent from the Post.
…Our loss was Lieut. Sternberg, one private & one citizen Killed and one Sergeant
& two privates wounded.
Chronological List actions:
Aug 1, Smith CF FT, 27 Inf, det; Lt Sternberg, killed:
1 officer, 1 enlisted man, 1 civilian
Montana battlefields, 1806-1877: Native Americans and the U.S. Army at war p26
Two soldiers were killed immediately and another would be mortally wounded in the
hours to come

Aug 2 – Saline River – Captain Armes – 1
Chronological List actions:
Aug 1 Saline Rv, Kans, 10 Cav, F, cp Armes, killed: 1 enlist. m.
Trail Buffalo Soldiers, p 57
Private Christy

Aug 2 – nr Ft. Ph. Kearny – 6
Chronological List actions:
Aug 2 Ft P K, dak., 27 If, a, C & F, cp Powell, killed 1 officer & 5 Enlist. m.
The Wagon Box fight

Aug 14 – Chalk Springs – 1
Chronological List actions:
Sept 14, Chalk Spr. Dak., 27 Inf, E, killed: 1 enlist. m.

Aug 21-22 – Prairie Dog Creek – 3
Chronological List actions:
Aug. 21,22, Prairie Dog Cr, Kans, 10 Cav, F & det 18 Kans Inf
Cpt. Armes, killed: 3 enlisted men, wounded 35 enlist. m.
General Hancock’s report to Governor Crawford, Aug. 24, pp. 38-39.
The Buffalo Soldiers: A Narrative of the Black Cavalry in the West p25
F Company suffered one man killed and thirteen wounded, while Jenness counted
two dead and sixteen wounded
Defense of the Kansas Frontier 1866-1867
Following an Indian raid on the Smoky Hill stage line at Big Creek
station, Maj. George A. Armes organized an expedition of the Tenth
United States and Eighteenth Kansas cavalry and pursued the hostiles
north into the Republican valley. While out on a scout for the expedition
Captain Jenness, of the Eighteenth Kansas, and a small body of troops
were attacked by about 500 Indians. They withstood the onslaught until
rescued. The Indians then attacked the entire force. The battle raged for
six hours before darkness caused the fighting to cease.
.. The soldiers’ losses were three killed and thirty-five wounded.
Kansas Army National Guard
On the Trail of Buffalo Soldiers
Eyewitnesses to the Indian Wars, 1865-1890: Conquering the Southern Plains 60-65
Tommy Masterson
James H. Towell died of lockjaw at Fort Hays

Aug 22 – nr Ft Chadbourne – Jenkins 4Cv – 2
Chr. List.
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Moroney John D 4 Cav. Private Killed in Action Indians
Mountain Pass Texas 08/22 1867 40 miles from Ft. Chadbourne.

Aug 23 – nr Ft Concho – 4th C. – 1
Chronological List of Actions

Aug 30 – nr Ft Belknap – Lt. Schreyer 6th C. – 2
Chronological List of Actions

September – Bozeman Trai – 2
The Frontier Army in Settlements by Tate; p66:
During September 1867, two enlisted men escorting mails and building forts on
the Bozeman Trail across the Powder River Country of Wyoming and Montane,
were killed by Sioux intent upon closing down use of the trail by soldiers and

Sept 14 – Stormy Hollow – 1
18th Kansas Volunteers
Samuel Cochran killed in action
The Trail Guide, Volumes 9-12
Following the Prairi Dog incident several minor scouting parties were sent out from
Fort Hays.
According to Hadley, Captain Lindsey’s company had a fight on the headwaters of
Walnut Creek in which one man was killed and two wounded.
Hadley also tells of a skirmish with the redskins at Stormy Hollow, west of Fort Hays.
Fighting Indians, Eighteenth Kansas Cavalry.
Samuel L. Cochrane, Private,…
Killed in action at Stormy Hollow, September 14, 1867.

Sept 15 – West of Ft. Hay, Pvt. Randall with civilians – (2)
Chronological List actions:
2 Civilians
Indian War Veterans: Memories of Army Life and Campaigns in the West,
1864-1898, p239
10th U.S. Cavalry Formed
Serving With Distinction, Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Larned
In September of 1867 ten men from Company G of the newly formed 10th U.S. Cavalry were
guarding a railroad construction crew near Fort Hays. As part of this guard detail, Private John
Randall was assigned to escort and protect two hunters hired by the railroad to provide meat
for the crew.
The party didn’t get very far before they were attacked by a band of 70 Cheyenne warriors.
Taken by surprise and outnumbered, the two civilians were killed before Private Randall could
do anything.

Sept 19 – Walker’s Creek – 1
Chronological List actions:
Sept. 19, Walker’s Cr., west of Ft Harker, 5 Inf., det., Lt Mason
Killed: 1 enlisted man

Sept 23 – Arkansas River – 1
Chronological List actions:
Sept. 23, Arkansas Rv, west of Cimarron Cr.; 5 Inf, K; cpt. Brotherton
Killed: 1 enlist. m. (wounded Lt Williams)
Eyewitnesses to the Indian Wars, 1865-1890: Conquering the Southern Plains p67
On the 23rd Colonel R.B. Marcy, inspector general USA, was attacked. He was
accompanied by company K, 5th Infantry, recently from Albuquerque, NM, offered
by Bvt. Major D.H.Brotherton and 1st Lt. E. Williams.
We lost one man killed..
Kansas In The Sixties

Sept 29 – Pretty Encampment – 2/3
Chronological List of actions:
Sept. 29, Pretty Encampment nr Ft Garland, Colo., 37 Inf, G
killed: 2 enlisted men
Kansas Historical Quarterly – Fort Aubrey
On May 23 the mail station at Pretty Encampment was attacked, and the stock run off.
History of Bent Country
During the month of June, three members of Company G, 37th, were
surprised and killed at Pleasant Encampment.

Oct 1 – Howards Well – Corp. Wright 9th C. – 2
Chronological List of Actions
Standing in the gap: army outposts, picket stations, and the pacification of p46
In October, during an Indian attack, D Company lost 2 enlisted men
escorting mail near Fort Lancaster.

November 4 – Goose Creek – 3
Record of Events – Fort C.F. Smith
On the 4th inst. the escort to a train returning to this Post from
Ft. Phil Kearney D.T. under command of 2nd Lieut. E.R.P. Shurley
27th U.S. Inf. were attacked by a large party of Indians near Peno Creek D.T.
“Casualties resulting,”:
Lieut. E.R.P. Shurley 27th Inf., wounded Nov. 4th 1867
Priv. Harold Partenheimer “G” Co. 27th Inf. Killed Nov. 4th 1867
Priv. Peter Donnelly “H” Co. 27th Inf. Killed Nov. 4th 1867

November 6 – near Fort Buford – 1
Annual report of the Secretary of War, Volume 13 1868 1867
On the 6th of November the wood party from Fort Buford was attacked by Uncpapas
two miles from the post; one man was killed, one wounded, and four mules were lost.

December 2 – Crazy Woman’s Creek – 1
Fort Reno D. T. Post Cemetery Register:
Edwards Albert H. Private C 18 U. S. Inf. 12/02/1867 Killed by Indians
“Killed in action with hostile Indians near Crazy Woman’s Creek D. T.
while escorting Govt. Train to Fort Phil. Kearney
Chronological List actions:
De.2; Cr.W.Cr; 18 Inf, det. C serg Gillaspy, killed: 1, wounded: 3
The U.S. Army in Frontier Montana p103
December 1867 they once again attacked troops escorting a wagon near
O’Conner’s Springs, killing one soldier and wounding three soldiers and
11 citizens

Dec 26 – nr Ft Lancaster – Capt. Frohock 9th C. – 3
Chronological List of Actions


Atascosa County – posse – 1
Kickapoos: Lords of the Middle Border
Concentrating again on Atascosa County, Kickapoo marauders came back in three
weeks, scalped a Mexican sheepherder, and drove off fifty horses.
When a party of ranchers caught up with the Indians and sought to recover their
livestock, they were overwhelmed by a fierce Kickapoo charge in which every man in
the ranchers’ posse was wounded, one of them fatally …

March 18 – Fort Fetterman – 1
Chronological List of actions:
March 18 Ft Fetterman, nr Saw Mill, Dak., 18 Inf, K, killed 1 enlist. m.
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Burke Thomas K 18 Inf. Private Killed at government saw mill near Ft. Fetterman.
Report Secretary of War
March 18.—General Wessells, commanding Fort Fetterman, reports that Indians
captured 29 mules belonging to the train at the saw-mill, killing one enlisted man.

May 24 – Musselshell River – 2
Chronological List of actions:
May 24 , Musselshell Rv(mouth of), Dak., 13 Inf, E, B and H
Killed: 2 enlist. m.

July 19 – Ft Reno – 1
Chronological List of actions:
July 19, nr Ft Reno, Dak., 27 Inf, A & 2Cav dets. Lt Shurly
Killed: 1 enlisted man
Report Secretary of War
July 28.—General Smith, Fort Phil. Kearney, reports Indians attacked an escort
returning to the post, but were repulsed.
Also, that a train was fired into while in camp at Fort Reno.
Also, that on July 19, while a party from Reno was out hunting cattle, Indians rose
from ambush with hostile intent; soldiers opened fire and fell back to the post; were
re enforced by a detachment of cavalry under command of Lieutenant E. R. P. Shurley,
when the Indians were driven off.
One enlisted man killed and one wounded. Several Indians were wounded and ponies killed.
Fort Reno Cemetry
Koch/Korch, William J., A 2nd U. S. Cav.

Aug 11 – Cimarron River – Sully;s rear guard – 1 Plains Indian Raiders: The Final Phases of Warfare from the Arkansas to the …, p123 Washita Memories: Eyewitness Views of Custer’s Attack on Black Kettle’s Village, p33

Aug 20 – Ft. Buford – 3
Chronological List of actions:
Aug 20, FT Buford, Dak., 31 Inf,B, E, and G, Cp Dickey
Killed: 3 enlisted men
22nd Infantry
Report Secretary of war
loss two killed and five wounded; among the latter was Lieutenant Cusick, 31st
Pvt Henry Henderson
Private Henry Henderson, Company G, 31st Infantry Regiment, killed by Indians
on 20 August 1868. From the official records of Fort Buford: “….a war party of
about seventy Indians attacked the cattle herd (numbering 250 head) below the
fort, killing three herders, all soldiers. The military from the fort under Lieutenant
Cusick gave chase, capturing one Indian and killing one, and the Lieutenant himself
was severely wounded. The fighting lasted until 6 pm. Losses on our side: 3 privates
killed and three wounded.

Aug 23 – near Ft. Totten – 3
Chronological List of actions:
Aug 23, Ft Totten, nr, Dak., 31 Inf, A, B & K, killed: 3 enlist. m.
spring (1868?) – between Fort Totten and Fort Stevenson – 31st Infantry “Skirmish at Palmer Springs”
Six soldiers of the 31st Infantry and two civil scouts stopped
at a spring in southwest Benson County today in 1868 while
escorting a mail wagon from Fort Totten to Fort Stevenson….
The attackers killed two of the privates and as the sergeant in
charge, James Devon went for his rifle, one of the attackers
shot him through the heart.
Report Secretary of war
On the 23d the mail party between Forts Stevenson and Totten was surprised
by Uncpapa Sioux, one sergeant and two men were killed, and the stock captured.

Aug 25 – nr Ft Wallace – (1)

Aug 27 – 1
Military Conquest of the Southern Plains, by Leckie; p72:
governm. scout Comstock
US Army Frontier Scouts 1840-1921, p17-18
Aug 16

Sept 3 – near Ft Dodge – 4
Defense of the Kansas Frontier 1868-1869by Marvin H. Garfield
The Indians in September resumed their depredations in earnest.
Comanches and Kiowas made a dash at Fort Dodge on September 3,
killing four soldiers and wounding seventeen before being driven off.

Sept 10 – Purgatoire River – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 10, Rule Cr(Purgatory Rv)Colo.,7Cav, L, Cp Penrose
Killed: 2 enlisted men
History of Bent County:
(Fort Lyon), and troops at once started out in pursuit of the Indians,
Gen. Penrose in command, accompanied by several citizens. The Indians
proved to be only a small party. They were pursued and overtaken twenty-
five miles south of the fort, and four of them killed, with a loss of two soldiers
Washita : the U.S. Army and the Southern Cheyennes, 1867-1869 p58
Sept 8; 2 soldiers killed
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Sheridan Philip 09/11 1866 Private Killed in Action Indians Rule Creek Colorado
Report Secretary of War
September 10.—General Penrose reports two men killed and one wounded of L troop,
7th cavalry, in a fight with hostile Indians.

Sept 11/15 – Sand Hills – 3
Chronological List of actions:
Sept. 11-15, Sand Hills, Ind. T. 3 Inf,F & 7 Cav, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I and K
Lt Col Sully, killed 3 enlisted men
Military Conquest of the Southern Plains, by Leckie; p81:
Campaigning with Sheridan, a Farrier’s Diary
Regimental Return of the 7th U. S. Cavalry for September 1868 contains
the entry: “Missing in Action. Louis Curran, Pvt. F Troop, Captured
by Indiana, 11 Sept.
“Cyrus McCorbett, Pvt. F Troop, Killed in Action, 13 Sept.
“Charles Kruger, Pvt. I Tmop, Killed while on Picket, 15 Sept.
Washita : the U.S. Army and the Southern Cheyennes, 1867-1869 p63-65
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Curran James F 7 Cav. Private Missing,
Captured and supposedly killed in an engagement with Indians Sept. 11, 1868…

Sept 17/ 25 – Arickaree – 6
Chronological List of actions:
17-25 sept, Arickaree, fork of Republican Rv, Kansas, Indian Scouts
Maj Forsyth, killed 2 officers, 4 civilians

Sept 26 – Fort Rice – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 26, Ft Rice, nr, Dak., 22 Inf, A ,B, I and H, killed: 1 enlist. m.
Report Surgical Cases
Private John T. Vane, Co. I, 22d United States Infantry, was shot by one of a
band of hostile Sioux, about four miles from Fort Rice, Dakota Territory, while
on duty with a party of woodcutters, and at a short distance from the rest.

Oct 1 – near Fort Dodge, 7th Cav. – 1
Washita: the U.S. Army and the Southern Cheyennes, 1867-1869 p69
On October 1, moreover Indian warriors struck boldly at troops bivouacked near
Fort Dodge.
Private Harvey described the assault:
…..They charged on some working men (soldiers) just about one-half mile from here,
but the men ran and made their escape. One was badly wounded, afterward dying
Campaigning with Sheridan, a Farrier’s Diary
Entry on Regimental Return for October 1868:
William Johnson, Pvt., E. Troop, Killed in skirmish with hostile Indians, 2 October
1868, near BIuff Creek, Ks.”

Oct. 14 – Prairie Dog Cr. – 1/ 2
Chronological List of actions:
Oct 14, Prairi Dog Cr, Kans., 5 Cav, L, Lt Brady, killed 1 enlist. m.
wounded: 1
The Buffalo Soldiers: A Narrative of the Black Cavalry in the West p36:
Royall searched over a wide area and then went into bivouac along Prairie Dog Creek.
From this point detachments fanned out in all directions to follow trails that seemed
to lead everywhere.
On October 14, whilst most of the command was so engaged, the Cheyennes hit themselves
camp, killed one trooper, wounded another and ran off 26 horses of H Company.
Washita : the U.S. Army and the Southern Cheyennes, 1867-1869 p75:
On October 14 a command under Major William B. Royall, 5th Cavalry, operating in the
Republican River country had been attacked by Dog Soldiers on Prairie Dog Creek,
losing two men killed and 26 horses stolen by the warriors.
The Battle of Beecher Island and the Indian War of 1867-69. p184-85:
Royall was in fact farther south and had been attacked by the Dog Soldiers near
a station on the Union Pacific Eastern Division on October the 14, with the loss
of two troopers and six horses killed.
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Cussick Bernard / Bernhardt L 5 Cav. Private
Cheyennes at Dark Water Creek: the last fight of the Red River War p9
Dog Soldiers led by Tall Bull found Royall’s camp and attacked it on Oct. 14.
Two soldiers were killed

Oct 18 – Beaver Creek – Capt. Carpenter – 0
Report Secretary of War
October 21.—Colonel Bankkead reports Colonel Carpenter’s command of 10th cavalry
attacked by 400 Indians on 18th, on Beaver Creek
Three men wounded and two horses killed.
Cheyennes at Dark Water Creek: the last fight of the Red River War p10
seven-shot Spencer carbines saved the day

Oct 30 – Denton County, volunteer – 1 Ft tours, A.H. Fortenberry
Denton/Wise County line.
Living as a farmer and stock raiser, Fortenberry joined neighbors in warding off Indian raids
which endangered the settlements. On October 30, 1868, at a site 3/4 of a mile northwest
of this marker, he was intercepted and killed by Indians while trying to join a defensive
TXDenton-L Archives

Nov 18 – nr Ft. Hays – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Nov 18, nr Ft Hays, Kans., scouts
Record of Engagements, p 13:
government scouts, 7 miles fr. Ft Hays

Nov 20 – Mulberry Creek – 2
Officer and non-commissioned Officer Losses, 1866 – 1869
on Mulberry Creek near Fort Dodge, 27th November 1868.
Davis: Quartermaster Scout, District of Upper Arkansas. Killed by Indians
Marshall: Quartermaster Scout, District of Upper Arkansas. Killed by Indians
Chronological List

Nov 27 – Washita River – 21
Chronological List of actions:
Nov 27, Black Kettle Vill, Washita Rv, 7Cv, LtCol Custer
Killed: 2 officers & 19 enlisted men
Years in the Southern Plains, 1867 – 1869
· Major Joel Elliott, F&S.
· Captain Louis Hamilton, company “A”. During the attack against the camp.
· Sergeant-Major Walter Kennedy, F&S. Killed separately by Arapahoes.
· Sergeant Vanousky. Killed with major Elliott.
· Corporal Mercer. Company “E”. Killed with major Elliott.
· Corporal Carrick. Company “H”. Killed with major Elliott.
· Corporal Williams. Company “I”. Killed with major Elliott.
· Farrier Fitzpatrick. Company “M”. Killed with major Elliott.
· Private Christie. Company “E”. Him and all the rest killed with Elliott.
· Private Clover. Company “H”.
· Private Milligan. Company “H”.
· Private Downey. Company “I”.
· Private Lineback. Company “M”.
· Private Myers. Company “M”.
· Private C.Myers. Company “M”.
· Private Sharpe. Company “M”.
· Private George.
· Private McClernan.
· Private Stocabus.
· Private Delaney. Company “B”. Wounded in camp and died after the battle.
· Private McCasey. Company “H”. Wounded in camp and died after the battle.

Dec 2 – Canadian River – Pvt Brown, 10th Cav. – 1
Report Surgical Cases
Private Samuel Brown, Troop F, 10th Cavalry, was wounded near Canadian River, Texas, December 2, 18C8, by an arrow… He was carried along in an ambulance, but died on the second day

Dec 25 – Elm Creek Major Evans 3Cv – 2

Dec 28 – near Ft Dodge; 19th Kansas – 1
Nineteenth Kansas Volunteer Cavalry
John Vonwell, of Manhattan, was killed on duty near Fort Dodge,
Kansas, December 28, 1868.


Deserter from Camp Wichita – 1
Chronicles of Oklahoma
The Risks of Army Desertion on the Frontier
It is recorded that one soldier of the Nineteenth Kansas Volunteer Cavalry
deserted while that regiment was encamped at Camp Wichita (now Fort Sill), as
a part of the Washita Expedition, in 1869.
His trail led northward and a small detachment of troopers, under the command
of a non-commissioned officer, followed in an effort to overtake and capture him.
Riding rapidly, the detachment gained upon the deserter, who was mounted on a
horse that was plainly giving out. Suddenly, a small band of hostile Indian warriors
hove in sight.
The frightened deserter saw them and vainly sought to escape by doubling back on
the trail, but he was soon overtaken and shot down by the Indians, who were well

Febr 2 – Mulberry Nebr.; Pawnees – 1

March 16 – nr Fort Randall Prall – 1
First Battalion 22nd Infantrymen
..In Febr. 1867 Elias Prall enlisted as a Private in the 22nd Inf.,
and was assigned to Company F, on duty in the Dakota
Territory. He was killed by Sioux Indians on march 16 1869,
while on a wood gathering forage, near Fort Randall, SD.
Chronological List of actions:
March 16 Ft Randall, Dak., 22 Inf, C&F, killed: 1 enlisted man

April 6 – La Bonte Creek – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Apr 6 La Bonte Cr, Wyo., 4 Inf, A, serg Rae, killed: 2 enl.m.
Fort Laramie p 454
A war party crossed the North Platte early in April to attack the detachment of
soldiers at La Bonte Creek, killing one or two.

April 7 – Musselshel River, Captain Clift – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Apr 7, Musselsh. Rv.,Mont., 13 Inf, D, F, G, Cp Clift, killed: 1 enl. m.
The casualties on our side were one private killed and two badly wounded.
The U.S. Army in Frontier Montana p159

May – White Rock Creek – Guards – 2
Cheyennes at Dark Water Creek: the last fight of the Red River War p19

May 10 – Ft Hays – 1 Chronological List of actions: May 10 Ft Hays, Kans., attack Ind. Prisoners on guard; killed: 1 enl. m.

May 13 – Beaver Creek – 4
Chronological List of actions:
May 13, Beaver Cr or Elephant Rock, Kans., 5 Cav, A, B, F, H, I, L&M
Maj Carr; killed: 4 enlist. m.
Dog Soldier Justice: The Ordeal of Susanna Alderdice in the Kansas Indian War, 73
The village was estimated at 150 lodges.
About 300 Dog Soldiers showed themselves during the fight, a number consistence
with that size village.
The next morning, Lieutenant Jules Schenofsky returned and reported that three
Company B men had been killed the day before.
A fourth soldier was missing and presumed dead.

May 16 – Spring Creek – 0
Dog Soldier Justice: The Ordeal of Susanna Alderdice in the Kansas Indian War, 74
On May 16, another fight with Tall Bull occurred a few miles to the north, not far
inside Nebraska,
near Spring Creek.
This fight resulted in an unknown number of Indians killed. At least 20 Indians were
No soldiers were killed, but several were wounded

June 7 – Pecos River, Col. McKenzie, 4C – 1
Encyclopedia of Indian Wars, Johnson Draw
On 19 May, Mackenzie rode out with a scout of two lieutenants and 42 men from
detachments of Companies G, L, and M, 9th Cavalry, along with a few civilians and
two guides. About 50 miles from the mouth of the Pecos River, the company fell upon
a party of Indians and scattered them in the first charge. The Indians fled south toward
the Rio Grande; the soldiers’ weary horses could not keep up a pursuit.
One enlisted man and two Indians were killed in the skirmish.

June 26 – Sheridan – 1
Chronological List of actions:
June 26, Sheridan, Kans., killed: 1 enl. m.

July 28 – between Ft. Reno & Fetterman paymaster and escort – 2
Wyoming Indian Battles – Page 6
On July 28th, the warriors attacked a paymaster wagon traveling between
Forts Reno and Fetterman. There were 60 soldiers in the escort, and in the first
attack, two of them were killed. A sharp battle took place and the Indians were
finally repulsed after a number of them had been killed. The paymaster and his escort
passed on without further molestation.
History of Wyoming
As soon as it was known among the Indians that Red Cloud had agreed to make
peace, 600 warriors withdrew from his camp in the Powder River country and
started south, and on the 2Sth of July they attacked the paymaster between Forts
Reno and Fetterman.
There were sixty soldiers in the escort, and in the first attack two of these were
Chronolgical List of Actions

Sept 11/12 – Squaw Creek, Hood County volunteers – 1
Indian Depredations in Texas, Battle of Lookout point

Sept 12 – Laramie Peak – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 12 Laramie Pk., Wyo., 4 Inf, D&G, Lt True; killed: 1 enl. m.
Medicine at Fort Laramie 1849 1890
Captain Meacham was post surgeon when, in September, road repair detail from the
Fourth Infantry was attacked by Indians near Laramie Peak.
Pvt. Peter Berick was killed, and Vt. Joseph Axgar had his left femur broken.
Fort Laramie p454
In September, Indians ambushed soldiers repairing the road to Fort Fetterman,
seriously wounding one man and killing another.

Sept 14 – Little Wind Rv – 1(1)
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 14, L Wind Rv, Wyo, 7 Inf one man det K; killed: J. Holt
Wyoming Indian Encounters: The Unfriendly Kind
September 14, 1869 Popo Agie (Lander, Wyoming)
On the Shoshone reservation near the Little Wind River, civilian James
Camp and Pvt. John Holt, Company K, 7th. Infantry, were killed, possibly by
Shoshone or Bannocks, who shared the reservation, but more likely by wandering
Lakotas in the vicinity.

Sept 14 Popo Agie – 2nd Cav – 0
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 14 Popo Agie, Wyo, 2 Cv, Lt Stambaugh, killed: 0
Record of Engagements with Hostile Indians, p 24:
Two soldiers were killed
Wyoming Indian Encounters: The Unfriendly Kind &
2nd US Cavalry In The Indian Wars, Page 5
While Company D was on a scouting expedition on the Popo Agie River, Wyoming,
September 14, a group of hostile Indians made their appearance near the camp.
Lieutenant Stambaugh and twenty-eight men went in pursuit.
After following the trail for fourteen miles they met about two hundred Sioux.
The fight continued for three hours, when the Indians withdrew, leaving two killed
and ten wounded.
The troop had two men wounded, and eight horses killed and four wounded.

Sept 15 – Whiskey Gap, 7th Inf. – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 15 Whiskey Gap, Wyo, 4&7 Inf, Lt Spencer, killed: 1 enl. m.
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Barry Charles B 7 Inf. Private Killed in Action Indians Whiskey Gap Wyoming
Territory 09/15 1869
Wyoming Indian Battles – Page 6
On the same day as the attack at Cooper Lake, Lieutenant J.H. Spencer, leading
Company B, Fourth Infantry, was attacked by 300 Indians near Whiskey Gap, Wyoming.
One soldier was captured and presumed dead.

Nov. 6 – betw Fts. Fetterman & Laramie, 2nd Cav – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Nov 6, Betw Ft Fetterm&Laramie, Wyo, 2Cv, K, Cp Egan, killed:
2 enlisted men
Nebraska History‎ 1982, Pagina 150
Private John A. McCallister and George McKenna of Company K. 2nd Cavalry, were
killed near Fort Fetterman while Richard was with Indians in that vicinity. …

Dec 1 or 2 Horseshoe Creek – 4th Inf., Co E, mail escort – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Dec 1, Horseshoe, Wyo, 4 Inf(mailesc) serg Bahr, killed: 0 e.m.
Record of Engagements with Hostile Indians, p 25: One soldier Killed
Early Fort, Laramie County
On 2 December, mail party was surprised by Indians and Pvt. Herbert Erne, Iso
of the Fourth Infantry, was shot through the left hip.
Fourth U.S. Infantry Regiment 218 years of Service to Our Country
Fort Laramie p454
Indians struck again on December 2 by attacking the mail ambulance bound for
Horseshoe Station, where the Fort Fetterman mail was handed off to the coach en
route from Cheyenne.
Thirty-two miles from Fort Laramie, approximately a hundred Indians assaulted the
detachment. Private Herbert Erne, a Fourteenth Infantryman, caught a bullet through
his hip as he stood beside the vehicle. His comrades quickly tossed the wounded man
in the ambulance and fought their way back to the post.
When a second detail attempted the trip a few days afterward, another soldier was
shot through the lungs in an ambush near the same place. He survived long enough to
be brought back to the post hospital, but died two hours later.

Dec 2 – 40 miles from Laramie, 4th Inf, E, Pvt Johnson – 1
From “War Department, Surgeon General’s Office, Washington, August 11, 1871.
A report of surgical cases treated in the army
Private Jonathan J. Johnson, Co. E, 4th United States Infantry, was shot
through the right lung on December 2, 1869, by Indians, when about forty
miles from Fort Laramie, Wyoming Territory.
He was admitted into the post hospital at the fort, in a moribund condition,
and died in about one hour after his arrival.


Jan 23 – Marias River, Major Baker – 1
Death Records 54
Walter McCoy Jan 1870 Gallatin Mt

February – Brown Cy, Hog Creek – posse – 1
Inventory of the county archives of Texas : Brown County, no. 25 p16
February 1870 Hog Creek Fight 1 white killed of residents (Havins History 49-58)
The West Texas Frontier
Citizens Pursue Indians Who Assault Capt. Roach and Others at the Mustang Water Hole
But the fight only lasted a few minutes. The Indians made a hasty retreat, after three of
their number had been killed. A savage shot Joel Naber’s horse, and then the same Indian
shot and killed Freeman Clark.
Pinkard Family
“Hog Creek Indian Fight”

May 4 – Miner’s Delight – 1
Chronological List of actions:
May 4, Miner’s Delight, Wyo, 2 Cav, Cp Gordon, killed: Lt Stambaugh
Record of Engagements with Hostile Indians, p 27:
….. and one enlist. man were killed ….
Indians in Sweetwater County
On May 10th, 1870, Lieutenant Stambough was killed and Sergeant Brown
severely wounded, in an engagement on Big Beaver between the Indians and
Company B, 2nd Cavalry under command of Major David Gordon.

May 11 – Elm Creek, Coleman Co. – Indian Fighters – 1
West Texas Frontier
A. Burrell Brown
…. A. B. Brown and four or five others charged on toward the Indians,
concealed among the rocks in a ravine.
In the short fight that followed, A. B. Brown was mortally wounded in
the breast, so he whirled his horse, and started back toward the
remaining command. The others also retreated.
When his horse jumped over a rock, Brown fell from his saddle, was
scalped, and badly mangled by the wild men.
The Killing of Burrell Brown

May 14 – Mount Adams – 4th Cav., Lt. Wm. Russell – 1
Wiki: Fifth Military District (2/2)
1870 May 14th—Mount Adam, Lampases—Brevet Major William Russell—
a 2nd Lt 4th US Cavalry—shot by Indians; died May 15, 1870
Frohne’s Historic Military
Cdv of Major William Russell Jr. killed by Indians at Mount Adams, Texas in 1870!
Russell was a Lt. in the famous 4th US Cavalry when he was mortally wounded on May
14th, 1870, dying early the next day.

May 29 – Bass Canon; Lt Trask 9thC – 1

May 30 – Holliday Cr. – Lt Walter, 6C – 3
From Yorktown to Santiago with the sixth US Cavalry
The Indians grew more bold in 1870, and began to operate over a wide extent of country.
Lieutenant I. M. Walters, who was out with a detachment, encountered a band of marauding
Indians on May 30th and fought them with a loss of one soldier and two citizens killed.
The Indian trial: the complete story of the Warren Wagon Train massacre and …‎ P 43
About the same time, a Professor Roessler, geologist from the Interior Department, left
Fort Richardson with an escort of Sixth Cavalry and several citizens of Jacksboro and
Weatherford, to investigate some reported copper deposits about a hundred miles to the
As the party neared its destination, it was attacked. A soldier and two civilians were

May 31 – Bear Creek Mail Station – Sgt. Murray – 2
Chronological List of actions:
May 31 Bear Cr, Kans, 3 Inf (mailguard), serg Murray,
killed: 2 enl. m. (& 5 wounded)
Fort Dodge/Camp Supply Road
Known as Soldiers’ Graves, the redoubt was in honor of two soldiers, John
Conniston and August Buck, who were killed

July 12 – Little Wichita Capt. McLellan, 6th Cav. – 3
The West Texas Frontier,Capt. McLellan and Men Fight Indians

Aug – Washita River – 2

Sept 25 – Fort Buford armed woodcutter – 1
Conflicts between the two Cultures on the Northern Plains during the early 1870’s,
The Last Attack on Woodcutters from Ft. Buford in 1870
On the 25th of September a largish group of Indians had assembled for something big.
Unwilling to attack either Buford itself or even the woodcutters’ camp, instead they
targeted the cattle herd. These cattle were used to haul the timber.
One of the wood cutters was in the process of driving 16 oxen in pairs at a distance
of about 500 metres from the camp when the Indians emerged from cover at dawn.
The herder, named as Charles Teck, went down fighting; being well armed with a Win-
chester Carbine or Rifle which unfortunately for him jammed on the sixth shot – not that
it would have made much difference with so many Indians being there.
The Indians then went to work butchering the cattle. Eventually soldiers from Fort Buford
drove them off. Teck’s body was found, having been scalped and riddled with arrows.

Sept 30 – nr Ft Concho 4th C – 1

Dec 6 – Leona River – 3
Frontier Battalion Rangers
Pvts. in Co E Frontier Forces Killed in a fight with Indians between Ft. Inge
and the Leona River, December 6, 1870
Bietiger, Lorenzo, Riff, Joseph, Richarz, Walter.

Dec. 21 North Llano River – 9th Cavalry – 1
On the Trail of the Buffalo Soldier p51
July 1870 at Fort McKavett.
Carpenter, Allen; private; 9th Cavalry
Killed by Indians while hunting on North Llano River, Tx, 21 Dec. 1870.

Dec 27 – Frontier Rangers – 1
Frontier Battalion Rangers
Swift, A.M.—-Pvt. in Co F Frontier Forces
Killed in a fight with Indians, December 27, 1870

End of the year – Carrizo Springs; Ranger Bedinger (or Belleger) – 1
Carrizo Springs
The next morning, Woodbridge sent English and rangers Doc Quebum and Joe
Brierly east to look for signs of the raiders, then sent two more men to the south.
These two discovered the Indians driving a herd of stolen livestock, not on the trail
they had taken before, but riding right toward them. The men warned Woodbridge,
who quickly had his men mount up for a charge.
It was twelve against sixty, but Woodbridge figured the Texans’ Winchesters would
level out the odds. The Comanches saw them coming and also charged, and the two
forces met on the crest of a ridge.
The whooping of the warriors panicked two rangers into turning and running, but
the ten remaining stood their ground and clashed at close quarters.
Ranger Bedinger (or Belleger) was killed by three bullets in the chest.

Johnson City rangers – 1
West Texas Frontier
Running Fight Five Miles South of Johnson City
During 1870, the savages stole horses near Round Mountain, in Blanco County.
The rangers were notified, so Columbus and Jim Patton, Charlie Haynes, Dave
Herrington, John Backus, George and Jim Green, Sam Cady, B. Herrington, Will
Davidson, and J. B. Heidemann, followed the Indians about seven miles, and ran
on them approximately five miles south of Johnson City. Both factions were evenly
matched in numbers. The citizens shot the Indian chief’s horse in the tail.
The chief was then charged by Columbus Patton, who received a painful wound.
J. B. Heidemann was mortally wounded, and Dave Herrington numbered among the
injured before the fight was over.

Hays County – Capt. Perry Bird – 1
Sowell’s “Texas Indian Fighters, Fight with Indians and Rangers
Virtual Landscapes of Texas
Shovel Mountain lies 3 miles south.
There, in 1870, the redoubtable Rufus Perry, Indian Fighter, in company with 30
Texas Rangers, engaged an estimated 125 Comanche Indians embarked on a horse-
stealing raid. The Rangers separated the Indians from their horse herd and killed
the chief plus several others, whose bodies were carried away by their tribesmen.
The Rangers suffered one dead and several wounded, but recovered 100 horses,
which were duly returned to their respective owners. The three Bird brothers were
conspicuous in this action, one brother being killed and both of his two brothers
A Texas Pioneer; Early and Overland Freighting Days on the Frontiers
Bird, of Capt. Rufus Perry’s rangers, near Shovel mountain in Hays County;


March 18 – Ft Dodge – 3
Chronological List of actions
March 18 nr. Ft Dodge, Kans, attack on Government train
Killed: 3 enlisted men

June? – near Ft Stephenson – 1
Emporia News:
A party of soldiers and wood-choppers were attacked 3 miles
from Stephenson; a soldier was fatally wounded

Sept 19 – Foster Springs, Corp. Van de Wiele, 10th Cav. – 1
The Buffalo Soldiers: A Narrative of the Black Cavalry in the West, Revised …p66
Three days later Grierson received word that a small band, presumed to be Kiowas,
had ambushed three troopers of B Company as they scouted along the Red River,
and mortally wounded bugler Larkin Foster
On the Trail of Buffalo Soldiers,p99
Foster Larkin; B/10Cav.
Regim Returns: 19 Sept 1871, killed in action at Foster Springs Indian Territory

Oct 11 – Brazos Riverv Col. McKenzie – 1
History Crosby County
Pvt. Seander Gregg, U.S. 4th Cavalry, killed 10-11-1871 by
Quanah Parker in Battle of Blanco Canyon.


Jan. 7 – near Ft. Larned?; 3rd Inf. – 1
Guardians of the Santa Fe Trail, the Soldiers of Ft. Larned
Fort Reno D. T. Post Cemetery Register
Whitson, Franklin Pvt C 3rd US Inf Wounds From Indian Fight
January 7, 1872
The Historical Marker Database
Among the men who perished at or near Fort Larned and whose remains may
now be buried at Fort Leavenworth are: Franklin Whitson, Pvt.

April – Kimble County,Indian fighters – 1
The West Texas Frontier
James Bradberry,Kimble County, Texas
About ten days after the killing of James H. Sewell, James Bradberry and son,
James Bradberry, Jr., Bob Nixon, John Bradberry, Allan Bradberry, Charlie Waggoner,
Black Burt, Willse Robbins, Bill Moore, and perhaps two or three others, followed an
Indian’s trail and overtook the savages on Gentry’s Creek, about fifteen miles northeast
of Junction. James Bradberry, Sr. hurried up and dismounted. But it seems the others
failed to join him. In a short time he was killed. His sons, as well as others, fought the
Indians back as well as possible. But they were finally forced to retreat and ran about
three miles before they overtook the others.
While fighting Indians along the frontier, it was nearly always fatal for one man to rush
ahead and dismount, and the others fail to follow. Four or five well-armed men could
almost invariably whip twenty or thirty Indians when they stood their ground and peppered
the bullets thick and fast.

April 20 – Howard Mill, Cpt. Cooney 9Cv – 2

May 2 – La Bonte Creek – 1
Chronological List of actions
May 2 La Bonte Cr, Wyo, 14 Inf (mailescort), serg Mularky
Killed: 1 enlisted man

May 22 – north of Cimarron Crossing, 6th Cav. – 2
Chronological List of actions:
May 22, betw Ft Dodge&Cp Supply, 6 Cv, couriers
Killed: 1 enlist. m. & 1 wounded
Fort Supply, Indian Territory by Carriker, p 67
..Cheyenne warriors.. murdered two couriers of the 6 Cav
eight miles north of the Cimarron Cr.
Priv. A. Christopher was imm. Killed, pr. H Weusserman died
of injuries at Cp Supply on June 1
Cimarron Crossing
22 May 1872; Ashland, Kansas: Cheyenne warriors jumped two couriers of
Company E, 6th Cavalry, on the Camp Supply to Fort Dodge road about eight
miles north of the Cimarron River. The Cheyennes took the soldiers’ mail, horses,
and equipment, killing one of the men, Pvt. Alexander Christopher. Pvt. Henry
Weusserman, mortally wounded, died at Camp Supply on 1 June.

May 24 Lost Creek 4th Cav Capt. Heyl – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Hinchey Lawrence” K 4 Cav. Private DOWR-In
Action Indians Ft. Richardson Texas 05/25 1872 “May 24, 1872,
Cos. A and K under command of Capt. E. M. Heye 4th Cavalry
while in Camp at Lost Valley, Texas were attacked by Indians,
one man wounded, died the next day and one horse killed.

Aug 11 – Wise County, Lt Stevens, Rangers – 1
Report of Adjutant-General Texas

Company B. — Lieutenant G. W. Stevens, stationed in Wise county, on April 13,
1872, reports that his company recaptured 13 horses from Indians.
On August 11, 1872, reports fight of himself and 8 men of his company, with 100
Indians on August 3, killing chief and 20 Indians; 1 ranger killed; all the horses
of the detachment killed.

Aug 13, 14, 17 – Prior’s Fork Arrow Creek, Col. Baker – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Aug 14 Prior’s Fork, Mont. 2Cv, FGHL, 7 Inf, CEG&I, Maj Baker
Killed: 1 enlisted m. & 1 civilian
Postscript To The 1870 Marias Massacre
The Army’s body count tallied one officer, one enlisted man,
and ten Indians killed; five officers and two civilians wounded.
Conflicts between the two Cultures on the Northern Plains during the early 1870’s,
Baker’s Yellowstone Survey Attempt of 1872 and the Battle of Arrow Creek
On the 13th, 14th and 17th of August 1872.
Aftermath to the engagement:
The end result was that army casualties totalled 1 civilian mortally wounded, 1 soldier killed
and two or three soldiers wounded, of which it seems that one died of his wounds.
The First Scout, Attacks on Fort Lincoln

Aug 26 – Ft Mc Keen – 0
Record of Engagements with Hostile Indians:
August 26th, a war party of about one hundred and twenty-five Sioux
attacked a detachment of one Sergeant and six privates of the 6th Infan
try and two Ree scouts, twelve miles from Fort McKeen, (afterwards
known as Fort A. Lincoln,) Dakota; the two Ree scouts were killed.

Sept 29 – Red River Colonel McKenzie 4Cav – 2
Irish deaths in the Frontier Army
Dooras John 11/21 1870 F 4 Cav.
Private Killed in Action Indians North Fork Red River Texas 09/29 1872
Kelly John 05/01 1871 F 4 Cav.
Private DOWR-In Action Indians Kelly’s Creek Texas 10/11 1872 Wounded on 09/29.
A Texas frontier: the Clear Fork Country and Fort Griffin, 1849-1887
Private John Kelly (4th Cavalry) on the North Fork of the Red River on September 29, 1872,
and Private John Dooras, who died of wounds received on September 29, 1872

Oct 2 – Ft Mc Keen – 0
Attacks on the v6th Infantry in and around Fort McKeen 1872-1873
The second incident on October the 2nd was an attack on the fort itself by an estimated
300 Sioux who caused three fatalities on the Ree Indian Scouts and wounded one soldier.
Sioux casualties are not recorded. I command of the fort at this time was Lieutenant
Colonel D. Huston.
Company C of the 6th Infantry are the only unit listed as being engaged in army records on
this date.

Oct 3 or 4 – Yellowstone Expedition – 3
Chronological List of actions:
July 26-Oct 15, Yellowst. Exp., 8 Inf ABCFHK, 17Inf, ACF
22 Inf, DFG & Indian Scouts
Killed: on 3 October Lt Crosby & Lt Adair (mw), while hunting, One civilian killed
Stanley’s Yellowstone Survey Attempt of 1872
On the next day the one armed (his arm had been lost at Gettysburg) Lieutenant
Crosby of A Company, the 17th Infantry failed to return to Crofton’s battalion from
antelope hunting excursion.
After a time the mutilated and scalped corpse of the unfortunate Crosby was disco-
The only other incidents reported were the killing of Stanley’s black servant Stephen
on the October the 4th at about 3 O’clock, and, more or less simultaneously, an attack
on Mr Rosser (a surveyor) and Lieutenant Lewis D. Adair of the 22nd Infantry who had
unwisely strayed away from the main camp up onto some bluffs.

The intrepid Rosser killed the warrior who attacked Adair and himself, though not
before the Lieutenant was mortally wounded.
In one alternative account Crosby, Adair and a civilian were all out hunting together
and were killed on the 3rd and 4th of October.

Oct 14 – Fort McKeen – 0
Attacks on the v6th Infantry in and around Fort McKeen 1872-1873
The third incident on the 14th of October involved a large party of Sioux again attacking the post.
The army sent out some 6th Infantrymen and eight Ree (also called Arikara) to disperse them.
In this action the army suffered either two killed, or, just two civilians wounded, depending on
which source one believes, and the Sioux three killed.
Army records cite Company C of the 6th and Company H of the 17th Infantry Regiments being
engaged on this date; the fort now being under the command of Lieutenant Colonel W. P. Carlin.


nr Ft. Benton – Blackfoot – 1
Then & Now: Thirty-six Years in the Rockies p76:
A soldier was killed by Piegan Indians on Marias Hill, not far from
Fort Benton, in 1873

April – Cimarron – Barrett’s surveying party – 4
Cowtown Wichita and the Wild, Wicked West, p 105
It was the surveying parties that were of particular incense to the Cheyennes, who
knew from western Kansas days that surveys foreboded them no good.
Thus, the Barrett-Stanley survey of central Indian Territory during 1871-1873 stirred
the Cheyennes to hostile reaction.
In April 1873, E. H. Barrett returned to Wichita with his party to report that four
members of his surveying crew had been killed in Cheyenne attacks.
The Peace Chiefs of the Cheyennes, p154
April 1873, four men of the Barrett surveying party were massacred on the Cimarron
by Cheyenne warriors

May 18 – Remolina Col. McKenzie 4Cv – 1
US Army on the Mexican Border
Remarkably, after 60 hours in the saddle, the 4th Cavalry Regiment
crossed the Rio Grande again without incident and returned to its posts
on 19 May, having lost only one soldier killed and two wounded.

Aug 4 – Tongue River – 3
7 Cavalry Regiment:
killed: regimental sutler, veterinary surgeon & private
A Soldier-Docter of our Army, Kimball, The Yellowstone Expedition
A few items from his journal written on the march give vivid pictures
of the route :
“August, 1873; eight miles through the ‘Bad Lands/ Main features are lava,
scoria, cactus, rattlesnakes, and prairie dogs.”
‘Cactus Camp’; two men killed their bodies have been brought along to-day
from last night’s camp…
“September 3d. [The return journey.]
On the battle-ground of Tongue River.
The remains of Private John Ball, killed by Indians August 4th, while out hunting, were found
Frontier soldier: an enlisted man’s journal of the Sioux and Nez Perce, p35
The fight to which Zimmer refers occurred farther, east at the mouth of the Tongue River,
on August 4, 1873, during the Yellowstone Expedition.
The regiment’s veterinary surgeon, John Honsinger, and a suttler, Augustus Baliran,
were ambushed and killed by warriors

Aug 11 – Yellowstone River, 7th Cav. – 4
Life of Sitting Bull and History of the Indian War of 1890-91
p130 4 killed
They Died With Custer: Soldiers’ Bones from the Battle of the Little Bighorn
On August 4, Custer with two companies of the Seventh fought a sustained
skirmish with about three hundred Indians near the Yellowstone River.
The Seventh suffered one man wounded, although between Custer’s commanding
and that of the main column, two unattached noncombatants were killed.
Custer was involved in another fight a few days later, near the sight of the old fur
trade post, Fort Manuel Lisa, on the Yellowstone River.
Here the Seventh suffered four killed, including Private John Tuttle, Custer’s striker
or soldier servant, and three wounded
Montana battlefields, 1806-1877: Native Americans and the U.S. Army at war p48
Four soldiers were killed and four wounded

Oct. 1 – Kansas/IT, Lawmen Osages – 2
U. S. Marshals On Wednesday, October 1, 1873, Deputy U. S. Marshal Seth Beardsley and his posseman, Adams were taking twenty-six Osage Indians who were charged with murder back to Ft. Smith for trial. The day grew late so the lawmen set up camp thirty miles from Ft. Gibson near Kansas, Indian Territory, in the Cherokee Country. The prisoners were secured, but sometime during the night the Indians were able to secure a gun, shoot both of the lawmen to death and escape. Even though the U. S. Army helped other marshals in the search no record can be found of the identity of the Indians or if they were ever recaptured.

Oct – Spring Creek Ranger Hazelwood – 1
It Occurred in Kimble
Peter Hazlewood, who in a fight with a band of Indians on Spring Creek
in 1873 was shot through the head and killed.


Febr 9 – Cottonwood Cr – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Febr 9, Cottonwood Cr, Wyo., 2Cv, 14 Inf trainguard
Lt Robinson, killed: 1 officer & 1 enlisted man
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Coleman James K 2 Cav. Corporal

Febr 22 – Grand River Agency, 17th Inf – 1
Irish Deaths In the Frontier Army
Collins Charles O. G 17 Inf. Private
Killed in Action Indians Grand River Agency Dakota Territory 02/22 1874

April – Johnston Station – 1
Carbine&Lance 189
Attack on herd of a company of the 9th Cav., one trooper killed

July 4 – Wind River; Captain Bates – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Bad Water Branch, Wind Rv, Wyo, 2 Cav, B, & Indian Scouts,
Cp Bates, killed: 4 enlisted men
Bates Battle
Killed: 2privates: Walker & Engell
Wyoming Indian Encounters
The Arapahos, having been alerted, fired from the ravine, which was 15 feet wide and
10 feet deep. Bates drove them out and down the gully.
In less than half an hour, the Arapahos had taken refuge in the cliffs above.
Firing from the rocks, the Arapahos killed two soldiers and wounded three in just a few
Lt. Young, wounded, was in danger of being captured when a civilian named Cosgrove pulled
him to safety. Meanwhile, Bates had seen nothing of his Shoshones, and he ordered his men
to pull back. The Shoshones, however, were in the thick of the fight. Pe-a-quite fought his
way into the village and was killed, and another brave died in a hand-to-hand fight in front of
a lodge.
When Bates moved out, the Arapahos could not chase after them, having lost too may horses.
The command’s medical supplies were lost during the battle, and the surgeon had nothing with
which to treat the wounded.
Bates lost Pvts. James M. Walker and Peter Engall, and Lt. Young and Pvts. French, Gable,
and Pearson were wounded.

July 12 – Lost Valley – Major Jones’ Rangers – 2
Wilbarger’s Indian Depredations in Texas
Major John B. Jones
Bailey and Glass killed
Encyclopedia of Indian Wars 280: 2
Texas. Adjutant General’s Office.
Special report of the adjutant-general of the state of Texas. September, 1884
Headquarters. — Major John B. Jones, with Captain G. W. Stephens, Company
B, and Lieutenant J. T. Wilson, Company A, and 34 men, on July 12, 1874, en-
gaged over 125 Indians at Lost Valley, in Jack county; 3 Indians were killed and 3
wounded, 2 rangers killed, 2 wounded, and 12 rangers’ horses killed and disabled.

Sept 9/12 – Wichita River Capt Lymann, 5th Inf., 6th Cav. – 2
Chronological List
Find a Grave
DeArmond, William d. September 9, 1874
a Sergeant in Company 1, 5th United States Infantry.
He was awarded his medal posthumously for action at Upper Washita,
Texas, on September 9 to 11, 1874.
The Commonwealth, Tuesday Morning, September 22, 1874.
Sergeant Deadmond, company I, Fifth infantry, was killed. Sergeant Single, Sixth cavalry,
private Buck, Fifth infantry, and wagon master Sanford, were wounded, the latter mortally.

Sept 12 – near Wichita River – Corp. Sharpless, 6th Cav – 1
Carbine and Lance p219
four soldiers and two civilian scouts who were riding dispatches from Col. Miles
to the wagon train. Four of the whites were wounded almost immediately, one mortally.
The Commonwealth, Tuesday Morning, September 22, 1874.
Part of the force that attacked Major Lyman, attacked a party of the Sixth cavalry bearing
dispatches, who entrenched themselves in the sand, and after a desperate fight lasting all day,
in which one courier was killed

Sept 12 – McClellan Creek Cl Miles 6Cav, M – 2
Chronological List

Sept 28 – Palo Duro Canyon Cl. McKenzie – 1
Encyclopedia of Indian Wars 286: 1

Nov 6 – McClellan Creek Lt Farnsworth 8C – 2
Chronological List


April 6 – near Cheyenne Agency – 2
Buffalo Soldiers One trooper was killed and sixteen wounded of Troop D and three wounded and one killed in Troop M. On the Trail of the Buffalo Soldier p 345 Young, Clark, M, 10th Cavalry killed in action at the Cheyenne Agency, IT, April 6 1875 (The Buffalo Soldiers, 139), Died 12 April (Regimental Returns)
Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875, Indian Prisoners Escape
Sixteen Soldiers Wounded Two Fatally.

April 23 – Sappa Creek – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Apr 23 Sappa Cr, Kans, 6Cv,H, 19Inf, K Lt Henely
Killed: 2 enlisted men
Ft Supply, IT by Carriker p 106
…. 66 Cheyennes who.. were intercepted….

July 7 (1874?) – Camp Lewis – 3
Conflicts between the two Cultures on the Northern Plains during the
early 1870’S , Skirmish at Camp Lewis
Camp Lewis was a station occupied by the army only in the summer months in an
effort to stop Sioux raids on the Gallatin valley in this season.
One of the few mentions of this is in Captain Ludlow’s report of his reconnaissance
to Yellowstone National Park which passed through the area in July and heard of the
incident on the 15th of July.
Apparently three recruits had been sent further up the Missouri valley towards Fort
Shaw when they were killed near Fort Lewis / Benton.
This took place on the 7th of July 1875. Lieutenant G. H. Wright led detachments
from Companies G (and K according to one source) of the 7th Infantry Regiment in
this skirmish during which the three soldiers were killed.
The Seventh Regiment of 7th Infantry
On the 2d of June, 1874, Companies G and K, under Captain G. L. Browning, were
ordered to old Fort Lewis, Montana, for the purpose of protecting travellers and
wagon trains over the Carroll road, between Camp, Baker and Carroll, arriving on
the 25th.
On the 7th of July a war party of from fifty to eighty hostile Sioux made their ap-
pearance within a mile of Camp Lewis, firing upon a fatigue party procuring wood
for the camp, and also upon a small number of recruits who were fishing in the
creek near the wood party.
A detachment of mounted men from the two companies, under Lieutenant Wright,
7th Infantry, proceeded at once to the scene of the attack, followed by the compa-
nies under Captain Browning.
The Indians being mounted on fleet ponies and the companies on foot, they were
unable to intercept them. The mounted men however followed on the trail and over-
took them in a ravine about fifteen miles from camp, immediately opening fire upon
them, which was returned by the Indians.
After a sharp skirmish of a few minutes, the Indians fled.
The detachment recaptured eight head of stock which had been run off from a ranch
near camp.
The horses of the detachment being too much jaded to follow the Indians any further,
the command returned to camp.
Three unassigned recruits were killed in this affair, one of whom was scalped.
Private Davis, Company G, was severely wounded in the right hand, while bravely
defending himself with his fishing pole, that being his only means of defense.
Forty Miles a Day on Beans and Hay: The Enlisted Soldier Fighting the Indian…, p47
In west-central Montana a group of 7th Infantry recruits were enjoying an evening
swim at the end of a hard day’s march.
A band of hostiles surprised the swimmers and killed several..

Sept 19 – near Fort Chadbourne – 1
History of Runnels County
The last person killed by Indians in the Runnels area was
W. H. Brown, a Texas Ranger, who was shot by Comanches
near Fort Chadbourne on September 19, 1875.


March 17 – Little Powder River – 4
Chronological List of actions:
March 17 L Powder Rv, Mont, 2 Cv, ABEI&K, 3Cv, ADEF&M,
Col Reynolds, killed: 4 enlisted men

April 28 – Grace Creek – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Apr 28, Grace Cr, Nebr, 23 Inf,A, Lt Heyl, killed: 1 enlist. m.
Fort Hartsuff State Historical Park:
A major encounter with the Sioux took place in April 1876, a few miles
northwest of the present town of Burwell. It came to be known as the
“Battle of the Blowout.” A party of warriors was harassing the settlers,
and a detachment from Company A, 23rd Infantry, was sent out from
the fort.
Sgt. William Dougherty was the only trooper killed in the skirmish.

May 23 – Yellowstone River – 3
Son of the Mornig Star p 97-98
Three men drifted out of Gibbon’s camp to do a little hunting
They were ambushed in a ravine and killed
Pvt A. Stoeker, pvt H Rahmeir & teamster Quinn
Us participants of the 1876 Campaign
Henry Rahmeir (Killed by Indians, 23 May 1876)
Augustus Stocker (Killed by Indians, 23 May 1876)

June 17 – Rosebud River – 10/14
Estimates of casualties by both the soldiers and the Indians vary widely.
Crook said he had 10 killed and 21 wounded.
His aide John Gregory Bourke added that 4 of the wounds were mortal and
gave total casualties as 57.
Frank Grouard said that 28 soldiers were killed and 56 wounded.

June 25 – Little Big Horn, 7th Cav. – 264/265
Document LBH:
Bismarck Tribune 1876 list; killed: officers&enlisted men: 253
Para-military whites:
Boston Custer – scout, quartermaster
Mitch Bouyer – interpreter, q.m.
Isaiah Dorman – interpreter, q.m.
Charles Reynolds – q.m., scout (guide)
F.C.Mann, civilian packer. 5 (258)
Civilians: Arthur Reed,
Fr. Manning,
Kellogg(reporter) 3 (261)
Warpath and Bivouac or the Conquest of the Sioux
Commissioned Officers killed – 14
Acting Assistant Surgeon – 1
Enlisted Men – 247
Civilians – 5
Indian Scouts – 3
Total killed – 270
They Died With Custer: Soldiers’ Bones from the Battle of the Little Bighorn p12
The Battle of the Little Bighorn cost the army 268 men killed
Battle of the Little Bighorn
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The 7th Cavalry suffered 52 percent casualties: 16 officers and 242 troopers killed
or died of wounds, 1 officer and 51 troopers wounded.
Civilians killed
Boston Custer: brother of George and Thomas, forager for the 7th
Mark Kellogg: reporter
Henry Armstrong Reed: nephew of Custer’s, herder for the 7th
The 7th Cavalry was accompanied by a number of scouts and interpreters:
Charley Reynolds: scout (killed)
Isaiah Dorman: interpreter (killed)
Mitch Bouyer: scout/interpreter (killed)
Total 264

July 30 – Saragossa 10th Cav. Lt. Bullis – 0
The Buffalo Soldiers: A Narrative of the Black Cavalry in the West 152
3 wounded
Black, buckskin, and blue: African American scouts and soldiers …P 99
The black soldiers received only slight wounds from Lipan lances.
The soldiers destroyed the village and rejoined the main column which returned
safely to Texas. For this action in Mexico, Bullis was brevetted to Major. …

Aug 2 – Rosebud Rv – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Aug 2 Roseb Rv, Mont, 6 Inf & 17 Inf, Maj Moore
Killed: 1 enlisted man
Battles and Skirmishes of the Great Sioux War, 1876-1877: The Military p95
Scout Brockmeyer mortally wounded

Aug 23 – Yellowstone River – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Aug 23, mouth of Yellowst Rv, Mont, 6 Inf, G, guard Lt Bronson
Killed: 1 enlisted man

Sept 9 – Slim Buttes – 3
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 9 Slim Buttes, Dak, 2Cv ABCDE&I, 3&5 Cav, 4 Inf DFG,
9 Inf, CGH, 14 Inf BCFI, LtCol Carr, killed 3 enlist. m.

Warpath and Bivouac: Or the Conquest of the Sioux
A sergeant of the 2nd Cavalry named Cornwell was reported missing
Indian War veterans: memories of army life and campaigns in the West,
1864-1898 p115
A few of the Indians had taken refuge in a heavily wooded ravine. From there
they had killed one and wounded two of our men. (5th Cav.)
Buffalo Chips (scout Jonathan White) killed
The Indians came on again in the evening and wounded two men of the 5th Cavalry,
one of whom died before morning

Before Sept. 12 – between Slim Buttes and Belle Forche – 1
General Crook and the Western Frontier, Charles M. Robinson, p197
September 1876, after Slim Buttes
Hostiles stalked the column, ready to pick up any stragglers,
but many men were so exhausted they were willing to take to risk
a chance to rest.
The rear guard managed to find most of them, prodding them along
with pushes, kicks, and occasionally bayonet point.
Even so one man fell behind was discovered by the Indians and killed.
On the afternoon of September 13, Crook’s exhausted men collapsed
on the Belle Forche, just north of Deadwood.

Sept 14 – Owl Creek – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 14 Owl Cr 5 Cv Maj Upham killed: 1 enlisted man
Warpath and Bivouac: Or the Conquest of the Sioux p451
A soldier named Miller.. was shot and killed by the Indians while engaged I
n hunting
General George Crook, His Autobiography
At daybreak, when camp was awakened, some of the men wanted to go
out hunting.
Major Upham at first refused to allow them to go, but was at length persuaded
by some of the officers to give the desired permission. The men commenced
shooting at rabbits around the camp, and a good many shots were fired up and
down the river.
On leaving camp we discovered quite accidentally that one of our hunters had
been killed and scalped about half a mile beyond our picket, the scene having been
hidden from their sight by a slight rise in the ground.

Oct 14 – Richard Creek – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Oct 14 Richard Cr Wyo 2Cv, K Cp. Egan, killed: 1 enlisted m.
Fort Laramie
During the week of October 10, the bodies of no less than three white men had
been brought to Fort Laramie for burial.
Two were civilians, the other was that of Private W. C. Tasker of Egan’s troop.
All had been killed in the vicinity of the Chugwater.
Fort Laramie and the Great Sioux War, p183

Oct 14 or 15 – Spring Creek – scouts sent by Miles – 1
Battles and Skirmishes of the Great Sioux War, 1876-1877: The Military View,
p120, 134
17 or 18 October, party of scouts, attacked by 12 Sioux; one scout killed
1st Lieutenant Oskaloosa M. Smith
Upon gaining the entrance to Spring Creek three miles from camp, three men
joined the train, who proved to be scouts from General [Colonel] Miles’ command
at Tongue River. They were en route, four in number, from General Miles with
dispatches for Glendive Creek; on Saturday afternoon [October 14] they were
attacked at Spring Creek by a large number of Indians, one of their number was
killed, and all their horses were either killed or badly wounded. The remaining
three men were driven into the bushes, were they kept the Indians at bay until
the darkness of night let them escape and they were thus enabled to join our
troops. The body of the dead scout was found and buried.

October 21 – Big Dry River, or Cedar Creek, 5th Inf Col. Miles 0
Chronological List
2 wounded
Battles and Skirmishes of the Great Sioux War, 1876-1877: The Military View
2 wounded
Battle of Cedar Creek (1876), From Wikipedia
2 killed

Nov 25-26 – Powder River; Col McKenzie 5th C. – 7
Chronological List of actions:
Nov 25,26 Powder Rv, Mont., 2 Cv,K, 3Cv, BDEFI&M
5Cv, HL, Col McKenzie, killed: 1 officer& 5 enlisted m.
Crook Campaign, Chapter 6: The Dull Knife Fight:
The final casualty count showed seven killed: Lt. John A. McKinney,
Co. M, 4th Cavalry; Cpl. Patrick F. Ryan, Co. D, 4th Cavalry; Pvt.
Alexander Keller, Co. E, 4th Cavalry; Pvt. John Sullivan, Co. H,
4th Cavalry; Pvt. Baird, Co. D, 4th Cavalry; Pvt. Alexander McFarland,
Co. L, 5th Cavalry (who did not die until November 28); and Pvt. Joseph
Menges Co. H, 5th Cavalry.

Dec. 29 – Seco Canyon – Phillips Sheriff – 1
Fort Tours Bandera County
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Bad, p19


Jan 3 – Tongue River – 1-2
Yellowstone Command
At dawn on the third, the men proceeded along the valley floor, which gradually
increased in altitude. They left behind four mounted soldiers and a civilian guide
to round up stray oxen.
No sooner had the rear guard gone beyond sight of the bivouac, when fifteen or
twenty Indians appeared from the bluffs and attacked the herders, killing one,
Private William H. Batty of Company C, Fifth Infantry,
Personal Recollections and Observations of General Nelson Miles
The wagon-trains and troops marched over the ice in the valley of the Tongue
River, and after considerable delay reached the vicinity of the Indian camp,
having a few skirmishes on the way, and being somewhat annoyed by the presence
of parties of the enemy.
We lost two of our men who were surprised and killed by a small band of Indians.

Jan. 8 – Wolf Mountains – 3
Chronological List of actions:
Jan 8, Wolf Mnt, Mont, 5 Inf ABCDEHK, 22 Inf, EF
Col Miles killed: 3 enlisted men
The 22nd Infantry Regiment 1874-1878
After five hours of fighting, Miles’command suffered two killed and nine wounded.
One of the wounded was Private Bernard McCann, of Company F 22nd Infantry.
McCann would die of his wounds on the return march..
Battles and Skirmishes of the Great Sioux War, 1876-1877: The Military Viewp190
Wolf Moutain – 3 killed, one four days later

March 4 – Yellow House Canyon expedition hunters – 1
The buffalo soldier tragedy of 1877 p33
Joe Jackson
Yellow House Canyon, Battle, Ft. Tours

May 4 – Lake Quemado Corp. Lee 10th C. – 1
Chronological List of Hostile Actions
Texas Frontier a Clear Fork p298
The buffalo soldier tragedy of 1877 p35
A Texas frontier: the Clear Fork Country and Fort Griffin, 1849-1887

May 7 – Little Muddy Creek – 4
Chronological List of actions:
May 7 L. Muddy Cr., Mont, 2CvFGHK, 5 Inf, BH, 22Inf, EFGH
Col Miles, killed: 4 enlisted men


Jan 2 – nr Ft. McKavitt, Mc Carty – 1
Texas Rangers Austin
Private Timothy J. (Tim) McCarty

Aug 6 – Steamer Missouri River – 11th Inf – 1
Irish Deaths in the Frontier Army
Frazer Edward F 11 Inf. Recruit Killed in Action Indians Missouri River
08/06 1878 Killed by Indian attack on the Steamer Josephine ..
Annual Report Secretary of War 1878
The victim was recruit Edward Frazier, of the Eleventh Regiment oi Infantry, on his
way up the river in steamer Josephine, under charge of lieutenant Groesbeek, Sixth Infantry.

Aug 10 Texas Rangers – 1
Texas Rangers Austin
Private A. A. Ruzin
Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Badp336

Sept 13 Turkey Springs – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 13, Turkey Spr, IT, 4 Cv, GH, Cp Rendlebrock, killed: 2 enl. m.
Burials in the Fort Reno Cemetery
Corporal Patrick Lynch of Company “G”, 4th Cavalry
Private Frank Struad of Company “H”, 4th Cavalry

Sept 14 – Red Hill, 4th Cav. – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 14, Red Hill, IT, do, killed: 1 enlist. m.

Sept 27 – Famished Woman’s Fork – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Sept 27, Famished Wom. Frk, Kans, 4 Cv, BFGHI, 19 Inf, DFG
Lt. Col Lewis, killed: 1
Col Lewis died on 28th


Jan 9-22 – Fort Robinson – 11
Fort Robinson massacre
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Private Frank Schmidt, Company A, 3rd Cavalry (January 9)
Private Peter Hulse, Company A, 3rd Cavalry (January 9)
Private W. H. Good, Company L, 3rd Cavalry (January)
Private W. W. Everett, Company H, 3rd Cavalry (January)
Corporal Henry P. Orr, Company A, 3rd Cavalry (January)
Private Bernard Kelly, Company E, 3rd Cavalry (January)
Private Amos J. Barbour, Company , 3rd Cavalry (January)
Farrier George Brown, Company A, 3rd Cavalry (January 22)
Sergeant James Taggart, Company A, 3rd Cavalry (January 22)
Private George Nelson, Company A, 3rd Cavalry (January 22)
Private Henry A. DuBlois, Company H, 3rd Cavalry (January 22)

April 5 – Mizpah Creek – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Apr 5 Mizpah Cr, Mont, 2 Cv, det, serg. & one man, killed: 1 enl. m.

April 17 – Careless Creek; Lt. Loder – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Montana Indian Encounter
Lt. Samuel H. Loder, 7th. Infantry, with 14 mounted men from Company K, 3rd.
Infantry, and Companies E and D, 7th. Infantry, and 6 Indian scouts were looking
for Lakotas who had been raiding stock along the Musselshell River.
Heading east out of Fort Logan, Loder picked up a trail and caught up with the
raiders near Careless Creek, at the head of Musselshell Canyon.
The troopers killed eight Lakotas. Loder lost two soldiers and one was wounded.

June 29 – Anglin Ranger – 1
Texas Rangers Austin
Private William B. Anglin

Texas Lawmen, 1835-1899: The Good and the Badp336


Febr 12 – Pumpkin Creek 2nd Cavalry, Sgt. Glover – 1
Chronological List of actions
Battle of Pumpkin Creek, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Private George E. Douglass of the 2nd U.S. Cavalry was killed

April 1 – O’Fallon’s Creek – 1
Chronological List of actions:
Apr 1 O’Fallon’s Cr, Mont, 2 Cv, CE, Cp Huggins, killed: 1 enl. m.
Chronicles of Oklahoma Volume 13, No. 3
General Miles recommended that Huggins be brevetted. In the brush with the enemy one soldier was killed..


April 29 – Shoshone Agency, Lt Morgan 3rd Cv. – 1


Nov – Crow Agency, 1st Cav. – 1


Dec 29 – Wounded Knee – 35
Chronological List of actions:
7Cv, ABI&K, 1Art,E, Col Forsyth
Army at Wounded Knee
Last Full Measure
During the Pine Ridge Campaign of 1890-’91, forty-five soldiers, including one Indian scout, lost their lives. One of the main purposes of this blog is to document the lives of the soldiers who gave their last full measure during that winter campaign, and this page serves as a compilation of those fallen.
Amazingly, only two of the soldiers died of disease, a fifty-four-year-old captain that suffered a heart attack and a thirty-four-old first lieutenant who died from the effects of exposure. Only three died from non-battle related injuries. One was a Nebraska National Guardsman that was accidentally shot by a comrade while on picket duty. The other two were killed in a railroad accident on the return trip to Fort Riley. Forty were killed in action or died of the effects from wounds received in battle. The ranks of the dead included two Captains, three First Lieutenants, one Sergeant Major, one First Sergeant, one Quartermaster Sergeant, five Sergeants, three Corporals, one Blacksmith, one Saddler, one Hospital Steward, and twenty-six Privates including one Buffalo Soldier and one Oglala Indian Scout.
Private Harry B. Stone, B Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 12 January 1891,
Pine Ridge, South Dakota
Private William F. McClintock, K Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private John Costello, B Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private James E. Kelly, I Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private Ralph L. Cook, B Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private Pierce Cummings, I Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private Bernhard Zehnder, I Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Pine Ridge, South Dakota
Corporal Harry R. Forrest, B Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private William M. Adams, K Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 30 December 1890,
Pine Ridge, South Dakota
Private George L. Elliott, K Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 13 January 1891,
Pine Ridge, South Dakota
First Sergeant Dora Sherman Coffey, B Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private Philip Schwenkey, K Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private William S. Mezo, B Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Hospital Steward Oscar Pollak, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private Joseph Murphy, K Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private George P. Johnson, A Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private James Logan, A Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Quartermaster Sergeant Thomas Schartel, E Battery, 1st Artillery,
Died 26 January 1891, Irving, Kansas
Saddler Henry Frey, A Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private John M. McCue, K Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Sergeant Alvin H. Haselwood, A Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 11 March 1891, Fort Riley, Kansas wounded and contracted influenza
Private Michael Regan, A Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private Daniel Twohig, I Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private Herman Granberg, A Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 30 December 1890,
Pine Ridge, South Dakota
Private August Kellner, E Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Sergeant Arthur C. Dyer, A Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Corporal Charles H. Newell, B Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private Jan DeVreede, C Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Corporal Albert Symes Bone, I Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Private Frank T. Reinecky, D Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Sergeant William Thomas Hodges, K Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Sergeant Robert H. Nettles, E Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Blacksmith Gustave Korn, I Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Captain George David Wallace, K Troop, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Sergeant Major Richard Winick Corwine, 7th Cavalry, Died 29 December 1890,
Wounded Knee, South Dakota

Dec 30 – Pine Ridge Agency – 1
Chronological List of actions:
PRidge Ag, SD, 9 Cv, D, Cp Loud, killed: 1 enl. m.
Trail Buffalo Soldiers p131
private Haywood

Dec 30 – White Clay Creek – 2
Chronological List of actions:
Dec 30 White Clay Cr, SD, 7 Cv, ABCDEGIK, 1 Art, Col Forsyth
Killed: 1 enlisted man
Fight at the Mission
December 30, 1890 The Indians confused, belligerent after Wounded Knee, the
next day burnt houses near the Mission but under Red Cloud’s threat to kill
anyone who harmed it, the Mission was untouched. Forsythe with 8 troops 7th
Cavalry was surrounded by Indians in the Hills when Major Henry, with squadron
9th Cavalry dispersed them.
Lt. Mann, Pvt. Francischetti, 7th Cavalry were killed, several soldiers wounded
but Indian casualty slight.


Jan 7 – Pine Ridge, Lt Casey 22Inf – 1

TOTAL 1550

Geef een reactie

Het e-mailadres wordt niet gepubliceerd. Vereiste velden zijn gemarkeerd met *

Als je je niet confronteert met je schaduw, wordt je schaduw je lot. Jung.